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Cycling through Black History The Massachusetts African-American Heritage Bicycling Route Network A network of 10 to 400-mile bicycling routes that will.

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Presentation on theme: "Cycling through Black History The Massachusetts African-American Heritage Bicycling Route Network A network of 10 to 400-mile bicycling routes that will."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cycling through Black History The Massachusetts African-American Heritage Bicycling Route Network A network of 10 to 400-mile bicycling routes that will guide individuals, families and groups on a journey through the places that show the rich African-American history of Massachusetts; developed through partnerships with local communities and organizations. Rewards: –Education –Celebration –Adventure –Tourism –Health

2 Schematic Map of the Major Road Routes for Biking to Visit AA-Heritage Sites, and Ferry System

3 What do we do (Draft)? Link together known A-A heritage sites in a larger bicycle-friendly road route and rail-trail map of Massachusetts Stimulate and receive information on new A-A heritage sites from local historical and biking groups Link this new information to the existing road route structure, creating new loops and spurs

4 What else to we do (Draft)? Provide web-based –Cue sheets for biking –Historical detail about sites –Pictures –Music –Podcasts –Links to other states routes –Possible alternate routes for drivers –Links to services to bicyclists along the road, B&Bs, bike shops etc.

5 What sites/routes now exist? Marthas Vineyard New Bedford Nantucket Upper Housatonic Northampton Boston Cambridge Worcester county

6 Marthas Vineyard

7 New Bedford

8 Florence (Northampton)

9 Boston

10 Nantucket

11 Upper Housatonic Region – Western MA

12 Worcester County Routes under construction Worcester Leicester Southbridge

13 New England and Beyond Portsmouth NH Portland ME Woonsocket RI Last Green Valley CT Upper Housatonic (CT part) Vermont Underground Railroad Route – Mobile AL to Canada – Adventure Cycling

14 Last Green Valley, CT. Prudence Crandall, Samuel May and other sites

15 Portsmouth, NH

16 Other Initiatives – Adventure Cycling UGRR Trail Mobile to Canada

17 Inaugural Annual Ride and Celebration West Medford – Arlington - Bedford - Concord Under construction – target: Spring, 2009 West Medford – –Slave wall –Royall House –William Overton home East Arlington – Prince Hall Cemetery Arlington (Menotomy) – –Thomas Ferrit, (Mulatto Natick Praying Indian); Cuff Whittemore; David Lamson Lexington Town Green – Prince Estabrook Bedford Old Burial Ground - Cambridge Moore, Caesar Prescott and Caesar Jones Concord – Peter Salem

18 Slave Wall, West Medford

19 36 Jerome Street, West Medford, home of William Overton, host to Riverside Cycle Club, 1893

20 Prince Hall Cemetery, East Arlington

21 Menotomy (Arlington)

22 Our member, Mabray Andrews, at Bedford Old Burial Ground, marker listing Cambridge Moore, Caesar Prescott and Caesar Jones

23 Members Arlen Hall, Mary Collins and Larry Finison with Charles Price as Prince Estabrook, near Lexington Town Green

24 Cycling through Black History and Black Cycling History Although this is not our major focus, the story is not complete without attention to a special part of black history – black cycling history.

25 Colored Bike Clubs in MA, circa 1890s Riverside Club– Cambridge/Boston weve identified about 30 members by name Albion Club– Worcester, and possibly a clubhouse in Woonsocket RI –Major Taylor –Bert Hazard –Bert Williams Douglass Club– Worcester –Major Taylor –George Brown –Benjamin Walker and at least 8 others

26 Logo of the Riverside Cycle Club, circa Clubhouse on Main Street Cambridge

27 Riverside Club Members and Associates, circa 1890s J.D.AllsonJoseph G.Holmes JamesAndersonCharles W.Johnson T.A.ArmstrongGeo. C.Lewis T.E.BowserH.Mechins John W.BowserGeorgeMercer James H.ConoverWilliam H.Nott (Knot?) HarryConoverWilliamOverton WilliamCruckendelWilliamPeters EdwardDandildge?N.F.Saunders OliverDobsonBudSeldom LeonardGordonW.A.Smith HoraceGouldJamesSmith W.R.GrantA.E.Somerset W.H.HamiltonRobertTeamoh JohnHannahJohn O.Turner William A.HayesRichardWashington J.W.HillWillis A.West R.Williams

28 Riverside Cycle Club At the annual meeting of the Riverside Cycle Club has elected the following officers for this year: T.E. Bowser pres, W.H. Hamilton vice pres, Geo.C. Lewis secy, W.A. Smith treas, J. Anderson capt, W.A. Smith 1st lieut. C.W. Johnson 2nd lieut, W.A. Smith bugler, J.D. Allson color bearer, N.F. Saunders reporter. The club intends to give a few socials next month. Boston Globe, January 14, 1894 p. 9

29 The Riversides The second annual race of the Riverside Cycle Club composed of young colored riders, yesterday afternoon at the Back Bay, was a success. It was 4:30 when the first race was called. The course started from the fens, ran out to the reservoir and return. Sixteen contestants lined up and were started. The judges [included] Robert T. Teamoh [Teamoh was a member of the Mass. House of Representatives, and responsible for introducing and getting passage of a resolution denouncing the League of American Wheelmens color bar of 1984]…. In the evening a reception was held at the rooms of the club on Main St. Cambridge. Boston Globe August 26, 1894, p 6

30 And integrated clubs too Sandersdale Sunday Bicycle Club of Southbridge MA. Not much known about this club yet.

31 Sandersdale (Southbridge) Sunday Bicycle Club, circa 1897

32 More of our mystery club

33 Cycling through Black History: Attending Events and Spreading the Word Weve passed out literature at the following events MassBike BikeFest, Concord, August 2007 George Street Challenge, Worcester July 2007 Major Taylor Century, Whitinsville, August, 2007 Moving Together Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Conference, October, 2007 AltWheels Alternative Transportation and Energy Festival, September, 2007 Tribute to Major Taylor, Worcester, May, 2008

34 Members Marva Nathan, David Loutzenheiser and Jan Brown at the MassBike BikeFest, August 2007

35 At MassBikes Bike Fest, August 2007

36 In Honor of the Major Taylor Monument Unveiling at Worcester Public Library, May 21, 2008 Pictures from the event Excerpts microfilm of Major Taylors scrapbook of news clippings from Selected places in MA and New England he trained and raced (we have a copy of the microfilm, and a great student project would be to go through it for additional information)

37 Sculptor Antonio Tobias Courtesy of The Major Taylor Association, Betty Jenewin photo

38 General Dallas C. Brown (Major Taylors grandson) and Edwin Moses at the Major Taylor Monument Dedication, May 21, 2008 Courtesy of the Major Taylor Association. Christine Peterson photo

39 At the unveiling, Greg LeMond, Karen Brown Donovan (an MT great grand-daughter), Lynne Tolman and Robert Nasdor (of the Major Taylor Association), General Dallas C. Brown (Major Taylors grandson), and Edwin Moses Courtesy of the Major Taylor Association, Christine Peterson photo

40 Major Taylor Monument Slide Show See complete slide show at

41 19 th Century Social Biking Clubs and Racing Venues Featuring Major Taylor

42 Boston v Philadelphia, 1897

43 Charles River Park & Westboro

44 Major Taylor wins at Hamden Park, Springfield, 1897

45 Westboro & Cambridge, 1899

46 Charles River Park Velodrome, Where Major Taylor Raced

47 Rigby (So. Portland), Maine

48 Worcester

49 Worcester to Boston and Back with the Douglass Cycle Club, June 1899?

50 Progress to Date Identified and contacted over 60 individuals with information or interest Over 20 individuals who have attended at least one organizational meeting. Identified existing African-American and related routes in all parts of the state and close to Massachusetts border –New Bedford Underground Railroad Trail –African American Heritage Trail of Martha's Vineyard –Black Heritage Trail, Nantucket –Upper Housatonic African American Heritage Trail –Black Heritage Trail, Boston –Cambridge African American Heritage Trail –Portsmouth, NH Black Heritage Trail (spur) –Portland ME sites (spur) –Last Green Valley, CT (spur) –Underground Railroad Trail in Florence (Northampton) –Boston by Bike/Hub on Wheels Underground Railroad Trail Produced a schematic map of possible routes in Massachusetts Established collegial relationships with: –Museum of African American History –Mass-Bike –Major Taylor Association Original historical research accomplished on African American bicycling in the 19th Century Corrected historical errors via letter to the editor of the American Bicyclist to appear soon Begun web site

51 Draft Website pages Comment to

52 Possible Front Page

53

54

55 Contact Us

56 Members and Interested Others Meeting Attendees to Date Marva Nathan Priscilla Douglas Celeste Bernardo Thomas Doughton Mary Collins Karen Spiller Pamela Mason Jan Brown Leslie Harris Jason Harris Jane Bowers Ebi Okara Kevin Brooks Ann Williams Vivian Johnson David Loutzenheiser Mabray Andrews Lee Archung Denise Dabney Arlen Hall Larry Finison Alex Goldfeld Karen Brown Donovan Inaugural Host at Museum of African American History Beverly Morgan-Welch Invited to Meetings and Interested Others Karl Reid Kerry Buckley Anne Lusk Gordon Doty Lee Blake Jeff Robinson Rachel Fletcher Frances Jones-Sneed Abby Atkins James Hornsby Sue Congdon Josh Lehman Maria Finison Dagny Ashley Ajamu Brown Nicole Freedman Peter Lee Beth White Joanne Riley Adelaide Cromwell Denise Castronovo Craig Della Penna Margaret Morrisey

57 Sub Committees Organizational development Website and electronic aids Sites and routes Youth Inaugural event

58 Join us!

59 END


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