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Workshop on Skills and Secrets of the Scientific Publication and Its Importance for the Researchers and Universities In the Name of Allah the Merciful.

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Presentation on theme: "Workshop on Skills and Secrets of the Scientific Publication and Its Importance for the Researchers and Universities In the Name of Allah the Merciful."— Presentation transcript:

1 Workshop on Skills and Secrets of the Scientific Publication and Its Importance for the Researchers and Universities In the Name of Allah the Merciful and the Compassionate Sponsored by SSCIKL

2 In the Name of Allah the Merciful and the Compassionate


4 IF I USE THIS INFORMATION MENTIONED IN THIS WORKSHOP, I declare in front of Allah that I will pray to Allah for the person, who has prepared and presented this workshop, his parents and his family.

5 Scopus Index Web of Science (WOS) and its Practical Skills ISI Index Process of the Publication Terminologies of Scientific publication The Importance of the scientific Publication for the researchers Journal Citation Reports (JCR) and its Practical Skills The Importance of the scientific Publication for the Universities The Most Famous World Universities Rankings Golden Advices

6 A scientific publication describes the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship. Most academic work is published in journal article, book or thesis form. Academic publishing is undergoing major changes, as it makes the transition from the print to the electronic format. Scientific Publication

7 An academic conference or symposium is a meeting for researchers to present and discuss their work. In other words, Together with academic or scientific journals, conferences provide an important channel for exchange of information between researchers. Academic conference

8 An academic journal is a peer-reviewed periodical in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Academic journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation of new research, and the critique of existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. Academic Journal

9 In academic publishing, a paper is an academic work that is usually published in an academic journal. It contains original research results or reviews existing results. Such a paper, also called an article, will only be considered valid if it undergoes a process of peer review by one or more reviewers (who are academics in the same field) who check that the content of the paper is suitable for publication in the journal. Scientific Paper (Article)

10 Research Article An article reporting on the results of one or more practical studies or experiments, written by the person(s) who conducted the research. Review Article An article summarizing the results of studies or experiments, often attempting to identify trends or draw broader conclusions. Scientific Paper (Article)

11 Peer review is a central concept for most academic publishing; other scholars in a field must find a work sufficiently high in quality for it to merit publication. The process also protects against plagiarism. A Peer review

12 Scopus Index Scopus is a database containing abstracts and citations for academic journal articles. It covers nearly 21,000 titles from over 5,000 publishers, of which 20,000 are peer-reviewed journals in the scientific, technical, medical, and social sciences (including arts and humanities). It is owned by Elsevier and is available online by subscription.

13 Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) was founded by Eugene Garfield in 1960. It was obtained by Thomson Scientific & Healthcare in 1992 and became known as Thomson ISI. It offered database services as well. It maintains citation databases covering thousands of academic journals. This database allows a researcher to identify which articles have been cited most frequently, and who has cited them.

14 Process of the Publication Author Chief in Editor Associate Editors Reviewers

15 Upgrading the Academic Position Profit (Increasing the Salary or getting Prize) Graduation Requirement. Reputation (Muslim has to be careful on this) Increasing the Deeds (Only if it is just for Allah). Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (Pease be upon him) said: "When a man dies, his deeds come to an end except for three things: Sadaqah Jariyah, a knowledge which is beneficial, or a virtuous descendant who prays for him.' Reported by [Muslim]. The Importance of the scientific Publication for the researchers



18 Journal Citation Reports (JCR) Journal Citation Reports (JCR) is an annual publication by the Healthcare & Science division of Thomson Reuters. It has been integrated with the Web of Knowledge and is accessed from the Web of Science. It provides information about academic journals in the sciences and social sciences, including impact factors.

19 JCR Database: (Only Journals with Impact Factor are listed) 1. Select the correct JCR edition and year 3. Click on SUBMIT button 2. Select an option: If you know the exact name of the journal, choose Search for a specific journal OPTION A. SEARCH FOR A SPECIFIC JOURNAL

20 Example : Choose 2007 JCR Science Edition 1) Search by Full Journal Title 2) Type search term: Clinics in Perinatology 3) Click on the SEARCH button and the searching process begins

21 Search Result Displayed 4) Click on the title below Abbreviated Journal Title for further details

22 Details of the Journal Displayed 5) Click Journal Ranking for details of ranking of the journal in categories

23 The journal Clinics in Perinatology ranked: i.Quartile 3 (Q3) in OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY category ii.Quartile 2 (Q2) in PEDIATRICS category Details of Journal for Rank in Category Displayed

24 2. Select an option: If you wish to search according to subject category, choose View a group of journals by Subject category 3. Click on SUBMIT button OPTION B. SEARCH ACCORDING TO SUBJECT CATEGORY 1. Select the correct JCR edition and year

25 Example : Choose Subject Category Sport Sciences 4. Scroll down the subject category list to locate your field 5. Sort by Impact Factor & submit

26 JOURNAL SUMMARY LIST DISPLAYED. The top 25% of the subject category (sort according to impact factor) is in Tier 1 or Q1 of this subject. This has to be calculated manually. For example, Sport Sciences has 71 titles and so the top 25% is around 17 th / 18 th title. And this is followed by Q2 which is the next 25% & etc. 6. As an example to find out which tier a journal belongs to : Select any title such as JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY

27 7) Click Journal Ranking for details of journal rank in categories Details of the Journal Displayed

28 Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology ranked: i.Quartile 2 (Q2) in PSYCHOLOGY category ii.Quartile 1 (Q1) in SPORT SCIENCES category Details of Journal for Rank in Category Displayed

29 Web of Science (WOS) Worlds leading citation database with multidisciplinary coverage of over 10,000 high- impact journals in the sciences, social sciences, and arts and humanities, as well as international proceedings coverage for over 120,000 conferences. Powerful tools include cited reference searching, Citation Maps, and the Analyze Tool.

30 WOS Database Uncheck 2. Uncheck the boxes to exclude them 1. Select Web of Science 4. Select Search options (details in next slide) 5. Click on search button 3. Type in your search term

31 Step 3 & 4. Type in your search term and choose Search options as below: 1. Topic : Keyword search 2. Title: Title of the article search 3. Author: Name of the author as it is indexed in WOS 4. Publication name: Title of the journal search in full form Step 5. Click on the search button and the searching process begins.

32 Example: If you wish to search for publications of a particular researcher, type in his/her indexed name, select search option as Author. Eg. Professor Ng Seik Weng [ Please type his name as ng sw in the search box]; publications for the year 2001 to present Step 1: type ng sw Step 2: select Author as search option Step 3: To refine year of publications to 2001-2010 (optional). If you leave it blank, it will search for ALL. Step 4: select year published as search option Step 5: Click search

33 RESULT: 1294 publications indexed with the name ng sw. To find out how many times of his publications being cited by others, click Create Citation Report

34 RESULT OF CITATION REPORT: Total times cited 3192; h-index 19; Publication with the higher citation is listed as the first one in the list with 79 citations. This result is lower because the coverage is from 2000-2010 only.

35 1. Go to Master Journal List of Thomson Scientific via as below: If you type your search term here, you are searching all databases; whereas our focus is on ISI-WOS only If you wish to browse the list of journals arranged in alphabetical order, you may click on one of the databases below related to your field. Please scroll down the list to search for journals indexed by ISI-WOS ( next slide)

36 Please refer only to the lists with an indication of (Web of Science) 1. 2. 3. Continue … 1412 titles as at 5 Mac 2009 7907 titles as at 5 Mac 2009 2624 titles as at 5 Mac 2009

37 E.g. Start your search by Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) (the interface is the same for the other 2) Step 1. Click on Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science), this interface will be shown Step 2. Start searching / viewing with the search options given If you know the title of the journal, click search to verify whether it is indexed Viewing / Browsing a list of all journals in SCIE arranged in alphabetical order Check on how the coverage of the journal changes Locate the journals indexed in your field (further explaination in the following slide)

38 Step 3. Click on VIEW SUBJECT CATEGORY Step 4. Click here to get a drop-down menu – Subject category

39 Step 5. Scroll down the list and select a field. For example, you would like to find out the journals indexed in BIOTECHNOLOGY & APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY category Step 6. Click VIEW JOURNAL LIST, and the list of journals will be shown in alphabetical order List of journals indexed Click VIEW SCOPE NOTES if you wish to read the category description Next slide is the result of clicking on VIEW SCOPE NOTES


41 Universities around the world are coming under greater pressure to increase their productivity. The universities in different parts of this world are trying hardly to achieve a highest rank. There are several world University rankings. One of the most important criteria in all of these ranking is the scientific Publication and it can be considered as a backbone of the ranking. The Importance of the scientific Publication for the Universities

42 QS World University Rankings Times Higher Education World University Rankings Academic Ranking of World Universities Webometrics Ranking of World Universities The Most Famous World Universities Ranking

43 QS World University Rankings The QS World University Rankings are annual university rankings which provides overall rankings as well as rankings for individual subjects. This ranking is coming from UK.

44 Times Higher Education World University Rankings The Times Higher Education World University Rankings (or THE World University Rankings) are annual world university rankings published by the British magazine Times Higher Education (THE) with data supplied by Thomson Reuters that provides citation database information. They include both the overall and the subject rankings. Moreover, the additional World Reputation Rankings which are independent of the main rankings have also been released starting from 2011.

45 Academic Ranking of World Universities The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), also known as the Shanghai Ranking, is a publication that was founded by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University to rank universities globally. The rankings have been conducted since 2003 and updated annually.

46 Webometrics Ranking of World Universities The Webometrics Ranking of World Universities, also known as Ranking Web of World Universities, is a ranking system for the world's universities based on Web contents (number of web pages and files). The ranking is published by the Cybermetrics Lab, a research group of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) located in Madrid.

47 Golden Advices Please make sure your idea has not already been published. Please try to pick a very a suitable Journal with your work (Please read carefully the scope and the aim of the journal) Please make sure your work is appropriate with chosen journal. Please Read carefully the author guideline (Author Instructions). Please choose a very catching title (it should reflects all of your work from helicopter view)

48 Golden Advices (contd.) Please write the Abstract after you write the whole paper (The abstract should be a stand-alone summary of the entire paper) Please try to avoid the common mistakes such as (Different font sizes, Duplicate words E.g., in the in the, Punctuation errors, Poor grammar/word choice, References in the abstract, Undefined abbreviations, Poor structure ). Please be very smart in your writing (An effective author should be very clear in his paper) Please Show your results to a few known researchers in the field that you trust their integrity and ask for their comments (acknowledge their help in the acknowledgement section)

49 Please Explain the results of the work in terms of the objectives stated in the introduction Section. Please be careful with the references ( The reference section is the most difficult to format. Each journal has different formatting instructions for citations. Please make sure the table and figures are clear (not complex) and cite them inside the paper (Tables and figures should have enough detail to stand alone (i.e., should be understood without reading the paper). Please Use as many as required information, but not more than is necessary. Golden Advices (contd.)

50 Please make your writing in academic from and structure and it should be very clear and understandable (Instead of… commence, Finalize, Terminate, Utilize (this word drives some reviewers to be crazy) use simple words Use… Begin, Finish, End and Use) Please Avoid jargon as much as you can (Use technical terms only when necessary and write it simply and in plain language) Please Eliminate waste words which has nothing (Especially the word the which is overused. If you edit your writing and just eliminate the word the when possible, it will tighten your writing) Please Eliminate vague words (words that cannot be quantified or do not add to your understanding). Golden Advices (contd.)

51 Please Eliminate redundant words whose meaning are already clear (Instead of… different alternatives, completely eliminate, refer back Use clearly … alternatives, eliminate, refer) Please try to reduce Using of Phrases (Instead of… due to the fact that, prior to the start of, on a regular basis, despite the fact that, in the event that Use… because, before, regularly, although, if) Please when you get Rejected, Do not despair, it happens. Read what the reviewers wrote. Fix the problems (unless they are really fatal problems that doom the project). Research other lower impact journals that would be appropriate. If the comments of reviewers are not valued, please just ignore it. Reformat according to other journals instructions. Resubmit Be Ambitious and keep trying. Golden Advices (contd.)

52 Please Give a few presentations in good institutions and receive feedback. Please be careful the Plagiarism since it will be black point in your academic life and sometimes it will destroy it. Please read carefully the papers in the last issues of the chosen Journal. Please make sure you cite to the papers inside the targeted journal. Please have a good intention in your heart to be accepted from Allah. Golden Advices (contd.)

53 Q/A Questions/ Answers


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