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Ohio Concealed Carry Competency and Training NO LIVE AMMUNITION IN THE CLASSROOM! OHIO SHOOTING SPORTS HANDGUN 1 COURSE.

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Presentation on theme: "Ohio Concealed Carry Competency and Training NO LIVE AMMUNITION IN THE CLASSROOM! OHIO SHOOTING SPORTS HANDGUN 1 COURSE."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ohio Concealed Carry Competency and Training NO LIVE AMMUNITION IN THE CLASSROOM! OHIO SHOOTING SPORTS HANDGUN 1 COURSE

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3 20+ Years of Firearm and Training Experience Training & Influences John Benner – TDI - Tactical Defense Institute Michael Janich – Martial Blade Concepts Bryan McKean – Survival Operating Systems Dave Spaulding – Handgun Combatives John Farnam - DTI - Defense Training International Brian LaMaster – Innovative Tactical Concepts Rory Miller – Author & Trainer Gavin de Becker – Author - Gavin de Becker Inc. Lt. Col David Grossman - Author Rob Pincus – Author & Personal Defense Network 13+ Years IDPA, USPSA & 3 Gun Competition Experience

4 POLICY REGARDING AMMUNITION IN THE CLASSROOM SECURITY OF FIREARMS RESTROOMS AND DRINKING FOUNTAINS TELEPHONES AND EMERGENCY EXITS POLICY REGARDING REFRESHMENTS/SNACKS POLICY REGARDING SMOKING SCHEDULE FOR BREAKS AND LUNCH AIR CONDITIONING AND HEATING ADJUSTMENTS POLICY REGARDING CELL PHONES/PAGERS

5 SCHEDULE 8:00am-12 noon Classroom 12noon -12:45 Lunch, DVD & NRA Membership 1-4pm Range Exercises 4-6pm Legal Issues 6-6:45 Dinner & PrePaid Legal & USCCA Presentation 6:45-7:30 Written Test & Grade, Review 7:30-8:30pm Selecting a Handgun, Holsters & Concealment Options

6 OHIO SHOOTING SPORTS HANDGUN 1 COURSE HANDGUN 1 OHIO CCW HANDGUN 2 CORE SKILL BUILDERS FOR CCW HANDGUN 3 EXTREME CLOSE ENCOUNTERS – COMBATIVES FOR CCW HANDGUN 4 ADVANCED CCW TACTICAL SHOTGUN TACTICAL RIFLE DEFENSIVE KNIFE HOME DEFENSE UNARMED COMBATIVES ADVANCED IDPA & USPSA COMPETITION CLASSES FUNDRAISERS FOR 2 ND AMEMENDMENT ORGANIZATIONS

7 LESSON 1 INTRODUCTION TO SELF DEFENSE AND THE ROLE OF CCW! THE BIG PICTURE

8 To Build A Solid Foundation Of Fundamental Concepts & Essential Techniques Necessary To Begin Building An Awareness of: 1) The Essential Elements of Self Defense Training 2) The Necessity to Develop a Combative Mindset 3) Foundation of Safe, Efficient, Consistent Handgun Skills 4) Overview Of Legal And Social Implications Of Concealed Carry

9 Most self defense programs focus on the fight itself or how to counter violence with a variety of tools and skill sets. You also need to incorporate other essential elements or your training will be incomplete. 9 The use of force comes into play when all else has failed.

10 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter-Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 10 Facing Violence – Training for the Unexpected by Rory Miller

11 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training by Rory Miller 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter-Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 11

12 LEGAL = ITS THE LAW!! ETHICAL = CAN YOU LIVE WITH YOUR ACTIONS? 12

13 ANGER CONTROL FEAR REVENGE THEFT SEX 13

14 14 Fear of Death or Serious Bodily Injury!

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16 USE OF DEADLY FORCE CAN BE APPLIED IF 3 CONDITIONS ARE PRESENT 1. Defendant is not at fault. Engaged in lawful activity. 2. Reasonable and honest belief of serious bodily danger. 3. Duty to retreat. Must show that they did not have a duty to retreat or avoid the danger. 16

17 There Can Be Legal Issues That Arise Out Of the Use Of Force. CRIMINAL ISSUES CIVIL ISSUES 17 Lets Not Train To Go To Prison!

18 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training by Rory Miller 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter-Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 18

19 RECOGNIZING & COMBATING ANTISOCIAL AND ASOCIAL VIOLENCE & RECOGNIZING THE DIFFERENCE

20 SOCIAL VIOLENCE = Posturing and threatening behavior not intended to kill or maim. Acts include ritualized jockeying for territory or status. ASOCIAL VIOLENCE = Actions that are intended to create serious bodily harm or death. Acts that do not target the victim as person but as a resource. 20

21 Predators are looking for easy targets. Not a fight! 21 The attacker will see you as a victim and will show you no mercy. Predators often travel in groups. Predators seek the weak that are isolated from the herd. Often when attacked the herd will not help. They will flee. Predators choose situations that are advantageous to them not to you. Behavior of Human Predators & Animal Predators Are very Similar! Appearances…Do you look weak? Are you a favorable/easy target? Most acts of violence are not random! Odds are that you know your attacker.

22 Behavior That Could Diffuse An Antisocial Situation Could In Fact Encourage A Predator Who Is Intent On Asocial Behavior. 22

23 Target List Surveillance Target Selection Planning Probing / Rehearsal Attack Team Deploys Attack 23

24 Excessive Grooming Open & Closing Hands or Rubbing Hands Shifting weight & change in stance Looking around Impeding your movement Verbal exchange with strangers Bump, push or shove Target glancing Obvious attempt to bait you Blade body & shoulder drop Lips tighten over teeth 24

25 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training by Rory Miller 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter-Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 25

26 26 Col. Jeff Cooper WHITE YELLOW ORANGE RED NRA UNAWARE AWARE ALERT ALARM

27 Nagging Feelings Persistent Thoughts Humor Anxiety Curiosity Hunches Gut Feelings Doubt Hesitation Suspicion Apprehension Fear By Gavin de Becker

28 Situational Awareness Know Escape Routes Understand Cover & Concealment Mentally & Physically Prepared Ahead of time. Prepared to Act Immediately Better to Resist or Flee than go to Secondary Crime Scene Avoid Venues Known for Trouble Make NO Mean NO! If you choose to resist. Resist 100%

29 Team Building / Forced Teaming Unsolicited Promise Charm & Niceness Too Many Details Type Casting Loan Sharking Discounting the word NO

30 Scan & Assess / Situational Awareness Be Wary Of Strangers – Courteous to everyone Friendly to NO one! Maintain Distance from Unknown Persons Commanding Presence Use you Bad Dog Voice to Set Limits

31 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training by Rory Miller 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter - Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 31

32 If You Dont See The Pre-incident Indicators Or Cant Avoid Contact You Must Have Defensive Skills That Are Reflexive Responses To Unexpected Attacks. 32

33 COGNITIVE/CONSCIOUS BRAIN Left Brain Reasons & is Analytical Right Brain is Intuitive & Abstract SUBCONSCIOUS BRAIN Learned Skills & Multi-Tasking Takes Place Here Affected/Driven Largely By Pleasure or Pain INSTINCTUAL/REPTIALIAN BRAIN Fight – Flight – Freeze – Posture - Submit 33

34 50% of most fights take place at 6ft or less 50% at 6ft + more OUR TRAINING SHOULD REFLECT THESE FACTS! Close Encounter Confrontations

35 OFFICERS KILLED BY FIREARMS = =

36 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training by Rory Miller 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter-Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 36

37 Physiological & Psychological Effects of Fear of Imminent Danger WE ARE HARD WIRED TO FIGHT IN A CERTAIN MANNER. ALL EFFECTS CAN BE PRESENT DURING AND AFTER AN ATTACK.

38 Flight Or Fight Syndrome / Adrenal Stress Response Distortion of time. Tunnel vision & Auditory Exclusion. Coordination and loss of fine motor skills Shivering and shaking Under attack, you will not have the mind or body that you have trained. You will have an impaired, partially deaf and blind, clumsy beginner who isnt that bright. You will be like a rank beginner because, surprise, you are a rank beginner. Rory Miller in Facing Violence-Preparing for the Unexpected Mental Fog of Hormonal Dump

39 The Mind & Body Are Hard Wired For Survival. We Have To Educate our Instincts. Lower Center of Gravity - Crouching Posture. When Fingers Turn to Flippers - Use Gross Motor Skills Tunnel Vision - Scan and Assess Shaking & Shivering – Dealing with Fear Takes Training

40 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training by Rory Miller 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter-Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 40

41 MINDSET SKILLS TACTICS EQUIPMENT 41

42 To effectively defend oneself you must convince your opponent that the encounter is over either through a threat of bodily injury or actual bodily injury. Often we must break something inside their body to stop them from continuing their mission.

43 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training by Rory Miller 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter-Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 43

44 Do not approach your assailant. Scan for additional threats. Move to cover. Contact the police. Wait for police. Be on guard against a resumption of the attack. Maintain the integrity of the shooting scene. Greeting the police. Evoke your right to an attorney immediately.

45 Emotional Response Elation Revulsion Remorse Self-Doubt Acceptance

46 Reducing long term effects Counseling Psychiatrists, Psychologists and other mental health professionals Clergy Spouse Trusted Friends Others who have had similar experiences

47 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training by Rory Miller 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter-Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 47

48 NRA Basics of Pistol Shooting Video

49 NRA Basics of Pistol Shooting Review

50 SINGLE-ACTION REVOLVER DOUBLE-ACTION REVOLVER SEMI-AUTOMATIC PISTOL

51 SINGLE-ACTION REVOLVER THE TRIGGER PERFORMS A SINGLE ACTION: RELEASING THE HAMMER. THE HAMMER MUST BE MANUALLY COCKED FOR EACH SHOT. DOUBLE-ACTION REVOLVER THE TRIGGER PERFORMS TWO TASKS: BOTH COCKING AND RELEASING THE HAMMER. MOST DOUBLE-ACTION REVOLVERS CAN ALSO BE FIRED IN THE SINGLE-ACTION MODE.

52 TRIGGER HAMMER SPUR EJECTOR ROD CYLINDER HAMMER LOADING GATE

53 BARREL FRAME ACTION (CONTAINED WITHIN FRAME)

54 TRIGGER GUARD BACK STRAP GRIP PANELS REAR SIGHT FRONT STRAP

55 TRIGGER HAMMER SPUR EJECTOR ROD CYLINDER CYLINDER RELEASE LATCH HAMMER

56 BARREL FRAME ACTION (SLIDE AND PARTS WITHIN FRAME)

57 BACKSTRAP TRIGGER GUARD FRONT STRAP GRIP PANELS

58 MUZZLE RIFLING (LANDS & GROOVES) CHAMBER LOCKING LUGS (ENGAGE RECESSES IN SLIDE)

59 RIFLING SPIRALING LANDS AND GROOVES THAT ENGRAVE THE BULLET AND GIVE IT SPIN AS IT TRAVELS THROUGH THE BORE LANDGROOVE LAND

60 TRIGGER HAMMERSLIDE HAMMER SPUR MAGAZINE RELEASE MAGAZINE SAFETY SLIDE STOP TAKEDOWN LEVER

61 EXTRACTING THE FIRED CASE FROM THE CHAMBER AND EJECTING IT FROM THE PISTOL COCKING THE HAMMER OR FIRING PIN FEEDING THE TOP CARTRIDGE IN THE MAGAZINE INTO THE CHAMBER

62 SINGLE-ACTION EACH PULL OF THE TRIGGER PERFORMS A SINGLE ACTION: RELEASING THE HAMMER. THE HAMMER MUST BE MANUALLY COCKED FOR THE FIRST SHOT. TRADITIONAL DOUBLE-ACTION THE INITIAL LONG, HEAVY TRIGGER PULL BOTH COCKS AND RELEASES THE HAMMER. EACH SUBSEQUENT SHOT IS FIRED IN THE SINGLE-ACTION MODE. DOUBLE-ACTION-ONLY EACH PULL OF THE TRIGGER BOTH COCKS AND RELEASES THE HAMMER, AS WITH A DOUBLE-ACTION REVOLVER.

63 IGNORANCE (LACK OF KNOWLEDGE) IGNORANCE OF RULES FOR SAFE GUN HANDLING IGNORANCE OF THE PROPER AND SAFE WAY TO OPERATE A PISTOL CARELESSNESS (POOR OR IMPROPER ATTITUDE) FAILURE TO APPLY THE RULES FOR SAFE GUN HANDLING FAILURE TO OBSERVE PROPER PROCEDURES FOR SAFELY OPERATING A PISTOL

64 ALWAYS TREAT GUNS AS IF THEY ARE LOADED ALWAYS NEVER POINT A GUN AT ANYTHING YOU DO NOT WISH TO DESTROY ALWAYS BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET AND WHAT IS BEYOND ALWAYS KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOU ARE ON TARGET AND READY TO SHOOT

65 CASE POWDER CHARGE PRIMER (CONTAINS PRIMING COMPOUND) BULLET

66 CENTERFIRE CARTRIDGE PRIMING COMPOUND IS CONTAINED IN A METAL CUP, CALLED A PRIMER, IN THE CENTER OF THE CASE HEAD RIMFIRE CARTRIDGE PRIMING COMPOUND IS CONTAINED IN THE INSIDE OF THE RIM OF THE CASE HEAD

67 CARTRIDGE FIRING SEQUENCE CARTRIDGE IN CHAMBER FIRING PIN STRIKES PRIMER OR CASE RIM AND IGNITES THE PRIMING COMPOUND FLAME GENERATED BY PRIMING COMPOUND IGNITES POWDER CHARGE POWDER BURNS RAPIDLY, GENERATING A VOLUME OF HOT, HIGH-PRESSURE GAS GAS PUSHES BULLET THROUGH BORE AT HIGH SPEED BULLET EXITS MUZZLE, HOT GAS MAKES BANG

68 PROPER CARTRIDGE IDENTIFICATION IS NECESSARY TO ENSURE THE CORRECT AMMUNITION IS LOADED INTO THE PISTOL. THE CARTRIDGE DESIGNATION IS: MARKED ON THE PISTOL STAMPED ON THE HEAD OF THE CARTRIDGE CASE (HEADSTAMP) PRINTED ON THE FACTORY AMMUNITION BOX SOME CARTRIDGES HAVE MORE THAN ONE DESIGNATION, SUCH AS 9 MM PARA/9 MM LUGER/ 9X19 MM, AND 45 AUTO/45 ACP.

69 AMMUNITION SHOULD BE STORED IN A COOL, DRY PLACE STORE AMMUNITION IN A LOCATION WHERE CHILDREN OR OTHER UNAUTHORIZED PERSONS CANNOT ACCESS IT DO NOT EXPOSE AMMUNITION TO WATER, SOLVENTS, PETROLEUM PRODUCTS OR OTHER MATERIALS THAT CAN CAUSE CARTRIDGE DETERIORATION AND MALFUNCTIONS WIPE FINGERPRINTS OFF CARTRIDGES TO AVOID CORROSION DUE TO SALTY RESIDUE ALWAYS KEEP THE AMMUNITION IN THE ORIGINAL FACTORY BOX OR CARTON DO NOT CUP EJECTION PORT OF FIREARM WHEN REMOVING A CARTRIDGE FROM THE CHAMBER OF A FIREARM.

70 MISFIRE HANGFIRE SQUIB LOAD

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72 Check all guns to verify that they are empty. Working from top to bottom of gun Review controls and types of sights Operating Slide/Bolt Loading and Unloading

73 EXTEND ARMS FORWARD AND FORM OPENING BETWEEN THE HANDS LOOK AT DISTANT OBJECT THROUGH OPENING BRING HANDS TO FACE WHILE LOOKING AT OBJECTOPENING WILL BE ALIGNED WITH THE DOMINANT EYE

74 Grip Stance Aiming Breath Control Trigger Control Follow Through

75 Grip Stance Aiming Breath Control Trigger Control Follow Through

76 NON-SHOOTING HAND SAFELY PUTS PISTOL IN SHOOTING HAND V BETWEEN THUMB AND FOREFINGER OF SHOOTING HAND IS PLACED HIGH ON PISTOL BACK STRAP PISTOL IS GRIPPED WITH BASE OF THUMB AND LOWER THREE FINGERS. GRIP PRESSURE IS STRAIGHT TO THE REAR, TRIGGER FINGER IS ALONG FRAME

77 BRING SUPPORT HAND TO SHOOTING HAND WRAP SUPPORT-HAND FINGERS AROUND SHOOTING-HAND FINGERS BRING HEEL OF SUPPORT HAND FIRMLY AGAINST HEEL OF SHOOTING HAND 60% OF GRIP FROM SUPPORT HAND DO NOT CROSS THUMBS

78 REVOLVER: NON-SHOOTING-HAND HUMB LIES ATOP SHOOTING HAND THUMB or ALONG SIDE OF FRAME. DO NOT PLACE SUPPORT HAND THUMB IN FRONT OF CYLINDER. SEMI-AUTOMATIC: NON-SHOOTING HAND THUMB IS UNDER SHOOTING HAND THUMB

79 WITH THE PISTOL POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION, THE INDEX FINGER SHOULD BE PLACED ALONGSIDE THE FRAME OF THE PISTOL, ABOVE AND AWAY FROM THE TRIGGER GUARD.

80 Grip Stance Aiming Breath Control Trigger Control Follow Through

81 A POSITION IS THE PLATFORM FROM WHICH ALL THE SHOOTING FUNDAMENTALS ARE EXECUTED. A POSITION SHOULD BE: COMFORTABLE BALANCED & STRONG RELAXED or COMPRESSED DEPENDING ON SITUATION PROPERLY ALIGNED WITH THE TARGET

82 SIT BEHIND THE BENCH, FACING THE TARGET FEET ARE FLAT ON THE GROUND BOTH ARMS ARE EXTENDED FULLY FORWARD BACK SHOULD BE STRAIGHT OR LEANING SLIGHTLY FORWARD WRISTS ARE SUPPORTED BY SANDBAGS HEAD IS FULLY ERECT

83 PISTOL EXTENDED WITH PROPER GRIP FEET SHOULDER WIDTH APART WEIGHT EVENLY DISTRIBUTED W/ WEIGHT ON BALLS OF FEET LEGS BENT AT KNEES LEANING SLIGHTLY FORWARD AT WAIST. HEAD ERECT OR SLIGHTLY FORWARD ARMS FULLY EXTENDED PISTOL BROUGHT TO EYE LEVEL SHOOTER IS RELAXED AND COMFORTABLE

84 ARC OF MOVEMENT OR ALSO CALLED DEVIATION REFERS TO THE UNAVOIDABLE MOTION OF A PISTOL HELD IN A SHOOTING POSITION. PRACTICE DECREASES THE DEVIATION / ARC OF MOVEMENT. DEVIATION INCREASES AND DECREASES RELATIVE TO THE DISTANCE TO THE TARGET

85 Grip Stance Aiming Breath Control Trigger Control Follow Through

86 USE SEATED POSITION DURING AIMING, BREATH, TRIGGER & FOLLOW THROUGH DEMONTRATION

87 AIMING IS THE PROCESS OF ACHIEVING THE PROPER RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TARGET, THE FRONT SIGHT AND THE REAR SIGHT. AIMING CONSISTS OF TWO COMPONENTS: SIGHT ALIGNMENT SIGHT PICTURE

88 SIGHT ALIGNMENT REFERS TO THE PROPER RELATIONSHIP OF THE PISTOLS FRONT AND REAR SIGHTS. WITH POST-AND-NOTCH SIGHTS: THE TOPS OF THE FRONT AND REAR SIGHTS ARE EVEN THE FRONT POST IS CENTERED IN THE REAR NOTCH

89 PROPER SIGHT PICTURE IS OBTAINED WHEN THE ALIGNED SIGHTS ARE PUT INTO THEIR PROPER RELATIONSHIP WITH THE TARGET. CENTER HOLDSIX OCLOCK HOLD

90 SIGHT ALIGNMENT IS MORE CRITICAL THAN SIGHT PICTURE. ABC A SIGHT PICTURE ERROR (A) YIELDS A SLIGHTLY OFF-CENTER GROUP. A SIGHT ALIGNMENT ERROR (C), PRODUCES A MUCH LARGER DEVIATION OF THE GROUP FROM THE TARGET. PROPER SIGHT ALIGNMENT AND SIGHT PICTURE IS PICTURED IN (B).

91 WHEN SHOOTING A PISTOL WITH IRON SIGHTS, VISUAL FOCUS SHOULD BE ON THE FRONT SIGHT. THIS WILL LEAVE THE TARGET AND REAR SIGHT SLIGHTLY FUZZY, AS SHOWN AT LEFT, BUT CLEAR ENOUGH TO ESTABLISH PROPER SIGHT ALIGNMENT AND SIGHT PICTURE.

92 Align sights – Instructor will verify sight alignment with a reverse cross check. VERIFY THAT ACTION IS OPEN & CHAMBER IS EMPTY!!! Drill also assists student to get over fear of pointing gun at another person.

93 Grip Stance Aiming Breath Control Trigger Control Follow Through

94 BREATH CONTROL MINIMIZES THE BODY MOVEMENT PRODUCED BY BREATHING, WHICH CAN IMPAIR GOOD SHOOTING. TAKE A BREATH BEFORE EACH SHOT, LET OUT ENOUGH AIR TO BE COMFORTABLE, AND THEN SIMPLY STOP BREATHING WHILE FIRING THE SHOT AVOID HOLDING THE BREATH TOO LONGTHIS CAN CAUSE TREMORS

95 Grip Stance Aiming Breath Control Trigger Control Follow Through

96 TRIGGER CONTROL IS THE PROPER METHOD OF ACTIVATING THE TRIGGER TO MINIMIZE MOVEMENT THAT CAN MISALIGN THE SIGHTS. TRIGGER IS BETWEEN FINGERTIP AND FIRST JOINT OF INDEX FINGER. SPACE BETWEEN FINGER AND FRAME OF GUN TRIGGER IS SQUEEZED STRAIGHT REARWARD IN A SMOOTH, CONTINUOUS MOVEMENT THE TRIGGER SQUEEZE SHOULD PRODUCE A SURPRISE BREAK TRIGGER SQUEEZE AND SIGHT ALIGNMENT ARE DONE WHILE MAINTAINING MINIMUM DEVIATION / ARC OF MOVEMENT 360 DEGREE HOLD ON GUN AS HIGH AS POSSIBLE. Extend – Touch - Press

97 AT THE MOMENT THE SHOT BREAKS YOUR MIND WILL SEE A FREEZE FRAME OF WHERE THE SIGHTS WHERE AT ON THE TARGET. YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO CALL YOUR SHOTS WITHOUT LOOKING AT THE TARGET. FOLLOW-THROUGH IS THE CONTINUATION OF THE APPLICATION OF THE FUNDAMENTALS OF SHOOTING THROUGH AND IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE FIRING OF THE SHOT. FOLLOW-THROUGH ENABLES THE SHOOTER TO INTEGRATE, MAINTAIN AND CONTINUE THE SHOOTING FUNDAMENTALS BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER THE SHOT.

98 1. FIND YOUR TARGET & SEE IT CLEARLY 2. SIGHT ALIGNMENT 3. SIGHT PICTURE 4. TRIGGER CONTROL / TRIGGER PRESS 5. CALLING YOUR SHOT & FOLLOW-THROUGH THESE 5 ESSENTIAL STEPS SHOULD BE PERFORMED WITH EVERY SHOT OR YOU WONT HIT WHAT YOUR AIMING AT.

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100 RANGE PROTOCOLS Range Layout & Limits Handgun 1 - Cold Range Policy Hygiene Guidelines Range Commands Questions or Problems while on the firing line.

101 READY LINE FIRING LINE TARGET AREA BACKSTOP/IMPACT AREA LEFT/RIGHT RANGE LIMITS FIRING POINTS TARGET AND FIRING POINT NUMBERS DOWNRANGE AREA SAFETY BERMS ENTRY/EXIT ROUTES RANGE FLAGS WARNING MARKERS AND OTHER SAFETY FEATURES FIRST-AID KIT PHONE (KNOW PROCEDURE FOR DIALING 911) FIRE EXTINGUISHERS REST ROOMS ANY OTHER APPLICABLE EQUIPMENT/FEATURES FOR THE RANGE BEING USED, IDENTIFY AND KNOW THE SIGNIFICANCE OF:

102 No Loaded guns behind the firing line No handling of guns unless you are with a RO or in Safe Gun area without ammo. If you have a problem with your gun raise your non shooting hand. A RO will assist you. Listen to your RO for direction. Listen for directions. IF R.O. says stop then stop. Etc.

103 WHILE SHOOTING OR CLEANING A GUN, REFRAIN FROM EATING, DRINKING, SMOKING OR PLACING HANDS CLOSE TO THE MOUTH AFTER SHOOTING OR CLEANING A GUN, WASH HANDS AND FACE THOROUGHLY WITH SOAP AND COLD WATER CHANGE AND WASH CLOTHING AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AFTER SHOOTING OR CLEANING A GUN

104 A SHOOTER HAVING ANY QUESTIONS OR PROBLEMS DURING ANY RANGE EXERCISES SHOULD: STOP FIRING IMMEDIATELY KEEP THE GUN POINTED DOWNRANGE RAISE THE NON-SHOOTING HAND TO SIGNIFY THERE IS A PROBLEM--RANGE PERSONNEL WILL PROVIDE ASSISTANCE

105 ANY QUESTIONS AFTER STUDENTS ARE GIVEN DRILL INSTRUCTIONS LOAD & MAKE READY STUDENTS MAY LOAD THEIR PISTOLS UP or COMMENCE FIRING STUDENTS MAY BEGIN FIRING WHEN READY

106 Lunch& Personal Protection Outside the Home DVD DVD

107 Range 5 Handgun Exercises

108 LEGAL ASPECTS OF CONCEALED CARRY & SELF-DEFENSE

109 There are many areas of Ohio law that impact your decision to be a concealed carry licensee. Ohio Shooting Sports cannot directly provide legal advice. This portion of the class is provided as a summary of prevailing firearms and self defense laws. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advise of a lawyer or for common sense.

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111 Training & Education Requirements Training & Competency Certification Temporary Emergency License Minimum Educational Requirements

112 The Application Process Sheriffs Criteria for Issuing the License Residency Criminal Record Mental Competency Protection Orders License Denials & Appeals License Renewals & Competency Recertification

113 Duties that Accompany Holding a Concealed Handgun License Identification Required Forbidden Carry Zones SB17 Transporting Firearms in Automobiles SB17 Traffic Stops & Other Law Enforcement Encounters Private Property & the Workplace Signage Concealed Carry by Law Enforcement Reciprocity

114 Deadly Force Criminal Issues & Civil Issues Self-Defense Castle Doctrine Defense of Others Conclusion: Self Defense Issues Defense of Property Conclusion

115 THERE CAN BE ISSUES THAT ARISE OUT THE USE OF FORCE. CRIMINAL ISSUES Felonious Assault, Aggravated Assault, Assault, Attempted Murder Reckless Homicide, Voluntary Manslaughter, Murder, Aggravated Murder (Beyond A Reasonable Doubt) CIVIL ISSUES Wrongful Death, Loss of Wages or Income (Preponderance Of The Evidence)

116 Deadly Force Criminal Issues Civil Issues Self-Defense Castle Doctrine Defense of Others Conclusion: Self Defense Issues Defense of Property Conclusion

117 Legitimate self defense consist of reasonable defensive actions taken by a person in an attempt to protect himself or another person from imminent unlawful battery. The threat can be executed by means of either deadly or non-deadly force.

118 The correct & lawful self defense, which will involve an escalation of force, will be dictated by the perceived degree and type of unlawful force being imminently threatened or being applied by a criminal.

119 Legitimate self defense consist of reasonable defensive actions taken by a person in an attempt to protect himself or another person from imminent unlawful battery. The threat can be executed by means of either deadly or non-deadly force. The correct & lawful self defense, which will involve an escalation of force, will be dictated by the perceived degree and type of unlawful force being imminently threatened or being applied by a criminal. Unlike a battle field were deadly force can be applied solely on appearances civilians must use appearances (looks) and behaviors (actions) to act immediately and decisively using a type and an amount of force reasonably required to keep you from getting hurt. Appearances do not change quickly but behavior can change quickly.

120 Legitimate self defense consist of reasonable defensive actions taken by a person in an attempt to protect himself or another person from imminent unlawful battery. The threat can be executed by means of either deadly or non-deadly force. The correct & lawful self defense, which will involve an escalation of force, will be dictated by the perceived degree and type of unlawful force being imminently threatened or being applied by a criminal. Unlike a battle field were deadly force can be applied solely on appearances civilians must use appearances (looks) and behaviors (actions) to act immediately and decisively using a type and an amount of force reasonably required to keep you from getting hurt. Appearances do not change quickly but behavior can change quickly. You must be able to act quickly & decisively yet be able to deescalate as well. 1.Must be able to control emotions 2.Must be able to control the force of your responding attack

121 Quoted from Richard Cordray, Ohio Attorney General, publication Ohios Concealed Carry Law Self Defense: Depending on the specific fact of the situation, an accused person may claim that the use of deadly force was justified to excuse his or her action, which would otherwise be a crime. Self defense or the defense of another is an affirmative defense that an accused may assert against a criminal charge for an assault or homicide offense. The term affirmative defense means the accused, not the prosecutor must prove by preponderance of the evidence that he acted in self defense or in the defense of another. In other words, the defendant must proved that it is more probably than not that his use of deadly force was necessary due to the circumstances. Whether this affirmative defense applies to the situation or whether it will likely succeed against criminal charges depends heavily on the specific facts and circumstances of each situation. The Ohio Supreme Count has explained that a defendant must prove three conditions to establish that he acted in defense of himself or another.

122 USE OF DEADLY FORCE CAN BE APPLIED IF 3 CONDITIONS ARE PRESENT 1. Defendant is not at fault. Engaged in lawful activity. 2. Reasonable and honest belief of serious bodily danger. 3. Duty to retreat. Must show that they did not have a duty to retreat or avoid the danger.

123 123

124 Deadly Force Criminal Issues Civil Issues Self-Defense Castle Doctrine Defense of Others Conclusion: Self Defense Issues Defense of Property Conclusion

125 Castle Doctrine Enacted in 2008 A person does not have the duty to retreat from a residence or vehicle that they lawfully occupy or a residence or vehicle owned by an immediate family member before using force in self-defense or defense of another. Presumption of self-defense is a rebuttable presumption. Prosecutor not the defendant carries the burden of producing evidence contrary to the fact that the law presumes. A person is barred from recovering money (suing) if their injury arises from their criminal behavior, including injuries sustained by acts of the intended victim. If you injure an innocent bystander (hit by a stray bullet) you may be ordered to pay damages to that person.

126 Deadly Force Criminal Issues Civil Issues Self-Defense Castle Doctrine Defense of Others Conclusion: Self Defense Issues Defense of Property Conclusion

127 You must prove that the same conditions existed for them. See previous slide. Be careful to step into anothers shoes. Do you know who is really at fault or who needs help?

128 Deadly Force Criminal Issues Civil Issues Self-Defense Castle Doctrine Defense of Others Conclusion: Self Defense Issues Defense of Property Conclusion

129 Deadly Force Criminal Issues Civil Issues Self-Defense Castle Doctrine Defense of Others Conclusion: Self Defense Issues Defense of Property Conclusion

130 Deadly Force Criminal Issues Civil Issues Self-Defense Castle Doctrine Defense of Others Conclusion: Self Defense Issues Defense of Property Conclusion

131 Dispute Resolution Basic Forms of Dispute Resolution Advantages of Alternative Dispute Resolution The Ohio Commission on Dispute Resolution & Conflict Management

132 Fill out multiple choice Legal Justification test.

133 QUESTIONS??

134 DINNER BREAK & PrePaid Legal Presentation

135 Legal Shield and subsidiaries Serving Families Since 1972

136 You are more than twice as likely to be in court than you are to be hospitalized! * American Hospital Association, 2007 Annual Survey ** Examining the Work of State Courts, Court Statistics Project Million 102 Million Hospitalizations in 2007* Court Filings in 2007** Its Not If, But When

137 Have You Ever... been overcharged for a repair? tried to return a defective product? received a traffic ticket? lost a security deposit? worried about identity theft? signed a contract? purchased a home? prepared a Will? been audited? When you take time to think about it, these are legal events.

138 Why Dont People Call Attorneys They are intimidated by lawyers. They dont know who to call. They believe it would cost too much. The Main Reasons People Dont Seek Legal Counsel: The Most Common Responses to a Legal Dispute Are to: Ignore the problem Try to handle it personally

139 What Do We Do Simply put a Pre-Paid Legal membership does for attorney and legal bills what medical insurance does for doctor and hospital bills.

140 1. The Member 2. The Members Spouse 3. Never Married Dependent Children under 21 living at Home 4. Dependent Children under age 18 for whom the Member is legal guardian 5. Full Time College Students up to age 23 never married, dependent children 6. Physically or mentally challenged child living at home Who Is Covered? The Pre-Paid Legal membership covers:

141 Preventive Legal Services Motor Vehicle Legal Services Trial Defense Services IRS Audit Legal Service 25% Preferred Member Discount Legal Shield The Life Events Legal Plan: Six Areas of Coverage

142 Five Common Types of Identity Theft Identity Theft is not just about credit cards! Identity theft is an international crime and access to an attorney may be critical. Drivers License Medical Financial Social Security Character/ Criminal

143 Legal Shield The Legal Shield gives you and your family 24-hour access to legal consultation for the following situations: If you are detained by a law enforcement officer If you are injured in an accident If authorities attempt to remove your child from your home or custody If you are served with a warrant To contact your Provider Law Firm, simply call the toll-free number on your Legal Shield card. You will reach the Pre-Paid Legal offices, who will then put you in contact with your Provider Law Firm, so you can consult with an attorney. Its that easy. The Legal Shield membership will not apply if the member is alleged to be under the influence of or impaired by alcohol, intoxicants, controlled substances, chemicals or medicines, whether prescribed or not; the member is alleged to be involved with domestic violence or stalking; and/or assistance in making, posting, or obtaining bond, bail or other security required for release. Check benefit availability in your state.

144 Credit Report and Continuous Monitoring You will receive an up-to-date credit report through Experian at no additional charge with your membership. Your credit files will be regularly monitored. Suspicious activity will be brought to your attention, providing you with early detection. Youll receive prompt notice if any new accounts are opened in your name... or if derogatory notations are added to your credit report.

145 Restoration Services If your identity is stolen, you need more than just information about how to restore your name and credit rating. As an Identity Theft Shield SM member you can rest easy knowing experienced professionals are working for you! Fraud alert notifications will be sent on your behalf and applicable follow up will be done with affected agencies and institutions. Proactive searches of applicable local and national databases will be made on your behalf to look for information you may not have known about. Identity Restoration will not apply if the identity theft is the result of a dishonest, criminal, malicious, or fraudulent act you, your spouse, or your child participated in, directed, or had knowledge of. Restoration services will not be provided for a known stolen identity event that occurred prior to enrollment date. You must be an active member to receive restoration services. Services provided do not cover financial losses arising from the identity theft. A signed limited power of attorney must be provided to Kroll when an Identity Theft Restoration case is opened in order for Kroll to work on your behalf and/or provide the Proactive Database Searches listed. A stolen identity event does not include the theft or unauthorized or illegal use of your business name, d/b/a, or any other method of identifying your business activity.

146 Safeguard for Minors Children under the age of 18 have a much higher risk of identity theft than is commonly realized. Thieves target them because the childs information may be used for years without discovery … until the minor is old enough to establish credit. Education, early detection, and expert consultation make for a powerful package of tools to minimize this risk. Up to four minor children can be enrolled for monitoring to detect existing credit files and it will cost the member only $1 more per month per family. All dependent children up to 18 are covered for consultation and restoration.

147 How Much Will Peace of Mind Cost? How much would it cost to have an attorney on a monthly retainer to cover all of the services I just described?

148 How Much Will Peace of Mind Cost? With the Pre-Paid Legal Life Events Legal Plan you will receive all these benefits for just $17 per month! And the Identity Theft Shield can be added for an additional $9.95 per month. Thats less than the price of a bottle of water a day.

149 WRITTEN TEST

150 DEFENSIVE TOOLS

151 STEP 1 - RESEARCH Purpose Home Defense Target / Plinking Self Defense Outside the Home Type of carry OWB IWB Purse Skill Level Costs $$ Maturity

152 STEP 2 EXAMINATION Weight Grip Fit Strength Needed to Operate Trigger Reach Thickness and angle Barrel length

153 STEP 3 TEST FIRING Recoil Reliability Accuracy Comfort & Feel

154 SINGLE ACTION DOUBLE ACTION SAFE ACTION SIZE CALIBER

155 Gun Mounted Handheld Techniques Surefire/Rogers FBI Harries

156 AMMUNITION CHOICES Safety Purpose Reliability Accuracy Recoil

157 Full Metal Jacket Hollow Points Test Your Loads Do Not Reload For Self Defense How Much Is Enough?

158 TYPES IWB OWB MATERIALS – Leather - Kydex BELLY BANDS ANKLE SHOULDER CROSSDRAW VESTS

159 TYPES continued… Purse Briefcase Day Runner Pocket Holster Fanny pack Small of the back

160 POSITION OF HOLSTER Clock Analogy

161 SHIRTS SWEAT SHIRTS VESTS COATS SWEATERS SWEATER VESTS GOLF SHIRTS UNIVERSAL MOVE TO SWEEP CLOTHING ASIDE

162 BACK UP GUN KNIFE(S) CELL PHONES FLASHLIGHT $$ 911 ON SPEED DIAL ATTORNEY ON SPEED DIAL PEPPER SPRAY IMPACT WEAPONS

163 Handout Certificates

164 REVIEW

165 To build a solid foundation of fundamental concepts and essential techniques necessary to begin developing a 1)substantial defensive mindset and 2)safe, efficient, consistent handgun skills & an 3)overview of legal and social implications of concealed carry.

166 7 Elements of Comprehensive Training by Rory Miller 1. Legal & Ethical Implications 2. Violence Dynamics 3. Avoidance 4. Counter-Ambush 5. Breaking the Freeze 6. The Fight Itself 7. Aftermath 166

167 Continue Your Education Home Dry Fire Practice 2-3x each week Range Live Fire Practice 1x each month Handgun 2, 3, 4 Classes Unarmed & Knife Combatives Classes Home Defense Class IDPA & USPSA Handgun Competitions


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