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Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Materials Transport Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP)

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Presentation on theme: "Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Materials Transport Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP)"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Materials Transport Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP)

3 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City Dangerous goods are solids, liquids, or gases that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment.

4 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

5 Class 1 – Explosives Examples: gunpowder, grenades, ammunition, flares, fireworks Class 2 – Gases (flammable, non-flammable, toxic) Examples: propane, butane, LPG, nitrogen, ammonia, aerosols Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

6 Class 3 – Flammable Liquids Examples: petrol, alcohols, thinners, solvents, lacquers, varnishes Class 4 – Flammable Solids Examples: matches, sulphur, wetted explosives, silicon powder, moth balls Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

7 Class 5 – Oxidizing Substances, Organic Peroxides Examples: hydrogen peroxide, ammonium nitrate, domestic bleach Class 6 – Toxic and Infectious Substances Examples: Pest strips, flea collars, correcting fluid, mercury thermometers, insecticides, fiberglass, cyanide solutions Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

8 Class 8– Corrosive Substances Examples: Caustic soda, dishwasher detergent, cleaning products, hydrochloric acid and battery acids Class 7 – Radioactive Material Examples: Substances (solid or liquid) which spontaneously emit ionizing radiation – Category I, II or III, depending on the radiation level of transport packaging Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

9 Class 9 – Miscellaneous Dangerous Substances, Including Environmentally-Hazardous Substances Examples: dry ice, asbetos, lithium ion batteries, cosmetics, chemical kits Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

10 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

11 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

12 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

13 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

14 Flight/ Date: J7592/11 May 1996 Airline: Valujet Aircraft: DC9-32 Type of Flight: Commercial Crash Site: Everglades Reported Problem: Fire in Cargo Compartment DG Item Identified as Cause: Class 5.1 Oxygen Generators Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

15 Flight/ Date: FX1406/ 05 Sep 1996 Airline: Federal Express Aircraft: DC10-10 Type of Flight: Cargo Crash Site: Newburgh, NY Reported Problem: Fire/ Smoke in the Cabin Cargo Compartment One of Several Possible Causes: Undeclared Hazardous Items Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

16 Flight/ Date: 5X1406/ 07 Feb 2006 Airline: United Parcel Services (UPS) Aircraft: DC 8-71F Type of Flight: Cargo Crash Site: Philadelphia, PA Reported Problem: Smoke in Cargo Compartment One of Several Possible Causes: Undeclared Hazardous Items Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

17 Flight/ Date: 5X006/ 03 Sep 2010 Airline : United Parcel Services (UPS) Aircraft: B744F Type of Flight: Cargo Crash Site: Near Dubai Silicon Oasis Reported Problem: Fire in Main Cargo Deck Published Cause: Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Controversy: Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for accident as part of the 2010 cargo plane bomb plot Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

18 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

19 TERRORISM

20 International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) International Standards and Recommended Practices (SARP) Annex 18 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods By Air Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

21 The material in this Annex was developed by the Air Navigation Commission in response to a need expressed by Contracting States for an internationally agreed set of provisions governing the safe transport of dangerous goods by air. Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

22 Annex 18 to the Chicago Convention and the associated Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air of the ICAO are recognized as the sole authentic legal source material in the air transport of dangerous goods. The IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations are published in order to provide procedures for shippers and operators by which articles and substances with hazardous properties can be safely transported by air on all commercial air transport. Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

23 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City 1.Prior to CAAPs formation in 2007, the AIR TRANSPORTATION OFFICE (ATO) handled Civil Aviation oversight in the Philippines. 2. In July 2007, the Philippine Civil Aviation under the ATO was audited by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) which revealed safety oversight deficiencies. 3. The Philippine Civil Aviation was downgraded from Category I to Category II. 4. In response to the FAA findings, the Philippine Government embarked on a Reform Program starting with the enactment into Law of Republic Act 9497 (RA 9497), creating the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP) and abolishing the ATO in the process.

24 RA The CAAP Law (born: 23 March 2008) Chapter X - Other Powers Sec. 77 Authority Respecting the Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Air The Director General shall monitor and enforce compliance of the rules and regulations concerning the carriage of goods by air in relation to Annex 18 of the Chicago Convention and the ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air. Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

25 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City 1.RA9497, Sec. 23, empowers the CAAP Board to promulgate rules and regulations in the interest of air safety. This came in effect via the Philippine Civil Aviation Regulations (PCARs), promulgated in Based on recommendations born from two audits conducted, ICAO-Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) in 2009 and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) in 2010, respectively, amendments to the PCARs were made in The PCARs are based on the ICAO SARP. It has 11 Parts and 2 Nomenclatures (Procedural Laws) which originally were Part 13 (Accident Reporting Investigation) and Part 18 (Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods By Air).

26 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City PCAR Part 18 The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air Nomenclature (Official Gazette) Procedural Law Released 20 July 2012 as the Manual of Dangerous Goods Approvals

27 Applicability - applicable to all domestic and international operations of civil aircraft. - In the interest of safety and minimizing interruptions to the international transport of dangerous goods, the domestic civil aircraft operations must comply with Annex 18 and ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air. - All air carriers or operators shall comply with this Civil Aviation Regulation, Annex 18, ICAO Technical Instructions (TI) for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air. Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

28 Philippine Airlines Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City MANUALS – PCAR 18.5 Operations Manuals must contain more detailed procedures on DG handling (acceptance, storage, loading, written notification to Pilot-in-command, incident reporting, damage to DG packaging, special requirements for poisons) All other Local Carriers MANUALS- PCAR 18.5 Operations Manuals contain less detailed procedures on DG handling (DG awareness training, no DG to be accepted, reporting of damaged packages suspected to contain DG) AOC With Dangerous Goods Carrier Permit AOCs That Opt NOT to Carry Dangerous Goods

29 AOC With Dangerous Goods Carrier Permit Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City TRAINING SUBJECTS – PCAR 18.6 (1) Dangerous goods and classifications (2) Shipping paper and certificate requirements (3) Packaging, marking, and labeling (4) Exemption authority (5) Exceptions from the regulations (6) Written communication to pilot in command (7) Keeping and replacement of lost or damaged labels (8) Reporting hazardous materials incidents/deficiencies (9) Loading, unloading, and handling (10) Specific regulations applicable according to classification of material. AOCs That Opt NOT to Carry Dangerous Goods TRAINING SUBJECTS – PCAR 18.6 (1) Dangerous goods and classifications (2) Packaging, marking, and labeling

30 AOC With Dangerous Goods Carrier Permit Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City PACKING – (i) Dangerous Goods shall be packed in accordance with PCAR and as provided for in the Technical Instructions. (ii) Packaging shall be of good quality, constructed and securely closed so as to prevent leakage which might be caused in normal conditions of transport, by changes in temperature, humidity or pressure, or by vibration. (iii) Packaging shall be suitable for the contents. Packaging in direct contact with DG shall be resistant to any chemical or other action of such goods. (iv) Packaging shall meet the material and construction specifications in the Technical Instructions.

31 AOC With Dangerous Goods Carrier Permit Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City PACKING – (v) Packaging shall be tested in accordance with the provisions of the Technical Instructions. (vi) Packaging for which retention of a liquid is a basic function, shall be capable of withstanding, without leaking, the pressure stated in the Technical Instructions. (vii) Inner Packaging shall be so packed, secured or cushioned as to prevent their breakage or leakage and to control their movement within the outer packaging(s) during normal conditions of air transport. Cushioning and absorbent materials shall not react dangerously with the contents of the packaging.

32 AOC With Dangerous Goods Carrier Permit Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City PACKING – (viii) No packaging shall be re-used until it has been inspected and found free from corrosion or other damage. Where a packaging is re-used, all necessary measures shall be taken to prevent contamination of subsequent contents. (ix) If, because of the nature of their former contents, un-cleaned empty packaging may present a hazard, they shall be tightly closed and treated according to the hazard they constitute. (x) No harmful quantity of a dangerous substance shall adhere to the outside of packages.

33 Certificate Management Department (CMD) Philippine Airlines – the only certified Dangerous Goods Carrier in the Philippines Cebu Pacific Air – Non-DG Carrier but with special exemptions for special routes and VVIP flights Flight Operations Department (FOD) Air Philippines Express Zest Air Sea Air Air Asia Royal Star Lion Air All other General Aviation Air Operators Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

34 Conduct continuous Technical Trainings on Required & Support Programs Create DG Specialized Team to handle DG Surveillance Screen/ hire Qualified Personnel as DG Inspectors Develop Tools (CASORT) Develop PCAR Part 18: Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air Conduct Inspector & DG Technical Trainings Conduct OJT for New DG inspectors v Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

35 Dangerous Goods Inspections had been conducted and recorded in CASORT. Safety Issues related to Dangerous Goods by Air Operator Certificate (AOC) holders have been recorded monitored up to resolution and/or were subjected to further surveillance. From August 2011 to May 2012: Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

36 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

37 CAAP DANGEROUS GOODS INSPECTORS GUIDANCE Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City OPERATIONS INSPECTORS MANUAL MANUAL OF DANGEROUS GOODS APPROVALS RESOLUTION AND ENFORCEMENT MANUAL

38 CAAP INSPECTION POLICY A.Program Minimum Required Annual Inspections (MRAI). B.Conduct un-programmed inspections on an ad-hoc basis. C.Train inspectors in each technical discipline to conduct inspections of dangerous goods processes and participants. D.Inspectors are charged with the responsibility to conduct DG-related inspection tasks as they go about daily oversight functions. Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

39 DG Evaluation and Approvals - DG Manuals and Revision - Segments on DG found in various Airline Operators Manuals - DG Training Programs, as applicable to the trainees involvement in DG handling - DG Published Procedures and Revisions Inspector Responsibilities: Duties and Coverage Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

40 DG Inspections Inspector Responsibilities: Duties and Coverage - Facilities and Signs (storage, segregation, handling) - Documentation (manuals, shipping records, training records, audit records, loading records) - Processes (DG screening/acceptance/preparation/ labels/packing/aircraft loading/ emergency procedures) - Personnel (actual performance/ training records) - Training (training program, monitor training-in-progress) Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

41 DG Comprehensive Inspections - This inspection is intended to be a consolidation of all applicable DG inspections to a specific organization. Inspector Responsibilities: Kinds of Inspections Minimum Required Annual Inspections (MRAI) - Each year, at the beginning of December, the CAAP will plan the minimum annual dangerous goods inspections for the coming year. The total number of inspections will be planned based on the number of AOC holders. Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

42 Unplanned, No-Notice Inspections - All qualified inspectors will be expected to accomplish DG inspections during the conduct of other inspector tasks associated with the certificated organizations. Such inspections are to be conducted on a regular basis. Inspector Responsibilities: Kinds of Inspections Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

43 Review Record Check for Emphasis Areas or Weak Links Unless this is a No-Notice Inspection, advise accountable manager of organization being inspected Initial Preparation Initial Contact Inspection Proper Debriefing with Organization Representatives Conduct of the Inspection Complete CASORT Action Records Record any non-conformance/safety issues Provide required written documentation to company and monitor until resolved or compliance is achieved Completion of CAAP Records Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

44 THEREFORE: For the Aviation industry, increasing DG Transport Regulatory Standards can prevent DG-related Accidents/ Incidents from occurring… Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

45 Through Cargo Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

46 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City Through Passenger Checked Bags/ Carry-Ons/ Clothing

47 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City Through Mail

48 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City Through Aircraft Ground Servicing

49 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City Through Airline Personnel

50 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City Or, even through Die-hard Terrorist Wannabes

51 Increasing Regulatory Standards for Hazardous Material Transport GLOBALPACK 2012 International Packaging Conference 27 July 2012 Sarabia Convention Center, Iloilo City

52 Effective DG Surveillance in the Aviation Industry : A Means to Combat Terrorism 84 th Meeting. AML/CFT, NALECC, 07 June 2012


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