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1 Immediately following this training you will be given a ten question assessment quiz.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Immediately following this training you will be given a ten question assessment quiz."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1 Immediately following this training you will be given a ten question assessment quiz.

3 2 CHEMICAL STORAGE AREA

4 3 Topics Chemical Procurement Chemical Storage Chemical Transporting Chemical Manipulation Chemical Disposal/Recycling

5 4 Chemical Procurement

6 5 Before chemicals are ordered, the following questions should be considered: Before chemicals are ordered, the following questions should be considered: What is the minimum quantity needed to complete the experiment? Chemical Procurement What is the least hazardous chemical available that can be used? Is the chemical already available? Check with me for chemical inventory. How should the chemical be stored? Is the laboratory equipped to handle a spill? Spill kits are in each lab. Are personnel trained on how to safely handle the chemical? CHEMICAL STORAGE AREA

7 6 Chemical Storage

8 7 This section will first discuss general considerations and requirements for chemical storage. Next, it will provide specific information for the storage of chemicals by hazard class. Chemical Storage

9 8 There must be an inventory list of hazardous chemicals as defined in section 6.2 of the University Chemical Hygiene Plan. There must be an inventory list of hazardous chemicals as defined in section 6.2 of the University Chemical Hygiene Plan.6.2 Chemical containers must be labeled with a minimum of chemical name, hazard warnings and target organs. Chemical containers must be labeled with a minimum of chemical name, hazard warnings and target organs. Containers shall be dated when received and opened. Containers shall be dated when received and opened. Accompanying material safety data sheets must be kept. Chemical Storage- Requirements

10 9 Chemical Storage Plan ahead for spills, accidents or emergencies. Be aware of special storage conditions such as temperature, relative humidity or limited shelf life. Segregate chemicals by hazard class or compatibility. General Considerations:

11 10 If available, use ventilated cabinets for volatile toxics and odoriferous chemicals. Use approved flammable storage cabinets for flammable liquids. Use secondary containers or trays for corrosives and toxic solvents. Chemical Storage General Considerations:

12 11 When refrigerating flammables, only use refrigerators specifically designed for flammable materials. Do not store food in chemical storage refrigerators. Label chemical storage refrigerators with the following: No Food – Chemical Storage Only Chemical Storage General Considerations:

13 12 Avoid storing liquid chemicals above eye level. Avoid storing chemicals in aisle ways. Avoid over stocking shelves. Avoid storing heavy containers above shoulder level. Avoid storing chemicals in fume hoods or on counter tops. Avoid storing chemicals near sources of heat or in direct sunshine. Chemical Storage General Considerations:

14 13 At a minimum, chemicals should be segregated as: At a minimum, chemicals should be segregated as: Chemical Storage – Hazard Class Corrosives Flammable Liquids Oxidizers Poisons or Toxic Chemicals Reactive (water or time sensitive)

15 14 Store concentrated acids and bases separately. Keep corrosives away from organic chemicals and combustible materials. Use secondary catch basins for concentrated acids and bases. Chemical Storage – Corrsives Chemical Storage – Corrosives OH - H+H+H+H+

16 15 The Ohio Fire Code regulates storage based on occupancy, classification, building construction, availability of flammable storage cabinets, quantities and location of the laboratory. Appendix J of the chemical hygiene plan provides a summary of the fire codes. Contact the Department of Public Safety (7-6300) for assistance with the interpretation of the fire codes. The Ohio Fire Code regulates storage based on occupancy, classification, building construction, availability of flammable storage cabinets, quantities and location of the laboratory. Appendix J of the chemical hygiene plan provides a summary of the fire codes. Contact the Department of Public Safety (7-6300) for assistance with the interpretation of the fire codes.Appendix J Department of Public SafetyAppendix J Department of Public Safety Chemical Storage –

17 16 As a general rule of thumb, no more than 10 gallons of flammable liquids should be stored outside of an approved flammable storage cabinet. Hospital patient areas are typically much less (1 to 2 gallons). See tables 2 and 3 of the chemical hygiene plan for additional information on flammable liquids Chemical Storage – Flammable Liquids

18 17 Store oxidizers away from flammable and combustible materials. Store oxidizers away from reducing agents. Maintain the minimum quantity needed and dispose of unneeded material immediately. See table 12 of the chemical hygiene plan for a partial list of oxidizers. 12 Chemical Storage – xidizers

19 18 Store highly toxic materials in a dedicated storage fume hood. Maintain the minimum quantity needed and dispose of unneeded material immediately. Store in unbreakable containers or use secondary containers. Label storage areas with designated area signs. See tables 9, 10, 11 and 13 of the chemical hygiene plan for partial lists of toxic chemicals, carcinogens and reproductive toxins Chemical Storage – To ic Chemicals

20 19 Examples of reactive chemicals would include, but not be limited to: Chemical Storage – Reactive Water reactive chemicals. See tables 5, 6 and 7 of the chemical hygiene plan for partial lists of reactive chemicals Pyrophors, which react with air. Peroxide forming chemicals, which form shock sensitive explosives. ETHER

21 20 Consult the MSDS and labels for storage information. Bring only quantities needed for immediate use into the laboratory. Date all reactive chemicals as soon as they are received. Do not open material after the expiration date. Chemical Storage – Reactive

22 21 Store pyrophoric chemicals away from flammables. Store perchloric acid away from reducing agents. Store perchloric acid bottles in glass or ceramic trays. Store peroxidizable materials away from heat and light. Chemical Storage – Reactive

23 22 Store water reactive chemicals away from all sources of water or in water tight containers. Store thermally unstable chemicals in approved refrigerators. Consider explosion relief boxes for highly sensitive materials. Restrict access to the storage area. Chemical Storage – Reactive

24 23 Chemical Transporting

25 24 If chemicals are transferred to a second container, make sure the new container is labeled with the chemical name. Use secondary containers, with handles, made of rubber, plastic or metal. Secondary containers should be large enough to contain all of the chemical contents. Transporting Chemicals

26 25 Make sure the pathway is clear of obstructions and tripping hazards. Plan ahead for spills. Transport only the quantity needed to complete the experiment. Use sturdy carts when transporting heavy containers or transporting over long distances. Transporting Chemicals

27 26 Chemical Manipulation

28 27 Be familiar with chemical properties and products of chemical reactions. Be prepared for chemical spills and clean up spills immediately. Plan ahead – have apparatus and associated equipment ready before chemicals are used. Use the appropriate equipment, such as funnels, beakers and spatulas when transferring chemicals. Chemical Manipulation

29 28 Use chemical fume hoods to control exposure as chemicals are transferred. Use chemical fume hoods to control exposure during the experiment. Wear the appropriate personal protective equipment (chemical splash goggles, gloves, etc.). Have disposal containers ready ahead of time. Chemical Manipulation

30 29 Chemical Disposal & Recycling Recycling

31 30 University policies and procedures and services: Chemical Disp sal and Recycling Chemical Management Guidebook Chemical Management Guidebook Waste Minimization Handbook On-line Chemical Disposal Request

32 31 For further information or assistance, contact the Office of Environmental Health and Safety at or visit our website: Chemical Safety Environmental Health & Safety Environmental Health & SafetyEHS

33 32 Chemical Safety TRAINING Training Chemical Hygiene Plan Chemical Hygiene PlanCHP Table 1: Chemical Incompatibilities Table 1: Chemical Incompatibilities Table 1

34 33 For Questions call: For Questions call: or questions to: or questions to: Click below to begin assessment quiz: The End ? Mitch Baker

35 34 Before purchasing new chemicals you should? A. Check to see if chemical is already available. B. Determine the minimum quantity needed. C. Search for a less hazardous substitute. D. All the above.

36 35 The OSU chemical hygiene plan requires? A. Inventory list of hazardous chemicals. B. Labels C. Requires chemicals to be dated when opened and received. D. All the above

37 36 Chemicals should be stored? A. Alphabetically B. By hazard class or compatibility. C. In the chemical fume hood. D. Randomly

38 37 Devices used to store chemicals include? A. Flammable storage cabinets. B. Specially designed refrigerators. C. Laboratory drawers. D. Both A & B

39 38 Chemicals can be segregated as? A. Corrosives B. Flammable Liquids C. Oxidizers D. All the above.

40 39 Acids and bases should be stored together? A. True B. False

41 40 Which is an example of a reactive chemical? A. Ethyl Ether B. Benzene C. Sodium D. Both A & C

42 41 Chemical storage information can be found in? A. MSDS B. Labels C. Dictionary D. Both A & B

43 42 An example of a secondary container is? A. Plastic Tray B. Glass Beaker C. Rubber Pail D. All the above.

44 43 Chemical fume hoods can be used to control exposure. A. True B. False

45 44 Click here to receive certificate: 1. All the above (D). 6. False (B) 2. All the above (D). 7. Both A & C (D) 3. By hazard class or compatibility(B). 8. Both A & B (D) 4. Both A & B (D) 9. All the above (D) 5. All the above (D) 10. False (B) Answer Key


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