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Presentation on theme: "TECHNOLOGY VS SCIENCE:"— Presentation transcript:

Like brothers! Or sisters! How are they similar & different?

2 After this presentation, your goal is to..
Understand the definition of technology Determine the difference between science and technology Discover the human limitations, and the technology we use to overcome them Explore the characteristics of technology Know the resources of technology Find out what a Renewable and Nonrenewable resource is Describe how technology has led to more scientific knowledge.

3 WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY? The application of knowledge, tools, and processes to solve practical problems and extend human capabilities. QUIZ: What is TECHNOLOGY? A space suit? The internet? A newborn baby? Grass? An inoculation against smallpox? --A chair? A hammer?

4 [1.What is technology? [accessing knowledge] [googling]
[finding a better way] [all of the above] [Default] [MC Any] [MC All]

5 How is TECHNOLOGY different than SCIENCE?

6 Science is the accumulation of knowledge.
TECHNOLOGY Science is the accumulation of knowledge. Technology is the application of knowledge. Einstein’s accumulation of e=mc2 created a legacy of technology. e=mc2 stands for "energy equals mass times the speed of light squared" Radiocarbon dating, which archeologists use to date ancient material, is an application of the formula. "The decay products that we see in carbon dating—that energy is directly obtained from the missing mass that you see in E = mc2," Gates says. Thomas Edison’s applications of inventions: Phonograph (initial invention leading to the iPod), Motion Picture Camera “Kinetoscope”, Light bulb, devices for maintaining constant voltage for electrical current, light sockets with on-off features.

7 WHY natural things happen the way they do.
SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY SCIENCE is the study of WHY natural things happen the way they do. TECHNOLOGY is the use of knowledge to turn resources into the goods and services that society needs.

8 Study how the earth was formed and what it is made from.
SCIENTIST TECHNOLOGIST Study how the earth was formed and what it is made from. Use the materials in the earth to make useful objects.

9 Study the relationship between the earth, planets, and the stars.
SCIENTIST TECHNOLOGIST Study the relationship between the earth, planets, and the stars. Build and launch space shuttles and satellites.

10 Technologists create new materials with improved characteristics.
Carbon Nanotube SCIENTIST TECHNOLOGIST Study materials under a microscope to learn why they have the characteristics that they do. Technologists create new materials with improved characteristics. Nanotubes can make electrical wires that don’t loose electricity through heat! Except: Scientists can only grow nanotubes an inch long! Check back in 20 years! Carbon Nanotube: Strongest fiber known to humans. Also, superconductive meaning it conducts electricity with little to no loss. Current power transmission technology’s largest problem is “line loss”, the loss of electricity in the form of heat. Carbon nanotube fibers would allow us to set up giant solar energy fields in a desert and transmit that power anywhere we’d like it with no power loss. Problem: technologists and scientists have not successfully grown a carbon nanotube longer than an inch.

11 Discover the way the human body works.
SCIENTIST TECHNOLOGIST Discover the way the human body works. Make artificial hearts and limbs.

12 Discover genetic codes that determine the nature of life.
SCIENTIST TECHNOLOGIST Discover genetic codes that determine the nature of life. Use codes to develop new medicines and vaccines. Genetic research is working to cure or improve the following sicknesses. Anyone know anyone with: Asthma. 1 in 3 children are affected with 550,000 school days lost each year Bronchiectasis. A lung disease that causes 40 teenage deaths each year Childhood cancers. Our highest cause of death in children Cystic Fibrosis. An incurable lung disease which affects thousands of children Diabetes 1. Treatment costs over $1 million in a lifetime Genetic research. 1 in 30 babies are born with a genetic malformation Heart disease. Obesity. A growing epidemic in the USA Pneumonia. Pre-term babies. Costs $50m per annum to fund treatment and care

ARE A TEAM! Biologists, chemists, and physicists are… Scientists Architects, engineers, product designers and technicians are… Technologists

14 [2.Which is the technologist?]
[biologist] [architect] [chemist] [physicist] [Default] [MC Any] [MC All]

15 SCIENCE answers the question…
Why do people from Asia look different from people in South America? Why does this material release electricity when exposed to the sun? Why does this chemical react with this one? Why does the heart beat? Why is the sun hot? Why does glass break? Why do we get cancer? Why is the average global temperature rising? WHY? Why do some people struggle with their weight? Why do we age? Why does lighting strike? Why are teenagers so moody? Why do geese fly south for the winter? Why do we have families? Why do we hear when someone talks? Why do we have earthquakes? Why does the moon look like cheese?

16 TECHNOLOGY answers the question…
How can we best transport people from Asia to South America? TECHNOLOGY answers the question… How can we make electricity with the sun? How can we make a non-explosive gasoline? How can we protect ourselves from the sun? How can we make an artificial heart? How can we make an unbreakable glass? How can we stop cancer? How can we end global warming? HOW? How can we stop obesity? How can we stop aging? How can we avoid being hit by lighting? How can we make teenagers less moody? How can we moniter gees flying south for the winter? How can we create a home for a family? How can we help a deaf person to hear? How can we make buildings earthquake-proof? How can we land on the moon?

17 WE ARE LIMITED: The 6 Human Limitations
Temperature Muscles Sight Hearing Speed Touch

18 [3. Which of the following are human limitations?
[heat] [speaking] [muscles] [sound] [Default] [MC Any] [MC All]

19 10 Characteristics of Technology
Technology is evident in all cultures. is knowledge based is fundamental to humanity is fundamental to survival extends our capabilities is accumulative alters our culture is future oriented is observable seeks harmony

20 [4. Which one is NOT a characteristic of technology?
[observable] [knowledge based] [seldom useful] [expands our capabilities] [Default] [MC Any] [MC All]

21 Resources for Technology
People Information Materials Tools and Machines Energy Capital Time Time

22 [5. Which of the following is NOT a resource of technology?]
[college degree] [People] [Energy] [Time] [Default] [MC Any] [MC All]

23 Resources can be either…
LIMITED In short supply Water in some places Petroleum UNLIMITED Available in great quantity Clay Iron ore Sand

24 Renewable & Nonrenewable RAW MATERIALS
Cannot be grown or replaced E.g. Minerals, metal ores Iron ore, Copper & Gold Oil, Coal & Gas Renewable: can be either grown or replaced E.g. Wood, rubber Animals & Plants Rubber tree

25 [6.Which of the following is NOT a renewable resource?]
[wood] [rubber] [plants] [minerals] [Default] [MC Any] [MC All]

26 7. [Which of the following is NOT a Non-renewable resource?]
[metals] [oil] [coal] [animals] [Default] [MC Any] [MC All]

27 [8. Science asks ?????] [how] [why] [who ] [when] [Default] [MC Any]
[MC All]

28 [9. Technology asks?????] [who] [what] [how] [why] [Default] [MC Any]
[MC All]

29 [10. Which is true?] [science leads to technology]
[technology leads to science] [science has nothing to do with technology] [A and B only] [Default] [MC Any] [MC All]

30 REVIEW What is the definition of technology?
Which is the technologist: Biologist or Architect? What are the human limitations? What technology do we use to overcome them? What are the characteristics of technology? Name the resources of technology Name three examples of a Renewable and Nonrenewable resource. WHO ASKS HOW? WHO ASKS WHY?

31 Describe how technology has led
to more science knowledge. -steam engines developed many laws and theories “thermodynamics” -Dutch satellites advanced astronomy -electron microscope = cell study -liquid fuel rockets -bombs-spacecraft- - moon landing- soil samples -probes to planets.


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