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Dangerous Goods Transportation SAFE TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR COSCAP-SOUTH ASIA.

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Presentation on theme: "Dangerous Goods Transportation SAFE TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR COSCAP-SOUTH ASIA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dangerous Goods Transportation SAFE TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR COSCAP-SOUTH ASIA

2 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITIONS: §ARTICLES OR SUBSTANCES WHICH ARE CAPABLE OF POSING A SIGNIFICANT RISK TO HEALTH,SAFETY OR PROPERTY WHEN TRANSPORTED BY AIR. 1

3 Dangerous Goods Transportation §A DANGEROUS GOOD IS DANGEROUS BECAUSE: §IT CAN START A FIRE §IT CAN HELP SPREADING A FIRE §CAN CAUSE INJURY THROUGH CONTACT AND RADIATION § CONTD. 2

4 Dangerous Goods Transportation §CAN PROJECT PIECES INJURING PERSONS AND DAMAGING AIRCRAFT. §IT CAN RELEASE TOXIC VAPOUR ON ITS OWN OR COMING IN CONTACT WITH OTHER SUBSTANCES WHICH CAN AFFECT CREW PHYSICALLY AND PSYCHOACTIVELY. §IT CAN REACT WITH AIRCRAFT MATERIAL 3

5 Dangerous Goods Transportation §REFERENCE DOCUMENT §ICAO DOCUMENT 9284-AN/905 PUBLISHED EVERY TWO YEARS DEALS WITH TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE SAFE TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR. 4

6 Dangerous Goods Transportation §CLASSIFICATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS § 1) EXPLOSIVES § 2) GASES § 3) FLAMMABLE LIQUID § 4) FLAMMABLE SOLIDS § 5) OXIDISING SUBSTANCES 5

7 Dangerous Goods Transportation § 6) TOXIC AND INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCE § 7) RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL § 8) CORROSIVES § 9) MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS GOODS 6

8 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITIONS §EXPLOSIVE SUBSTANCE §A SOLID OR LIQUID SUBSTANCE( OR A MIXTURE) WHICH IS IN ITSELF CAPABLE BY CHEMICAL REACTION OF PRODUCING GAS AT A TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE AND AT SUCH A SPEED AS TO CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE SURROUNDING 7

9 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITIONS CONTD § GASES: §A GAS IS A SUBSTANCE WHICH AT 50 0 C HAS A VAPOUR PRESSURE GREATER THAN 300 kPa OR §IS COMPLETELY GASEOUS AT 20 0 C AT A STANDARD PRESSURE OF 101.3 kPa. 8

10 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITIONS: §FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS ARE LIQUIDS OR MIXTURE OF LIQUIDS CONTAINING SOLIDS IN SOLUTION OR SUSPENSION WHICH GIVE OFF A FLAMMABLE VAPOUR AT TEMP. OF NOT MORE THAN 60.5 0 C CLOSED-CUP TEST OR NOT MORE THAN 65.6 0 C OPEN CUP TEST NORMALLY REFERRED TO AS FLASH POINT 9

11 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITIOINS: §FLAMMABLE SOLIDS: SOLIDS WHICH, UNDER CONDITIONS ENCOUNTERED IN TRANSPORT ARE READILY COMBUSTIBLE OR MAY CAUSE OR CONTRIBUTE TO FIRE THROUGH FRICTION; SELF REACTIVE AND RELATED SUBSTANCES WHICH ARE LIABLE TO UNDERGO A STRONGLY EXOTHERMIC REACTION; DESENSITISED EXPLOSIVES WHICH MAY EXPLODE IF NOT DILUTED SUFFICIENTLY 10

12 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITIONS: §FLAMMABLE SOLIDS ……..CONTD. §SUBSTANCES WHICH ARE LIABLE TO SPONTANEOUS HEATING UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS ENCOUNTERED IN TRANSPORT OR TO HEATING UP IN CONTACT WITH AIR, AND BEING THEN LIABLE TO CATCH FIRE 11

13 Dangerous Goods Transportation §FLAMMABLE SOLIDS CONTD. §SUBSTANCES WHICH, IN CONTACT WITH WATER, EMIT FLAMMABLE GASES….. SUBSTANCE WHICH, BY INTERACTION WITH WATER, ARE LIABLE TO BECOME SPONTANEOUSLY FLAMMABLE OR TO GIVE OFF FLAMMABLE GASES IN DANGEROUS QUANTITIES. 12

14 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITIONS §OXDISING SUBSTANCES; §A) SUBSTANCES WHICH IN THEMSELVES NOT NECESSARILY COMBUSTIBLE,MAY GENERALLY, BY YIELDING OXYGEN, CAUSE OR CONTRIBUTE TO THE COMBUSTION OF OTHER MATERIAL. 13

15 §THERMALLY UNSTABLE SUBSTANCES LIKE ORGANIC PEROXIDES WHICH MAY UNDERGO EXOTHERMIC, SELF ACCELERATING DECOMPOSITION. THEY MAY ALSO §BE LIABLE TO EXPLOSIVE DECOMPOSITION §BURN RAPIDLY §BE SENSITIVE TO IMPACT OR FRICTION §REACT DANGEROUSLY WITH OTHER SUBSTANCES §CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE EYES 14 Dangerous Goods Transportation

16 §DEFINITIONS CONTD §TOXIC AND INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES: TOXIC SUBSTANCES: SUBSTANCES LIABLE EITHER TO CAUSE DEATH OR INJURY OR TO HARM HUMAN HEALTH IF SWALLOWED,IF INHALED OR BY SKIN CONTACT. §INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCE: SUBSTANCES KNOWN TO CONTAIN, OR REASONABLY EXPECTED TO CONTAIN, PATHOGENS. 15

17 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITION §RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL: ANY MATERIAL WITH A SPECIFIC ACTIVITY GRATER THAN 70 kBq/Kg.(2 nCi/g) 16

18 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITIONS: §CORROSIVES: SUBSTANCES WHICH, IN THE EVENT OF LEAKAGE, CAN CAUSE SEVERE DAMAGE BY CHEMICAL ACTION WHEN IN CONTACT WITH LIVING TISSUE OR CAN MATERIALLY DAMAGE OTHER FREIGHT OR THE MEANS OF TRANSPORT. 17

19 Dangerous Goods Transportation §DEFINITIONS CONTD §MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS GOODS: ARTICLES AND SUBSTANCES WHICH DURING AIR TRANSPORT PRESENT A DANGER NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES. E.XAMPLE:MAGNETISED MATERIAL, I.C ENGINES,SELF INFLATING LIFE SAVING APPLIANCES(AIR BAGS),BATTERY POWERED EQUIPMENT OR VEHICLE,ASBESTOS,DRY ICE ETC. 18

20 Dangerous Goods Transportation §EVERY POSSIBLE CHEMICAL COMPOUND ORGANIC OR INORGANICHAVE BEEN LISTED IN THE ICAO DOC 9284. AND IDNTIFIED BY A UN No- §THESE UN No.s ARE UNIVERSALLY ACCEPTED SO THAT TRANSPORTATION TO,FROM AND THROUGH ANY COUNTRY IS POSSIBLE WITHOUT CHANGE OF LABEL AND PACKING 19

21 Dangerous Goods Transportation §MANY ITEMS ARE FORBIDDEN BY AIR, AS PER ICAO LISTING. §ON TOP OF THAT, STATE OR INDIVIDUAL AIRLINE MAY HAVE THEIR VARIATION OR SPECIAL OPTION 20

22 Dangerous Goods Transportation §CHAPTER 2-11 IN ICAO DOC 9284 LISTS ALL CHEMICALS PERMITTED BY AIR OR OTHERWISE. THE LIST INCLUDES: §NAME OF CHEMICAL; UN.No. ; CLASS OR DIVISION; SUBSIDIARY RISK; LABELS ; STATE VARIATIONS; SPECIAL PROVISIONS; U.N.PACKING GROUP.; PACKING INSTRUCTION AND MAX.NET QTY PER PACKAGE FOR PAX A/C AND PACKING INSTRUCTION AND MAX NET QTY PER PACKAGE ON CARGO ONLY AIRCRAFT 21

23 Dangerous Goods Transportation §PACKAGING, INCLUDING THEIR CLOSURES,USED FOR THE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS IN ACCEPTED QUANTITIES MUST BE OF GOOD QUALITY. PACKAGING MATERIALWHICH MAY COME INTO CONTACT WITH THE SUBSTANCE OR ARTICLE MUST NOT REACT DANGEROUSLY WITH THE SUBSTANCE OR ARTICLE AND MUST NOT ADVERSELY AFFECT ITS PACKAGING FUNCTIONS. 22

24 Dangerous Goods Transportation §PACKAGING IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR.IT MAKES OTHERWISE DANGEROUS GOOD TRANSPORTABLE. §PACKAGING CAN BE COMBINATION OR SINGLE. §MATERIAL OF CONTAINER CAN BE DIFFERENT.EACH PACKAGE HAS A DESIGN CODE AND HAS TO MEET RIGOROUS TEST REQUIREMENT INCLUDING DROP TEST 23

25 Dangerous Goods Transportation §CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOOD BY AIR NEED SPECIAL APPROVAL FROM THE AUTHORITY OF CONTROL FOR THE OPERATOR. §PRE REQUISIT FOR APPROVAL IS TRAINING OF PERSONNEL IN EVERY FIELD OF AVIATION 24

26 Dangerous Goods Transportation §FOLLOWING STAFF MEMBERS SHOULD BE TRAINED: §SHIPPERS AND THEIR AGENTS §PACKERS. §CARGO ACCEPTING PERSONNEL / APPROVED AGENTS. §SECURITY PERSONNEL SCREENING BAGGAGE §LOAD PLANNERS CONTD 25

27 Dangerous Goods Transportation §BAGGAGE HANDLERS AT STORES,TARMAC AND AIRCRAFT §PERSONNEL AT CHECK IN COUNTERS §FLIGHT CREW §CABIN ATTENDANTS. 26

28 Dangerous Goods Transportation IN CASE OF DANGEROUS GOODS IGNORANCE IS NO BLISS COMPLETE KNOWLEDGE AND METICULOUS OBSERVANCE OF PROCEDURE CAN PREVENT UNTOWARD INCIDENT IN AIR. 27

29 Dangerous Goods Transportation §IN CASE OF SPILLAGE, BREAKAGE OR LEAKAGE FOLLOW ICAO DOC 9481-AN /928 EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDANCE FOR AIRCRAFT INCIDENTS INVOLVING DANGEROUS GOODS ALLOWABLE DANGEROUS GOODS ARE NOT DANGEROUS WHEN CARRIED IN RECOMMENDED PACKAGE IN ACCEPTED QUANTITY. 28

30 Dangerous Goods Transportation §COMMONLY CARRIED ITEMS FALLING UNDER DANGEROUS GOODS LIST §KEROSENE §FERTILISER §CHARGED AND FILLED BATTERY. §DAMAGED TIRE FULLY INFLATED §TIRE INFLATED BEYOND NORMAL PRESSURE 29

31 Dangerous Goods Transportation §OXYGEN GENERATORS §PRESSURISED VESSELS LIKE SPARE OXYGEN/ FIRE EXTINGUISHER BOTTLE §SQUIBS / IGNITERS 30

32 Dangerous Goods Transportation §IN CASE OF SPILLAGE IN CARGO HOLD IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CARGO BY LABEL AND UN No. §HANDLE ONLY AS PER DRILL GIVEN IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDANCE …ICAO DOCUMENT 9481. §INCASE OF SPILLAGE OF DRY POWDER DO NOT BLOW COMPRESSED AIR 31

33 Dangerous Goods Transportation §WHEN IN DOUBT TAKE IT OUT 32

34 Dangerous Goods Transportation THANK YOU


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