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By Peggy Kusi and Mercy Frimpong 1.  Cancer is the loss of ability of the body’s cells to regulate controlled and orderly growth.  Breast Cancer is.

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Presentation on theme: "By Peggy Kusi and Mercy Frimpong 1.  Cancer is the loss of ability of the body’s cells to regulate controlled and orderly growth.  Breast Cancer is."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Peggy Kusi and Mercy Frimpong 1

2  Cancer is the loss of ability of the body’s cells to regulate controlled and orderly growth.  Breast Cancer is the formation of abnormal cells in the breast tissue. 2 Normal(left) cancerous

3 What is a disparity? Why is breast cancer a disparity?  A health disparity is a health condition or disease that is higher for one group than the general population.  African American women have higher mortality rate than other women of different races.  In other words African American women die more from breast cancer. 3

4  “Studies suggest that this disparity is due to African American women being diagnosed with breast cancer at a later stage, and receiving treatment later after diagnosis” (http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/healthdisparities/what_cdc_ is_doing/aamm.htm)http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/healthdisparities/what_cdc_ is_doing/aamm.htm  Black women are more likely to die from this cancer more than other races.  Breast cancer is mostly common in White women but African Americans tend to die more from it more.  Black women have a 37% higher death rate than white women.  The five-year survival rate for breast cancer is 90% in white women and only 77% for black women. 4

5  Age  Weight  Diet and lifestyle  Menstrual and Reproductive  Family and personal history  Nipple discharge  Bone pain  Breast pain and discomfort  Skin ulcers  Swelling of the arm with the side of the developing cancer  Weight loss 5

6 stageSize of tumorLymph nodes have cancer Metastases 0In situNo I<2cmNo IIA2 to 5cmPossibleNo IIB2 to 5 cm >5cm Yes No IIIA>5 cm but hasn’t reached the chest wall YesNo IIIB>5cm and may have reached the chest wall or skin YesNo IVAny sizeYes 6

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9 Mammogram Ultrasound Fine-needle aspiration Core needle biopsy Fine-needle aspiration Excisional biopsy Incisional biopsy 9

10 The graph shows that White women have a higher screening percentage than Black, Asian, Hispanic. 10

11 √ √ The graph shows the mortality rate In African Americans/Black of female breast cancer. 11 Female Breast Cancer Mortality Rates by Race and Ethnicity in Massachusetts:2003-2005

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13  Lack of medical coverage  Barriers to early detection and screening  Unequal access to improvements in cancer treatment may contribute to the survival rate between African American women and White women. 13

14  Chemotherapy  Radiation therapy  Surgery to remove the tumor from the affected site 14

15  Eating a healthy diet  Losing extra weight  Regular exercise  Reducing alcohol use  Quitting smoking 15

16  Increasing knowledge about breast cancer and mammography.  Increasing awareness  Increasing awareness of the low or no-cost mammogram services.  Increasing the number of women who get a mammogram. 16

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18  In conclusion African American women have a higher mortality rate than the general population mainly because of late prognosis  Ways to help the African American community is to educate to community about the awareness of breast cancer and the importance of examinations. 18

19  http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/data/sum maries/massachusetts.htm  http://www.statehealthfacts.org/  http://www.mass.gov/dph/masschip  http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/About- Breast-Cancer/Stages.aspx  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19320967  http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/ disparities/cancer-health-disparities  http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/de tailedguide/breast-cancer-what-is-breast-cancer 19

20  http://komen.healthology.com/breast- cancer/article3490.htm  http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/healthdisparities/w hat_cdc_is_doing/aamm.htm  http://fbhc.org/Patients/BetterHealth/BreastCa ncer/home.html  http://www.bestiary.com/ibc/  http://history.nih.gov/exhibits/genetics/sect2d. htm  http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/facts/bre astcancer.htm 20


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