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10 January 2011 Take Out Homework: Week 17 p. 3 Objective: SWBAT define and identify the limiting reagent in a chemical reaction. Do Now: Which type of.

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Presentation on theme: "10 January 2011 Take Out Homework: Week 17 p. 3 Objective: SWBAT define and identify the limiting reagent in a chemical reaction. Do Now: Which type of."— Presentation transcript:

1 10 January 2011 Take Out Homework: Week 17 p. 3 Objective: SWBAT define and identify the limiting reagent in a chemical reaction. Do Now: Which type of reaction? a. AX + BY BX + AY b. 2HgO(s) 2Hg(l) + O 2 (g)

2 Agenda I. Do now, homework check II. Review types of reactions III. Limiting reagent demonstration/mini lab Homework: Week 18 Homework pages 1-2: Tues Limiting Reagent Lab: Due Weds. Quiz on Types of Reactions tomorrow (includes one mass to mass conversion problem!) (10 min)

3 Limiting Reagents

4 Demonstration Solid sodium bicarbonate reacts with a solution of acetic acid to produce… You will be working with your lab group to carry out one trial of this experiment. Listen carefully to the verbal directions! When you finish your trial, bring your flask + balloon to the front (dont take the balloon off the flask!) Then, finish page 1 and page 2 of the lab handout

5 GroupAmt of baking soda Amt of vinegar Circumference of balloon (cm) Any baking soda left over? 1a2g50ml (2.5g) 28.5cmNah 1b2g50ml (2.5g) 31.0NO 2a4g50ml (2.5g) 36.0cmno 2b4g50ml (2.5g) 36.1cmno 3a6g50ml (2.5g) 36.0cmYES 3b6g50ml (2.5g) 36.0YESSSSSSSSSSSSSS SSSSSS

6 For the rest of the period… Complete the lab packet with your group. Ask me questions if you have them! If you finish early (wow!) begin the homework (Week 18 pages 1-2)

7 Homework Week 18 Homework pages 1-2: tomorrow Limiting Reagent Lab: Due Weds. Quiz on Types of Reactions tomorrow (includes one mass to mass conversion problem!) (10 min) Extra Help TOMORROW 3:30-4:30 pm

8 NaHCO 3 (s) + CH 3 COOH(aq) CO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) + NaCO 3 (aq)

9 14 January 2011 Take Out Homework: Limiting Reagents Lab Objective: SWBAT determine the limiting reagent in a chemical reaction word problem. Do now: For our limiting reagents lab, describe how we could have checked to see if there was excess vinegar in flask 1.

10 Agenda I. Do now II. Homework check III. Determining the limiting reagent IV. Practice Problems Homework: Week 18 Homework p. 1-3: Tuesday

11 For one sandwich: 1 roll1 slice 2 slices 1 leaf 2 slices You have 2 rolls5 slices 6 slices 4 leaves 8 slices What is the limiting ingredient? Which ingredients are in excess?

12 Vocab Limiting reagent: the reactant that limits or determines the maximum amount of product that can be formed in a reaction. Excess reagent: reactant that is not completely reacted; extra

13 Ex. 1 2Na(s) + Cl 2 (g) 2NaCl(s) If 6.70 moles of sodium is reacted with 3.20 moles of chlorine gas… a. What is the limiting reagent? b. How many moles of NaCl are produced?

14 Ex. 1 C 2 H 4 (g) + 3O 2 (g) 2CO 2 (g) + 2H 2 O(g) If 2.70 moles of C 2 H 4 (ethylene) is reacted with 6.30 moles of oxygen gas… a. What is the limiting reagent? b. How many moles of water are produced? Complete the front page of the handout.

15 Practice Problems Front: Moles problems Back: Mass problems Bonus! If you finish early, complete part c on the front and back. Due Tues.

16 Practice Problems! (Part 1) C 2 H 4 (g) + 3O 2 (g) 2CO 2 (g) + 2H 2 O(g) 1. If 15.0 moles of ethene is reacted with 10.0 moles of oxygen… 2. If 0.50 moles of ethene are reacted with 0.25 moles of oxygen… a. What is the limiting reagent? b. How much water is produced? **c. How much of the excess reagent is left?**

17 Homework Week 18 Homework p. 1-3: Tues. Missing Work? Still cant write and balance an equation? Think mass conversions are impossible? Extra Help Tuesday 3:30-4:30

18 A: 18 Jan Take Out Homework: Week 18 p. 3 Objective: SWBAT determine the limiting reagent in grams in a chemical reaction word problem. Do now: 2H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2H 2 O(l) a. If 10 moles of H 2 are reacted with 4 moles of O 2, which is the limiting reagent? b. How many moles of water can be made?

19 Agenda I. Do now, Homework check II. LR examples with grams III. Practice Problems Homework: Week 18 Homework p. 4: Weds. Finish Limiting Reagents worksheet: Weds.

20 Ex. 1 2Na(s) + Cl 2 (g) 2NaCl(s) If 2.0 grams of sodium is reacted with 3.0 grams of chlorine… a. What is the limiting reagent? b. How many grams of NaCl are produced?

21 Ex. 2 C 2 H 4 (g) + 3O 2 (g) 2CO 2 (g) + 2H 2 O(g) If 5.00 grams of ethylene is reacted with 1.00 gram of oxygen gas… a. What is the limiting reagent? b. How many grams of water are produced? **c. How many grams of the excess product are left?** Complete page 2 of the handout

22 Practice Problems Back: Mass problems Due at the end of the class! Bonus! If you finish early, complete part c on the front and back. Bonus due tomorrow.

23 Homework Week 18 Homework p. 4: tomorrow Finish Limiting Reagents worksheet bonus: tomorrow

24 A: 19 January 2011 Take Out Homework: Week 18 p. 4 and Limiting Reagents Worksheet Objective: SWBAT calculate percent yield of a product of a reaction. Do now: 2H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2H 2 O(l) a. If 6 moles of H 2 are reacted with 4 moles of O 2, which is the limiting reagent? b. How many moles of water can be made?

25 Agenda I. Do now II. Homework check III. % yield notes and examples IV. Practice problems V. Bubblegum lab! Homework: Week 18 Homework p. 5-6, Finish bubblegum lab: Thurs.

26 C 2 H 4 (g) + 3O 2 (g) 2CO 2 (g) + 2H 2 O(g) If you calculate that the reaction of 5.00 grams of ethylene with 3.00 grams of oxygen will yield 2.75 grams of carbon dioxide, should you expect the actual reaction to really yield exactly that much? Why or why not? Percent Yield

27 Theoretical yield: maximum amount of product that could be formed given the amounts of reactants. (Calculated on paper.) Experimental yield: the amount of product that actually forms during an experiment (Determined by doing an experiment.)

28

29 Percent Yield is usually < 100% Why? Reaction not going to completion Impure reactants Side Reactions: a product reacts with a reactant Loss during filtration or pouring between containers

30 Ex. 1 CaCO 3 (s) CaO(s) + CO 2 (g) You calculate that, with the masses of reactants used, your experiment should have yielded 3.00 grams of solid calcium oxide. However, you only got 2.00 grams of calcium oxide. Calculate the percent yield.

31 Ex. 2 CaCO 3 (s) CaO(s) + CO 2 (g) a. What is the theoretical yield of CaO if 24.8 grams of CaCO 3 is heated? b. What is the percent yield if 13.1 g CaO is actually produced?

32 Ex. 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 3CO(g) 2Fe(s) + 3CO 2 (g) When 84.8 g of iron (III) oxide reacts with an excess of carbon monoxide, 54.3 g of iron is produced. What is the percent yield?

33 Practice Problems! Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 3CO(g) 2Fe(s) + 3CO 2 (g) 1. You calculate that your reaction should have produced 10.0 g of iron, but only 6.8 grams were produced. What is the percent yield? 2. When 10.0 g of iron (III) oxide reacts with an excess of carbon monoxide in an experiment, only 6.45 g of iron is actually produced. What is the percent yield? 3. When 5.00 g of iron (III) oxide is reacted with 1.00 g carbon monoxide, 1.20 grams of iron is produced. What is the percent yield? (Hint: Calculate the limiting reagent FIRST!)

34 Bubblegum Lab! What percent of Dubble Bubble is sugar, by mass? Compared to the Nutrition Facts, what is your percent yield of sugar from Dubble Bubble? Work with your partner. Choose one chewer and one balancer.

35 Homework Week 18 Homework p. 5-6: Thurs. Finish bubblegum lab: Thurs.

36

37 Alka Seltzer Contains: Aspirin Citric acid NaHCO 3 (sodium bicarbonate)

38 How much of Alka Seltzer is actually sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3 )?

39 P. 3 #1 NaHCO 3 (s) + CH 3 COOH(aq) CH 3 COONa(aq) + CO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) Solid sodium bicarbonate (in the Alka Seltzer) reacts with a solution of acetic acid (in the vinegar) to produce a solution of sodium acetate, carbon dioxide gas, and liquid water.

40 Using stoichiometry, if we find the mass of the carbon dioxide released, we can calculate the mass of the sodium bicarbonate in the alka seltzer! And then, the percent by mass of sodium bicarbonate in the alka seltzer!

41 Determining a Limiting Reagent Lab Safety: No eating or drinking Used chemicals can be washed down the sink with water. Do not use lab materials to design your own lab.

42 Procedure You will be reacting different amounts of acetic acid and water with an alka seltzer tablet. Read directions carefully. Refer to data table 1 on page 2 Record qualitative observations. Record data on the back page.

43 Graphing Experimental Data Goal: To determine the limiting reagent in the reaction NaHCO 3 (s) + CH 3 COOH(aq) CH 3 COONa(aq) + CO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) Graph amount of NaHCO 3 vs. amount of CH 3 COOH

44 Parts of a Graph Scale Units Scale Units Title Plot Points (do not connect!)

45 Analysis What is the trend of the data? Increasing? Decreasing? Constant? Steep slope? Flat slope? Shape (linear, quadratic?) As (x-value) ______, (y-value) ______. Write one very complete paragraph describing the trends in your data.

46 Conclusions What can you conclude about this experiment based on your graph? Why do you see the trend in your data? What is the LR? When? How do you know? What is in excess? When? How do you know?


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