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Presentation on theme: " Aspects of Chemical Laboratory Safety Materials Engineering OHSE Induction to Chemical Use Doug Rash Convenor Zone 13 (School of Chemistry)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Aspects of Chemical Laboratory Safety Materials Engineering OHSE Induction to Chemical Use Doug Rash Convenor Zone 13 (School of Chemistry) Deputy Safety Officer and Environmental Officer

2 2 Some basic laboratory safety rules Do NOT consume food or drink (includes water) in laboratories Safety Glasses MUST be worn in laboratories where chemicals are stored or are in use Wear closed in footwear Do not run in laboratories or corridors Tie back/contain long hair, loose clothing and accessories

3 3 Aspects of chemical laboratory safety Understand the properties of materials Ensure labelling is correct and adequate Ensure correct storage, handling and use of chemicals Make proper use of fume-cupboards Ensure good housekeeping is maintained Prepare for spill management Conduct good chemical waste disposal practices

4 4 PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) give you lots of information about the materials (chemicals) you plan to use. Make sure you understand the key features

5 5 Dangerous Goods and Hazardous Substances Chemicals are best classified by dangerous goods class. Dangerous Goods are those reflecting the physico-chemical properties; acute and immediate effects mostly to property (e.g. explosion, fire, corrosion).

6 6

7 7 Dangerous Goods The Physico-Chemical properties we use to DO chemistry are what makes something a Dangerous Good The volatility and flammability of a low molecular weight hydrocarbon solvent The corrosivity of Hydrochloric Acid The toxicity of Mercury compounds

8 8 Example - Flammable Liquid Diethyl Ether Diethyl ether (C 2 H 5 0C 2 H 5 ) is a very flammable liquid (bp 34.6), a low flash point (-45) and a dense vapour (2.56). These characteristics are the main reason diethyl ether is a dangerous good It is in packaging group 1 i.e. a high level of danger

9 9 Acids and Bases Corrosivity; generally corrosion to metals and other materials. Corrosion of the skin can also occur and these effects vary depending on the acid or base concerned. Acids and bases are class 8 Dangerous Goods

10 10 Corrosion

11 11 Example Nitric acid Nitric Acid (HNO3) is a corrosive liquid, an oxidising and nitrating agent. It is a Dangerous Good class 8 (corrosive). It has a subsidiary class of 5.1(oxidising agent)

12 12 Example - Ammonia Ammonia gas (NH 3 ) anhydrous is a toxic gas that is a class 2.3 dangerous good. It also has a subsidiary risk for being corrosive and therefore can also be designated class 8 Ammonia solution is a class 8 dangerous good due to its corrosivity

13 13 Hazards posed by powders Generally, the smaller the particle size of solids, the greater the hazard Nano particles are under international review in relation to their hazardous nature As mentioned with Dangerous Goods, a coarse material reduced to a powder can change it from being harmless to being a significant hazard e.g. Iron, Wheat, Sugar

14 14 Incompatibilities The physico-chemical behaviour (reactivity) of dangerous goods causes some classes to be incompatible with others It is this very reactivity which allows us to undertake chemical processes Care must be taken to separate goods which may react with each other during storage and transport

15 15 Example - Class 5.1 and Class3 Class 5.1 materials are oxidizing agents and react with many class 3 materials, sometimes vigorously causing fires.(e.g. Potassium Nitrate) Class 3 materials are flammable liquids and are often used as fuels. (e.g. Ethanol) It is this reactivity ( the chemical properties of the materials) that allows us to do chemistry, however it is the reason (incompatibility) we do not store and transport such materials in close proximity

16 16 Hazardous Substances Having the potential to harm human health Hazardous Substances are subject to the controls of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations 2007 Part 4.1 Hazardous Substances

17 17 Example - Benzene Benzene is a highly volatile solvent and chemical feedstock (reagent) for a number of polymers, especially styrene production It is a class 3 dangerous good but is also a toxic material and a scheduled Carcinogen. It has a subsidiary class of 6.1

18 18 LABELLING All containers of hazardous substances must be labelled with: Product name Name, address, phone no. of Australian manufacturer or importer Ingredients, if applicable HAZARDOUS or words that indicate the severity of the hazard, eg dangerous poison, warning, caution

19 19 Labelling of decanted substances A container into which a hazardous substance is decanted must be labelled unless: –the substance is used immediately, –the container is cleaned or the contents rendered non-hazardous The unlabelled container must not be left unattended

20 20 Labelling - guessing game 1

21 21 Labelling - guessing game 2

22 22 STORAGE, HANDLING AND USE See local OHSE requirements and AS/NZS 2243.10 Laboratories have load limits for Dangerous Goods set by Monash policy and these should be adhered to (e.g. 100L class 3 flammable liquid)

23 23

24 24 Shelf life of Chemicals Chemicals have differing shelf lives; mixtures such as etchants and standard solutions should be dated, clearly labelled and disposed of in accordance with local safety rules

25 25 Chemical containers The material the chemical is stored in can impact on its shelf life; plastic containers generally should be considered to have reduced integrity after say 3 years for solids

26 26 Chemical containers

27 27 Chemical storage in refrigerators

28 28 Ventilated storage cabinet (strong odours)

29 29 The need for eye protection (especially when handling chemicals)

30 30 FUMECUPBOARDS A fume cupboard is a piece of laboratory equipment designed to protect the individual from exposure It should be kept clean and well maintained and NOT used as a storage area

31 31 Fume cupboard

32 32 Temporary storage of chemicals!

33 33 HOUSEKEEPING Keep benches clean and tidy Clean up after each stage of an operation and rinse apparatus containing harmful chemicals Return all reagents, equipment and glassware not in use to their proper place in a clean condition Clean up any spill immediately, using a suitable procedure for that substance

34 34 Cluttered bench

35 35 Uncluttered bench

36 36 SPILL MANAGEMENT Spill Response/Management depends on the material in question, its physical form and the relative amount Again, the Risk Assessment should have considered this Monash OHSE have provided all areas using chemicals with spill kits

37 37 Spill kit and Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

38 38 Eye Wash

39 39 CHEMICAL WASTE DISPOSAL Ensure all waste is placed in properly labelled containers and that incompatible materials are not placed in these – there have been unfortunate incidents resulting from this! Have waste removed from site regularly and count it as a Dangerous Good

40 40 Waste in correctly labelled container

41 41 Badly labelled waste

42 42 Environmental Issues Discharges to drain Discharges to air General waste Reduce Reuse Recycle

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