Presentation on theme: "HARRIET TUBMAN & THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD BY VENITA R. WILLIAMS."— Presentation transcript:
HARRIET TUBMAN & THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD BY VENITA R. WILLIAMS
THE WOMAN CALLED MOSES Araminta Harriet Ross Born on 1819 or 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland In 1844, she married John Tubman, a free black man In 1849, she escapes to the north In 1850, Harriet Tubman starts rescuing slaves via the Underground Railroad
MOSES CONT….. In 1958 she buys a farm near Auburn, N.Y. She also established the Harriet Tubman home for the elderly She died on March 10, 1913 She was either 93 or 94 years old when she died.
LIFE AS A FUGITIVE Fearing that she would be sold deeper in the south, Harriet ran away. Once she got to the north she decided to help the abolitionist to end slavery. She also became the conductor of the Underground Railroad. She made 19 rescue trips in over 10 years, rescuing over 300 slaves from the southern states, including her 70 year old parents.
FUGITIVE CONT…. She also helped John Brown recruit soldiers for his raid on Harpers Ferry in 1859. She also worked as a nurse, a scout, and a spy for the Union Army during the U. S. Civil War.
How She Succeeded Harriet used disguises such as she posed as a deranged old man, or as an old woman, to avoid suspicion when traveling in slaves states. She carried sleeping powder to stop babies from crying. She always carried a pistol to prevent her charges from backing out once the journey to freedom had begun. She constantly changed her route and her method of operation.
SUCCESS CONT…. The Spiritual Go Down Moses was often used as a signal to let slaves know that she was ready to make another trip. Harriet had a bounty totaling $40,000 on her. She once said On my Underground Railroad, I never ran my train off the track, and I never lost a passenger.
THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD This was a movement to help escaped slaves make their way from the slave-owning southern states up through the northern states, and eventually into Canada. This was accomplished by secretly transporting slaves from one safe house to another, steadily moving north until freedom was secured.
AREAS COVERED The Underground Railroad stretched from Kentucky and Virginia across Ohio & Indiana. In the Northerly direction, it stretched from Maryland, across Pennsylvania & into New York & through New England The Underground Railroad helped over ~ 100,000 slaves escape.
ROCHESTER CITY & AIDS FOR FUGITIVE SLAVES Rochester city and surrounding area played a leading role in the Underground Railroad movement, because it was conveniently located on the Canadian border. Became the last stop for fugitive slaves. Members of the Underground Railroad that aided fugitive slaves were prominent citizens with liberal minded views, Quakers, and ex-slaves, such as Harriet Tubman, who worked to liberate those who where not free. These people often put lanterns in the window as a signal to let slaves no that, that place was a safe-house.
SIGNIFICANT FIGURES & SAFE- HOUSES Harriet Tubman James Fairfieldpretended to be a slave trader. Thomas Garrett-A Quaker business man who helped over 2700 slaves. William Still-former slave who purchase his own freedom & then became an abolitionists Frederick Douglass-African American abolitionist John Parker-Son of a white businessman and a slave; helped over 400 slaves. The Henry Quinby farm David H. Richardsons farm The Warrant farm in Brighton The old Frederick Douglass home near Highland Park A cluster of houses where numerous Quakers lived. That is now the area where the war Memorial building is. Harvey Humphrey estate. *All these stations are located in Rochester.