Presentation on theme: "Presentation to AusAID 31 October 2011 Lara Scott, UNICEF Child Protection Specialist, NYHQ UNICEF in Action in Child Protection - including in emergencies."— Presentation transcript:
Presentation to AusAID 31 October 2011 Lara Scott, UNICEF Child Protection Specialist, NYHQ UNICEF in Action in Child Protection - including in emergencies and on grave violations against children in situations of armed conflict
UNICEF General Child Protection Approach Promoting Social Change Changing attitudes and behaviors that condone violence against children, including stereotypical gender roles and discrimination and social acceptance of corporal punishment, weapons, and harmful practices, such as FGM/C and early marriage Strengthening CP Systems Improving the set of laws, policies, regulations, and services needed across all social sectors – especially social welfare, justice, education and health – to support prevention and response to protection-related risks Strengthening CP in Emergencies Adapting the systems and social change approaches to CP in emergencies and transition context Emphasis on preventing and responding to violence exploitation and abuse rather than on particular categories of children Complements the CCCs Convening and Catalyzing Evidence Building & Knowledge Management
Child Protection in Emergencies … Situations of Armed conflict Situations of Natural disasters Both Situations
Machel study (1996) Appointment of SRSG-CAAC (1997) and SRSG SV (2010) CAAC becomes part of the Security Council agenda (1999) 8 SCRs on CAAC: 1612 (2005),1882 (2009), 1998(2011) SCR on SV: 1888 (2009) and 1960 ( 2010) Child Protection in Emergencies … Main CAAC milestones The work of UNICEF on CAAC in the field and at HQ has been expanding proportionally through these different milestones
SC Resolutions 1612,1882,1998 Security Council Working Group established SG requested to implement the MRM on grave in situations on the annexes of the SGs Annual CAAC MRM country task forces established Maintain dialogue with parties to the conflict Killing and maiming, rape and sexual violence as triggers Stronger emphasis on accountability (Action Plans, Sanctions Committees and call to bring perpetrators to justice) Stronger emphasis on responding to the violations and call on SG to seek necessary resources for response SCR 1612 SCR 1882 SCR 1998 Attacks on schools and hospitals added as a trigger Re-emphasised need for accountability and expanded Action Plans Re-emphasised need for adequate funding for CAAC programmes
Burundi Chad DRC Myanmar Nepal Philippines Somalia Sri Lanka Sudan Uganda Colombia Afghanistan CAR Iraq 16 MRM countries as of October 2011 Cote DIvoire Yemen South Sudan
DRC CAR 4 MARA accelerated roll out countries Cote DIvoire South Sudan
Burundi Chad DRC Myanmar Nepal Philippines Somalia Sri Lanka Sudan Uganda Colombia Afghanistan CAR Iraq MRM countries and other emergency situations of concern Cote DIvoire Haiti Pakistan Israel and oPt Bangladesh Indonesia Libya Yemen Syria South Sudan
AusAIDs crucial support to UNICEFs CPiE MRM: AusAID support to UNICEF in addressing grave violations is currently directed at oPT, Central African Republic, the Philippines and Yemen; and Afghanistan under a separate grant. The funding also supported UNICEF HQ to provide technical support. GBV: AusAID funding is also currently vital in building the capacity of the GBV area of responsibility to address gender-based violence in humanitarian settings. 10
Addressing grave violations against children in situations of armed conflict Objective: reduce, prevent and alleviate grave violations against children in armed conflict UNICEFs five pronged approach: a.Leadership and coordination b.Monitoring and reporting of grave violations c.Advocacy d.Response e.Prevention
Strategies to achieve results for children a.Partnership b.Robust evidence base c.Integrated cross-sectoral approaches d.Building back better e.Innovation and technology
Examples of some of the results for children MRM Task Forces established in 16 countries + other situations of concern addressing critical issues affecting children. Advocacy efforts at global, regional, country and local levels eg SGs reports to Security Council to direct local advocacy for childrens release from armed groups / forces. 12 Action Plans with 15 parties to the conflict to date – 2010, UNICEF supported the release of approx 20,000 boys and girls from armed forces / groups, with vast majority receiving reintegration support.
Child Protection in Emergencies …programmes for children Psychosocial assistance Monitoring and reporting on grave violations Child recruitment, release and reintegration Assistance to children and women survivors GBV Assistance to unaccompanied and separated children Mine Action, Mine Risk Education, arms reduction
Investment in children affected by armed conflict Opportunities: Issues related to grave violations, children and armed conflict and sexual violence in conflict, are now high on the political agenda of the SC and GA. MRM and emerging MARA frameworks opens the door to constructive dialogue with governments and other parties on protecting children and women, and holding warring parties to account. UNICEFs technical leadership and strong field presence provides for a comprehensive approach. Donor investment is having a positive impact on the safety and well-being of children through support to programmes at country, regional and HQ levels. Opportunities for broad inter-agency partnership and coordination of key partners. Risk: These opportunities will only be realised if strategic vision and courage is taken by all actors, including donors, to take programming to scale and invest in children.