Presentation on theme: "Canadian Society and Identity PLO Society and Identity Keep the Americans out, the French in, and make the First Nations disappear. So do we have anything."— Presentation transcript:
Canadian Society and Identity PLO Society and Identity Keep the Americans out, the French in, and make the First Nations disappear. So do we have anything that is Canadian?
P 166 Protecting CDN Culture 1939 National Film Board 1957 Canada Council 1952 CBC T.V. 1968 CRTC (CDN Radio- television Telecommunications Commission) We don’t want your culture, but we will take your money: 1. Oil 1956 - 68%, 1967 88% 2. Manufacturing 1956 - over 50% What exactly is it we’re afraid of?
Meanwhile, Les Canadiens… P 191 1936 - 1959 Duplessis and the Union Nationale (Nationalists) run Quebec like the Mafia 1960 The Quiet Revolution - ‘Maitres Chez nous’, but also Separatism and the FLQ 1965 a CDN Flag!? 1969, on advice of ‘Bi and Bi commission,’ Official Languages Act Oct. 1970 The October Crisis and The War Measures ActThe October Crisis 1976 PQ and Bill 101 Quebec separation Referendums: --> 1980 60% vote no, 1995 50.6%
Meanwhile, we’ve got First Nations… Oka Crisis 1876 Indian Act -Assimilation, reserves, -P 69 1920’s despite War, Aboriginals still not persons: residential schools, banning of ceremonies like the potlatch,cut-off lands - P 208 1960 right to vote in federal elections -1969 White paper vs. Red Paper -->calls for Self-Government -1990 Oka and the ‘Indian Summer’ -1998 Aboriginal Title defined (hence, Land Claims recognized) -1999 Nunavut - largest treaty ever
But you know I AM CANADIAN! See ‘Protecting CDN culture’ P 174 1958 Diefenbaker ‘un-hyphenated Canadianism’ Bill of Rights
But you know I AM CANADIAN! P 174 - 175 1965 Pearson –Canadian Flag 1966 Pearson –Canada Pension Plan & Medicare
But you know I AM CANADIAN! P 177 1968 Trudeau Tudeaumania and a ‘just society’ P 204 1971 official multiculturalism policy P 199 1982 Trudeau Patriates Constitution w/o Quebec. It includes: – the Charter of Right and Freedoms –An amending formula (7/10 provinces w. 50% of Canada’s population) –The notwithstanding clause P 201 Note: 1987 Trudeau also comes out of retirement to state Mulroney’s Meech Lake Accord to recognize Quebec as a distinct society will create ‘two solitudes.’ Note: If Quebec is a distinct society, why not First Nations?
But you know I AM CANADIAN! Don’t forget: – David Suzuki and Terry Fox and Hockey! Terry Fox Regionalism –Western Alienation (National Energy Policy) and the Bloc Quebecois.
Society and Identity Canada tried to form a single identity through First Nation and Canadien assimilation xxx. Women were also forced to the sidelines. But Canada truly became a nation when we accepted that we are our own diverse, and not American xxx, nation and that tolerance and compassion are our greatest attributes xxx.Women Note: Can you think of an example where you see xxx?