Make a list of all the things you know or think you know about the Medieval Period, otherwise known as the Middle Ages.
List at least three details that you learned yesterday about Geoffrey Chaucer.
One way to understand old texts like The Canterbury Tales is to paraphrase, or restate complex sentences in your own words. When you paraphrase text, you make it simpler and easier to comprehend.
1. On your own paraphrase your assigned line numbers. 2. Share you paraphrase with your group members. 3. As a group, create a three- sentence summary of lines 1-42 of The Prologue. Sign your names to the summary to show that you agree with what was written.
The process by which a writer reveals the personality of a character.
Two methods: Indirect characterization Direct characterization
1. Physical description of the character She wore a blue gingham dress, rimmed at throat and shoulders with a white edging that accentuated her tan…she was arrestingly beautiful. (Description of Judy in Winter Dreams)
2. Presentation of the characters own actions, words, thoughts, and feelings Im more beautiful than anybody else,…why cant I be happy? (Judy in Winter Dreams)
3. Presentation of the actions, words, thoughts, and feelings of other characters in relation to that person. My God, shes a good-looking girl! Good-looking! She always looks as if she wanted to be kissed! Turning those big cow-eyes on every calf in town. (Mr. Sandalwood and Mr. Hedrick talking about Judy in Winter Dreams)
1. The narrators own direct comments about that character. Whatever Judy wanted, she went after with the full pressure of her charm…She simply made men conscious to the highest degree of her physical loveliness. (Narrators comments about Judy in Winter Dreams)
Copy the following chart into your notes and leave room to add to it. Characters Name or Position Physical Appearance Examples of Thought, Speech, Actions Narrators Direct Comments Knight Squire
Write a paragraph identifying which humor(s) is/are most prevalent in you and explaining why you believe this is so.
Add the humors to your Characterization Chart for the Knight, the Squire, the Yeoman, and the Prioress. This can be written under the name.
The character or voice that relates the storys events to the reader.
The perspective from which events in a story or novel are told.
The narrator is a character in the work who tells everything in his or her own words. Use pronouns I, me, and my.
The narrator is a voice outside of the action, not one of the characters Use pronouns he, she, and they.
The narrator is an all-knowing, objective observer. Stands outside the action and reports what different characters are thinking. Use pronouns he, she, and they.
The narrator stands outside the action and focuses on one characters thoughts, observations, and feelings. Use pronouns he, she, and they.
Which type of point of view is used in The Prologue? How do you know?
1. Pride: excessive belief in one's own abilities, that interferes with the individual's recognition of the grace of God. It has been called the sin from which all others arise. Pride is also known as Vanity.
2. Envy: the desire for others' traits, status, abilities, or situation. 3. Gluttony: an inordinate desire to consume more than that which one requires.
4. Lust: an inordinate craving for the pleasures of the body. 5. Anger: manifested in the individual who spurns love and opts instead for fury. It is also known as Wrath.
6. Greed: the desire for material wealth or gain, ignoring the realm of the spiritual. It is also called Avarice or Covetousness. 7. Sloth: the avoidance of physical or spiritual work.
Use what you know about the characters to determine which sin or sins they have.
1. Humility: being humble or having a modest opinion of ones own importance. Worked against Pride. 2. Kindness: being kind; showing compassion Worked against Envy. 3. Abstinence: self-restraint or self- denial. Worked against Gluttony.
4. Chastity: being chaste or pure; virginity. Worked against Lust. 5. Patience: being patient; not losing ones temper at an annoyance. Worked against Anger.
6. Liberality: being liberal in giving; generous. Worked against Greed. 7. Diligence: steady and earnest effort to accomplish a task. Worked against Sloth.
What do you like or dislike about your character and why?
What distinguishes the characters Chaucer likes from those he doesnt like?
Do you think there are people today who are similar to the characters in the Prologue? Why or why not?
What elements does a story/tale have to contain in order for you to think it is good? Why are these elements necessary?
1. Choose a partner. 2. Working together, paraphrase lines 810-821. Remember, we are paraphrasing, not summarizing. 3.When you are done, choose one other pair. Share your paraphrases and come to a consensus on which you believe is the best.
What two elements does the Host set forth as the basis for the best tale? Do you agree or disagree? Why?