Presentation on theme: "A Study of the Efficacy of Project Based Learning in Database Design"— Presentation transcript:
1A Study of the Efficacy of Project Based Learning in Database Design Saisunee JabjoneNakhonratchasima Rajabhat University
2Why Project base learning? Tell me—and I will forget.Show me—and I may remember.Involve me—and I will understand.Confucius (450 B.C.)
3Involve Me and I Will Understand Average Retention Rate5%10%20%30%50%75%90%From: National Training Laboratories, Bethel Maine
4Why Project base learning? Student could not analysis anddesign the real world project.
5What is Project-Based Learning? Students actively engaged in learningTeachers as facilitators and coaches
6Characteristics of PBL Organizes standards-based curriculum around a meaningful open-ended problem or project with more than one approach or answerEncourages active inquiry and higher-order thinking skillsEngages students as stakeholdersCreates a learning environment where teachers coach, guide inquiry and facilitate deeper levels of understandingConcludes with realistic products
7Project Based Learning emphasizes learning activities that are:student-centeredThey become the problem solver, decisions maker, investigator, documentarianThey take on the role of those working in a particular disciplinelong-termProjects can be a variety of lengthsWhat they are not is one-day teacher centered lessonsintegrated with real world issues and practices and have compelling questionsSignificance beyond the classroom walls
8Project Based Learning Develops real world skillsmany of the skills are those desired by today's employer such as:the ability to work well with othersmake thoughtful decisionstake initiativesolve complex problems.Allows for a variety of learning stylesaccessible for all learners
9The Students Move from following orders . . to carrying out self-directed learning activitiesfrom memorizing and repeating. . To discovering, integrating and presentingfrom listening and reacting. . To communicating and taking responsibility
10The Students Move from knowledge of facts, terms and content . . to understanding processesfrom theory. . to application of theoryfrom teacher dependent. . to empowered
12ObjectiveTo investigate the effectiveness of project-based learning in database subject
1350 IT students who enrolled in Database subject Methodology50 IT students who enrolled in Database subjectAnalysis and conceptual designEntity Relationship Diagram (ERD)II. Relational database mappingRelational scheme and normalizationIII. Database implementationApplicationProblem Definition andProject ObjectivePresentation and documentationRisks to teachersUneasy because not knowledgeable about contentOpen ended nature – no right answers can be threateningCan be faulted for not finishing curriculumRisks with giving up control – students may not participate, students can get out of control, students may have trouble with HOTS or open – ended questionsBarriersTakes a lot of preparation timeResources not availableLack of administrative support and support from other teachersMandate to cover curriculumMandated standardized testValid assessment is complex and difficult
17Results more experience in analysis (84.62%) collaborate with colleagues on solving common tasks (53.85%)more exchange and discussion (84.62%)However, they have far less experience with find the learning resource(only 23.07% are familiar with learning by themself) and using the Internetto find peers for solving problems (only 38.46% answered positively).Majority of them (53.85%) reported that they have learned as effectivelyas in traditional way, and 30.77% reported that they have learned more thanin traditional way.
18ConclusionProject-based learning helps students develop skills for living in a knowledge-based, highly technological society.Students make effective use of IT as they produce a product, presentation, or performanceIT is integrated into the learning – students are NOT learning IT skills in isolationtechnology is used to promote critical thinking and communicationThese 21st Century skills include:personal and social responsibilityplanning, critical thinking, reasoning, and creativitystrong communication skills, both for interpersonal and presentation needscross-cultural understandingvisualizing and decision-makingknowing how and when to use technology and choosing the most appropriate tool for the taskThe old-school model of passively learning facts and reciting them out of context is no longer sufficient to prepare students to survive in today's world. Solving highly complex problems requires that students have both fundamental skills (reading, writing, and math) and Digital Age skills (teamwork, problem solving, research gathering, time management, information synthesizing, utilizing high-tech tools). With this combination of skills students become directors and managers of their learning process, guided and mentored by a skilled teacher.By bringing real-life context and technology to the curriculum through a project-based learning approach, students are encouraged to become independent workers, critical thinkers, and lifelong learners.