Presentation on theme: "Some things change, some things stay the same"— Presentation transcript:
1Some things change, some things stay the same Change and ContinuitySome things change, some thingsstay the same
2Continuity and ChangeWatch the following clip to help you understand the idea: Chinese Canadians
3Start with a chronology of related events Canada’s involvement in peace-keeping missionsEducation in CanadaStanley Cup championship series’Roles of womenLook at the timeline - Are there patterns?Remember - Continuity & Change can coexist- or happen at the same time
4Periodization - think about how we group periods in time 1920’s vs 1930’s
5Change is a processIt happens at different pacesYou can identify turning points
6Progress & Decline What may be progress for one group, can be decline for another
7Progress & Decline The End of WW1- Paris 1919- Treaty of Versailles Woodrow Wilson (US), David Lloyd George (GBR) & George Clemenceau (FRN) meet to wrap- up WW1 & ensure peace. Progress right?
8Progress for one, decline for another Was the world a better place after the conference? Japan- “in all this progress towards peace, can we include a racial equality clause in the League of Nations Charter?”Germany – “There was anger throughout Germany when the terms were made public. The Treaty became known as a Diktat - as it was being forced on them and the Germans had no choice but to sign it.”
9Progress for one, decline for another Was the world a better place after the conference? United States refused to join League of NationsPunishment of Treaty of Versailles made Germany very weak economically, created huge crisisGermany felt humiliated and wrongfully blamedBritain was weakened and overshadowed by USABUT – Canada was recognized on the world stage
10How can we look at Continuity & Change & You? How were the recreational activities of teens in the 1970’s similar to teens today?What impact has the proliferation of cell phones had on how young people communicate?Your turn- generate 4 good historical questions - 2 on the theme of continuity (like #1) and 2 based on the idea of change (like #2)Lets look at Continuity & Change in Quebec- the Quebec question
11ACTIVITY: French-English Relations Put the events described into chronological order.Once finished, look at every event – do you see common ideas or details that suggest “CONTINUITY”?Then, do you see “CHANGE”?Can you can break it into time periods? What are these “turning points” where the story changes?
12Today’s critical questions… What are the roots of Quebec’s concerns?Are there patterns in the history of Quebec – Canada relations ?What should we do?
13Let’s look at the past 30 years… Have you heard of;Bloc Québecois?Parti Québecois?Quebec referenda (that’s plural – meaning more than one) ?Bill 101? (Charter of French Language)René Lévesque?FLQ crisis?Pauline Marois?Daniel PailléLet’s look at the past 30 years…
14Separatist victories FEDERAL Elections – 1993 – Bloc Québecois is official opposition2011 – Bloc Québecois only wins 4 seatsBut - Quebec Provincial Elections 2012Parti Québecois wins and Pauline Marois is in charge.So wait… do they want to separate or what?
16Let’s travel back in time… What’s it all about ?
17A battle for New France Between BR and French settlers Seven Years War ( )Plains of Abraham, Wolfe vs. MontcalmTreaty of Paris Control of NewFrance taken by Great BritainGeneral Wolfe
18French Assimilation & Confederation 1791 New France divided into French-speaking Lower Canada (later Quebec) and English-speaking Upper Canada (later Ontario)1840 Great Britain recommends French assimilation so merges Upper and Lower Canada into a ‘Province of Canada’ (a British colony)1867 Canada starts to govern itself (Confederation)Issues of regionalism emerge in new country
19Leaping ahead… Other conflicts… Manitoba Schools Laurier’s compromises:Boer WarNaval CrisisWWI ConscriptionWWII Conscription again!French Canadians are really feeling like an ignored minorityLeaping ahead…
20Modernizing reforms under Premier Jean Lesage The Quiet Revolution1959, Maurice Duplessis diesThe “Great Darkness” endsModernizing reforms under Premier Jean LesageGovernment run health care & educationMore control over industriesDevelop science and technology“Secularization”“Maitres Chez Nous” or “Masters in our own house”.New QC PremierJean Lesage- 1960
21He is a FEDERALIST and does not believe in Quebec separation Pierre Trudeau leaves Lesage’s team and the Quiet Revolution for federal politicsHe is a FEDERALIST and does not believe in Quebec separation
22Trudeau’s Just Society We are all deserving of equality under Canadian law but we should not receive special treatmentThe Official languages Act (1969)Multicultarism Act (1971)
23It all erupts in 1970 About the FLQ crisis The terrorist FLQ kidnaps Pierre Laporte and James CrossTheir demands – a free and separate Quebec (among other things)Pierre Trudeau – “the Government does not negotiate with terrorists”.Laporte is assassinated but FLQ is captured.About the FLQ crisisTrudeau: Yes, well there are a lot of bleeding hearts around who just don't like to see people with helmets and guns. All I can say is, go on and bleed, but it is more important to keep law and order in the society than to be worried about weak-kneed people who don't like the looks of …Reporter: At any cost? How far would you go with that? How far would you extend that?Trudeau: Well, just watch me.
24Are you René for this? Committed Francophone “common man” Creator and leader of the PQ, an official separatist party in QuebecBecomes QC Premier (1976)René Lévesque
25Bill 101 Bill 101 (1977): No English on outdoor signs. Restricted access to English schools.
26Quebec: A “Distinct” Society? Parti Quebecois:Canadian federalism could not address and protect the unique French languageand culture.To consider:What defines Québecoise culture?Are a “Distinct” society and a “Just “ society compatible?
27The Parti Quebecois1980 referendum on Quebec Independence
29The Result? The Referendum was held on May 20th, 1980: The Result? 60% for the Non40% for the Oui
30“Enough already!” – the Constitutional debate, 1981-2 Canada gets its own constitution and Charter of Rights.All provinces had to sign but didn’t like the suggested special status for QuebecIt was removed so … Quebec refused to signTrudeau went ahead anywayTwo perspectives on what happened…“Night of the Long Knives”vs.“The Kitchen Compromise”
32Out with Trudeau in with Mulroney “I’ll get that signature” New Que. Premier Robert Bourassa:“We will only sign the constitution if it is amended with a ‘distinct society’ clause so that Quebec will have the powers to ‘protect and promote its distinct language and culture’Read ‘The Constitution Debate’ pg what do you think?Brian Mulroney and Robert Bourassa
33Provinces meet at Meech to get it done (1987) They agree!They all have 3 years for their provincal parliaments to ratify the deal (commit)…Are Aboriginal Canadians not “distinct”?Read ‘The Meech Lake Accord’ on pgThe Meech Lake Accord
34Meech Lake Accord Manitoba MLA Elijah Harper Nfld Premier Clyde Wells The Accord died in June 1990Manitoba MLAElijah HarperNfld Premier Clyde Wells
35Growth in Quebec Separatism Support for Quebec Separatism grewLucien Bouchard resigns from Mulroney’s cabinet and starts federal separatist party, the Bloc QuebecoisSt Jean Baptiste Parade
36If at first you don’t succeed try, try, try again
37Charlottetown Accord Read pg 364-366 up to ‘The Quebec Referendum’ This is getting complicated!!!End result- Mulroney quits!!!