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SEARCH FOR GOLD. Seven Cities of Gold A Spanish legend described the Seven Cities of Gold Cabeza de Vaca even reported that he saw signs of gold in the.

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Presentation on theme: "SEARCH FOR GOLD. Seven Cities of Gold A Spanish legend described the Seven Cities of Gold Cabeza de Vaca even reported that he saw signs of gold in the."— Presentation transcript:

1 SEARCH FOR GOLD

2 Seven Cities of Gold A Spanish legend described the Seven Cities of Gold Cabeza de Vaca even reported that he saw signs of gold in the mountains This report excited the viceroy or royal governor of New Spain

3 Fray Marcos de Niza Fray Marcos was the explorer first sent by the Viceroy of New Spain to find the lost cities of gold Viceroy- royal governor of New Spain Because Estevanico knew the land, he was de Nizas guide, and he dressed like a healer Some 300 Mexican Indians went to provide protection

4 Cibola!!!! Fray Marcos received word that Estevanico had seen a large city As he went along he saw the advance group fleeing and they said that the people in the Golden city had killed Estevanico Fray Marcos reported to Mexico City that he had found Cibola or seven wealthy cities in what is now New Mexico. Another expedition got under way to claim the treasure in those cities

5 Search for Cibola To conquer Cibola the Spanish organized a large force 300 Soldiers Several religious officials 1,0000 Mexican Indians Cattle, sheep, and horses Fray Marcos served as a guide Set off in April 1540

6 Fray Marcos de Niza Goals Find the lost cities of gold Result Because Estevanico knew the land, he was de Nizas guide, and he dressed like a healer. He was killed by the Zuni Pueblo Fray Marcos received word that Estevanico had seen a large city Fray Marcos reported to Mexico City that he had found Cibola or seven wealthy cities, The city was actually the adobe houses of the Zuni Pueblo

7 Coronado Francisco Vasquez de Coronado commanded this force He wore gold-plated armor, steel helmet with bright feathers and rode a stallion

8 Gold……… When Coronado reached the city that Fray Marcos had described he was met by Zuni Indians Short battle took place What Fray Marcos had thought were wealthy cities were villages of the Zuni Pueblo. They searched the pueblo city and found no gold or silver Coronado was disgraced and sent Fray Marcos back to Mexico City

9 Turk Disappointed Coronado sent groups out to explore and search for treasure He sent out several groups and his group stayed with the Tiguex Indians There he met Turk, who told tales of Quivira, another city of gold Many of the Spaniards doubted this story Yet Coronado thought it was worth the risk

10 The Journey Guided by Turk, Coronado set out in search of Quivira in 1541 Along the journey they saw their first buffalo and met many Indians They moved through the Cap rock Escarpment and the Palo Duro Canyon They finally made it to Quivira near now Wichita, Kansas

11 Gold…… At Quivira they saw no gold, they found grass huts and corn Turk then explained why he lied to them and Coronado had him killed Coronado returned to Mexico City in 1542 and noted that the buffalo could be a valuable resource to the Spanish FAILED

12 Coronado Goal to conquer Cibola Result Fray Marcos will serve as a guide When Coronado reached the city that Fray Marcos had described he was met by Zuni Indians What Fray Marcos had thought were wealthy cities were villages of the Zuni Pueblo. NO GOLD FOUND He then is told by an Indian guide Turk where the gold is. Turk is wrong and is killed after a pointless search for gold Coronado returned to Mexico with no gold but reported that the buffalo would make a good resource

13 Hernando De Soto Goals sought Cibola from the east Results He had 600 soldiers and landed on the Florida coast in 1539 spent two years exploring Florida and what is now the southeastern United States May 1542 he died of fever

14 Moscoso Goals Get back to Mexico City Results Because they had yet to find treasure he decided to go back to Mexico City He went to East Texas and met the Caddo Starving and desperate they went to the Mississippi River and build small boats to sail back When he returned he described the Texas land and some black gold that he came across first explored East Texas

15 Juan de Onate Goal Settle and govern a colony called New Mexico Result Led more than 500 colonists He claimed the Rio Grande river for Spain They built the first Spanish settlement in New Mexico He journeyed north in hope of finding the golden city of Quivera

16 Journal #3 Describe your expeditions first encounter with and Indian tribe in Texas


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