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BY: Farukh Kohistani and Iva Hoxha 1. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) A virus that damages or destroys the bodys immune system T cells (CD4 lymphocyte).

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Presentation on theme: "BY: Farukh Kohistani and Iva Hoxha 1. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) A virus that damages or destroys the bodys immune system T cells (CD4 lymphocyte)."— Presentation transcript:

1 BY: Farukh Kohistani and Iva Hoxha 1

2 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) A virus that damages or destroys the bodys immune system T cells (CD4 lymphocyte). Acquired Immunedeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) The most advanced stage of HIV infection. 2

3 3

4 A health condition or disease that is greater for one group than the general population. Groups such as: Racial/ethnic groups Gender Age Social economics Residents of rural areas 4

5 HIV/ AIDS began around the early 1980s. There are two strains: HIV 1 and HIV 2. HIV 1/AIDS: May have originated from chimpanzees. HIV 2: Believed to have jumped into us from an African monkey. (Sooty Mangabey) 5

6 33% of diagnosis of HIV in Massachusetts ( ) were African-Americans.(1) African-Americans in Massachusetts impacted by HIV/AIDS at 10 times the level of White Americans.(2) African American women are 38Xs more likely than white women to contract the disease.(3) 1 in 4 of all Massachusetts cases are women >1/2 are African American women.(4) 6

7 Mortality Rate is higher

8 Unprotected sex. Sharing of needles or syringes. Already have a sexually transmitted disease. Not spread through: Sharing Saliva Airborne 8

9 9 7

10 Poverty: Lower-quality health care. Lack of trust in medical system: Cultural differences. Lack of awareness: Significance of screening. STIs: African American women. Imprisonment of African American men: Confinement leads to sexual intercourse with multiple partners. 10 8

11 Worst flu-like illness Fever, chills Headaches Tiredness Swollen lymph node Sores in the mouth Lesions, rashes Unexplained fatigue, rapid weight loss. Profuse night sweats. 11 9

12 Drugs used to halt illness for many years: Antiretrovirals Anti-HIV or Anti-AIDS drugs. NNRTI NRTI PIs Entry of fusion inhibitors. Integrase inhibitors 12 10

13 This disparity is developed because of the lack of awareness, poverty, the lack of trust in the medical field, STIs, and the imprisonment of African American men. It attacks the bodys immune system. It has severe symptoms. There is no cure but, there are drugs to stop any weakening of the immune system. Organizations/ local areas. 13

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15 (1,2)Stone, V. (2004, June 14). Testimony on African Americans and HIV AIDS. Retrieved July 14, 2011, from (3/4)Wright, D. (2011, May 31). In Massachusetts, HIV/AIDS Kills Black Women the Most [HIV African American women]. Retrieved July 14, 2011, from BET website: 05/31/in-massachusetts-hiv- aids-kills-black-women-the-most.html (5) Massachusetts HIV/AIDS Data Fact Sheet; Women at Risk of HIV Infection [HIV AIDS]. (2008, June). Retrieved from Massachusetts Department of Public Health HIV/AIDS website: df (6/7) Massachusetts STD, HIV/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Surveillance Report:200 [HIV AIDS]. (2009). Retrieved July 13, 2011, from Bureau of Infectious Disease Prevention, Response and Services website: (7)Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Infection [HIV AIDS]. (2007, September 17). Retrieved July 17, 2011, from editorial commentary website: https://www.hivma.org/assets/0/18/ 312/924/2EBBC695-9D51- 42E8-BA6E-1004B84C85B2.pdf 15

16 (8)Avert. (2010). HIV AIDS among African Americans. Retrieved July 14, 2011, from Avert website: (9)FLNM. (n.d.). HIV / AIDS: Symptoms diagnosis, prevention and treatment [HIV AIDS]. Retrieved July 14, 2011, from FLMN website: articles/summer09pg13-15.html (10)Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Treatments and Drugs [HIV AIDS ]. Retrieved August 11, 2011, from Mayo Clinic website: aids/DS00005/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs Strodghill, A. G. (2010, June 1). Sad Truth: AIDS Leading Cause Of Death For Mass. Black Women [HIV AIDS]. Retrieved from death-for-mass-black-women/ Danielle, B. (2011, May 31). HIV/AIDS Now Leading Cause of Death For Black Women In Mass [HIV AIDS ]. Retrieved from death-for-black-women-in-mass/ 16


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