Presentation on theme: "Skills Enhancement Seminar"— Presentation transcript:
1 Skills Enhancement Seminar Eastern Visayas State University July 7, 2012Skills Enhancement SeminarMark Fullmer
2 English Questions on the LET Reading ComprehensionVocabularyPronunciationGrammarIdiomsKnowledge of LiteratureKnowledge of Language Terminology
3 Reading Comprehension What is the meaning of this statement: “History never cited a leaderless nation”?Nations can survive without leadersA leader can fade away but another will come upLeaders are always bornLeaders are matched with historical events
4 Vocabulary The President is a garrulous speaker. GARRULOUS means: TaciturnReticentTalkativeDiligent
5 Knowledge of Literature In Paz Latorena’s short story “The Small Key” what is inside the chest when the second wife Soledad opened it?Old clothesSkeletonsLand documentsWeapons used in the second world war
6 Knowledge of Language Terminology This theory of language learning and literacy views children capable of relating new information to prior knowledge.ConstructivistSociolinguistInteractiveReader Response
7 Objectives for Today Reading Comprehension Vocabulary Pronunciation Singular-Plural agreementIdiomsKnowledge of LiteratureKnowledge of Language Terminology
8 Results from our prepositions seminar 1. Joan lives ___ Santillan Road. (a) in (b) on (c) at (d) to 2. Maggie will be ready to leave ___ about thirty minutes. (a) in (b) at (c) on (d) where 3. Since he met his new girlfriend, Mico never seems to be ___ home. (a) on (b) at (c) in (d) towards 4. Jeremy responded to his mother’s demands ___ throwing a tantrum. (a) with (b) by (c) from (d) through 5. I think Carmen spent the entire afternoon ___ the phone. (a) on (b) in (c) at (d) withPre-test:62% correctPost-test:78% correct
9 PRONUNCIATION: What you need to know for the LET
10 Rhyme Questions1. Which of these words do not rhyme? (a) That’s easy to bear. (b) Let us sing a cheer for them. (c) It is so clear. (d) it is the sheer truth.Tip 1: If you find any 2 sounds that are the same, eliminate them as possible answers.Tip 2: Don’t be fooled by spelling. English pronunciation is not consistent.
11 Emphasis QuestionsWhich word is read on a high note to emphasize the kind of day: “This is a warm day!”(a) is(b) day(c) warm(d) thisadjectiveverbTip 1: Ask yourself what part of speech is being identified?Tip 2: Read each option aloud to hear emphasisnounadjectivepronoun
12 Phonetics Questions *most common* 4. Which among these words has the ending [d] sound? (a) Joked (b) Walked (c) Laughed (d) PlayedTip 1: Eliminate answers with similar soundsTip 2: Memorize the most common phonetic symbols using a word chart.
13 Some sounds that might be on the LET: [unvoiced th][voiced th][zh][sh][z]/ð//θ//ʒ//ʃ//z/thethumppleasureplushpleasebreathewreathmeasuremeshmiserbathebathleisureleashleadsthemthemegenreshopzombiethosethoughtprecisionformationamazethesethesaurusvisualizewishwhizzthatthankdecisiondemolitionvisit
14 Pronunciation Post-Test Complete the following 10 questions in 8 minutes
15 1. Which of these words do not rhyme. (a) Watch the bird soar high 1. Which of these words do not rhyme? (a) Watch the bird soar high. (b) I am studying core curriculum. (c) Please pour the drinks. (d) I was one hour late for class. 2. Which ED end sound is different? (a) Pleaded (c) Collaborated (b) Imported (d) Informed 3. Which word is read on a high note to emphasize who is doing the action: “I bought the cake yesterday!” (a) I (c) bought (b) cake (d) yesterday 4. Which among these words has the ending [id] sound? (a) unchecked (c) pockmarked (b) coughed (d) misinterpreted 5. Which among these words has the [z] end sound? (a) Maps (c) Laughs (b) Jokes (d) Buys
16 6. Which among these words has the starting voiced [th] sound 6. Which among these words has the starting voiced [th] sound? (a) Thank (c) Think (b) These (d) Thing 7. Which among these words has the [sh] sound? (a) through (c) promotion (b) vizualize (d) vacillate 8. Which among these words has the voiced [th] sound? (a) Mouth (c) Breathe (b) Teeth (d) Health 9. Which of the words below has the [zh] sound? (a) Ships (c) She (b) Shore (d) Leisure 10. Which among these words has the [id] end sound? (a) Praised (c) Mailed (b) Judged (d) Needed
17 Singulars & Plurals Workshop Pretest: Complete the following 10 questions in 10 minutes.
18 1. Which is the correct plural for the word “mouse” 1. Which is the correct plural for the word “mouse”? (a) mouses (c) mice (b) mouse (d) mices 2. Which is a correct singular-plural pair? (a) thief--thiefs (c) tomato--tomatos (b) roof--rooves (d) hero--heroes 3. Which has a correctly pluralized noun? (a) The two ladys were late. (c) The two sandwiches were eaten. (b) The two womans were late. (d) The two cupes of water. 4. Which of the following sentences uses an incorrect plural noun? (a) I broke my one pair of glasses and now I cannot see. (b) After the murder, many polices arrived on the scene of the incident. (c) A number of people attended the fiesta in V&G subdivision. (d) There was much furniture at the store.
19 5. Some words are never pluralized in English 5. Some words are never pluralized in English. Which of these is always singular? (a) appendix (c) information (b) media (d) data 6. Which sentence is grammatically correct? (a) My scissors is not cutting correctly. (c) Physics is my favorite subject. (b) Economics are a difficult subject. (d) The United States are very influential. 7. Some words have 2 acceptable plurals. Which includes an unacceptable form? (a) appendixes/appendices (c) syllabuses/syllabi (b) indexes/indices (d) criterions/criteria
20 8. Which incorrectly pluralizes a word that should be singular 8. Which incorrectly pluralizes a word that should be singular? (a) Reading will teach many facts. (c) Reading will improve your vocabularies. (b) If you read, you will gain new ideas. (d) Reading will teach you more words. 9. What is the correct plural for the word “phenomenon”? (a) phenomenones (c) phenomena (b) phenomenons (d) phenomenas 10. For words ending in “y”, what is the correct rule? (a) Add “s” after all words ending in “y” (b) Add “ies” after all words ending in “y” (c) Add “s” after words ending in vowel + y, but replace “y” with –ies for words ending in consonant + y (d) Add “s” after words ending in consonant + y, but replace “y” with –ies for words ending in vowel + y
37 Then the masculine pronouns are he, his and him
38 But imagine the feminine being She, shis and shim
39 So English, I fancy you will all agree, Is the funniest language you ever did see.
40 Topic 1: Plural NounsThere are 4 main ways to construct plural in English. There is a pattern, but there are also exceptions to the rule.word + sword + esWord ending in “y” = iesWord ending in “f” = ves
41 Word + s (*most common*) singularplurala cartwo carsa cassettetwo cassettesa lamptwo lampsa hattwo hatsa cuptwo cups
42 Word + es Sibilants include “ch” “ts” “zh” “z” “x” “s” Add “es” after sibilants. (What are sibilants?)singularplurala boxtwo boxesa sandwichtwo sandwichesa bosstwo bossesa buzztwo buzzesa couchtwo couches
43 For words ending in “y”Rule 1: After consonant + y, replace with “ies”singularplurala citytwo citiesa ladytwo ladiesRule 2: After vowel + y, add “s”singularplurala boytwo boysa daytwo days
44 For words ending “f” or “fe” Add -sReplace with -vessingularplurala rooftwo roofsa thieftwo thievesa clifftwo cliffsa wifetwo wivesa sherifftwo sheriffsa shelftwo shelves
45 For words ending in “o” Add -s Add -es singular plural a disco two discosa tomatotwo tomatoesa pianotwo pianosa potatotwo potatoesa phototwo photosa herotwo heroes
46 Activity: Pluralize these words 1. overlay2. sanctuary3. trench4. trinket5. reef6. leaf7. interruption8. informationoverlayssanctuariestrenchestrinketsreefsleavesinterruptionsinformation
47 For some words, you never add “s” (Uncountable nouns) SentencehomeworkMy Math homework was not easy.informationInformation is more available in the internet age.knowledgeHis knowledge of English is excellent.furnitureAll the furniture was on sale at the store.
48 Topic 2: Singular NounsSome nouns are singular even though they refer to plural thingsNounSentencewaterShe spilled a lot of water.fruitWould you like some fruit?hairYour hair looks lovely.riceHe always eats too much rice.
49 Some nouns end in “s” but use a singular verb SentencenewsGood evening. Here is the news.physicsPhysics is our first lesson on Monday morning.progressProgress was made in developing new technologies.The United StatesThe United States is a country with 50 states.
50 Activity: is the sentence correct? In the past decade, scientists have made many progresses in the field of genomic research.In the past decade, scientists have made much progress in the field of genomic research.
51 Activity: is the sentence correct? The furniture at the stores were very expensive.The furniture at the stores was very expensive.The items of furniture at the stores were very expensive.
55 Foreign Plurals with “a” ending Singular:DatumMediumCriterionPhenomenonPlural: Data Media Criteria Phenomena
56 Foreign Plurals with 2 forms Singular: Syllabus Index AppendixPlural:Syllabi/SyllabusesIndices/IndexesAppendixes/Appendices
57 Plurals/Singulars: Post-Test Complete the following 10 questions in 8 minutes
58 1. Which is the correct plural for the word “goose” 1. Which is the correct plural for the word “goose”? (a) gooses (b) gooves (c) geese (d) geeses 2. Which is the correct singular-plural pair? (a) reef—reeves (b) potato—potatos (c) hoof—hoofs (d) thief—thieves 3. Which of the following sentences uses an incorrect plural noun? (a) The dean approved all the syllabi. (b) The scientist computed much data. (c) Winston had many homeworks from school. (d) I learned many facts today. 4. Which has a correctly pluralized noun? (a) Three childrens (b) Four photoes (c) Two citys (d) Five boxes
59 5. Which of these is always singular 5. Which of these is always singular? (a) hair (b) knowledge (c) history (d) metonymy 6. Which sentence is grammatically correct? (a) Every day, the news are depressing. (b) The Philippines are a collection of over 7,000 islands. (c) There are many unexplained phenomena. (d) The book has three appendix. 7. Some words have 2 acceptable plurals. Which includes an unacceptable form? (a) appendixes/appendices (c) syllabuses/syllabi (b) indexes/indices (d) criterions/criteria
60 8. Which is incorrect?Economics is a difficult subjectThe nightly news was watched by 5.7 million viewers.(c) The informations about the LET were overwhelming.(d) I went to many beaches during the summer.9. What is the correct way to pluralize “basis”?bases (b) basises(c) basices (d) basis10. Which is an incorrect plural?(a) boys (b) convoies(c) quandries (d) appendices
61 Idiom LET Questions What is an idiom? Dog Cat Rain “It’s raining cats and dogs.”An idiom is a phrase where the words together have a meaning different from the dictionary definition of individual words.
62 “A penny saved is a penny earned” Explanation: This means we shouldn’t spend or waste money but instead save it. Sample sentence: “I decided to watch a movie at home instead of at the mall. After all, a penny saved is a penny earned.”
63 Complete the following 10 questions in 8 minutes. Idioms Post-testComplete the following 10 questions in 8 minutes.Tips for LET pronunciation questions1. The right answer will never be a literal translation. Eliminate answers that are too close to the original idiom.2. If you are not sure of the meaning of the idiom, make an educated guess. Ask yourself: is the idiom optimistic or pessimistic? Does the idiom sound good or bad? Then match it with an answer that has the same feeling.
64 What do the following underlined idioms mean? 1. We have waited long enough. It’s time to face the music.face the speaker (b) strive for excellence(c) listen to music (d) begin a difficult challenge2. He learned to swim through trial by fire.a court case (b) learning by doing(c) an easy experience (d) an impossible task3. The acid test for a good friendship is respect.difficult exam (b) sign of friendship(c) best way to judge (d) a lie-detector test
65 4. The banker made some risky investments 4. The banker made some risky investments. Which idiom describes her action?A dark horse (b) a ballpark figure(c) playing with fire (d) a drop in the bucket5. The actress had her day in the sun.moment of fame (b) most popular movie(c) a beautiful tan (d) significant achievement6. The government made across the board changes.(a) educational (b) systemwide(c) international (d) dangerous7. I have no preference. The ball is in your court.your hometown (b) your hobby(c) your choice (d) your possession
66 8. Don’t move to Manila. You’ll be opening a whole can of worms. spoiled food (b) a place of opportunity(c) many problems (d) many people9. Only an act of God can save us from the typhoon now.(a) belief in religion (b) humans are unable to save(c) dramatic action (d) a terrible accident10. Watch out for changes in the law next year.be prepared (b) applies to children(c) do not believe (d) be happy