Presentation on theme: "Bizarre N. Africa & SW Asia History. Ancient Machines? Located approximately 450 kilometers south of Cairo in Egypt is the very ancient city-complex of."— Presentation transcript:
Ancient Machines? Located approximately 450 kilometers south of Cairo in Egypt is the very ancient city-complex of Abydos. Believed by many to be one of the most important historical sites relating to ancient Egypt it is also the location of a set of carvings that have caused a significant amount of academic controversy amongst archeologists and historians. There are some very strange hieroglyphics in the Temple of Osiris at Abydos. According to many UFO enthusiasts and Atlantis proponents, these glyphs depict highly developed crafts, specifically a helicopter, a submarine, some form of flying saucer, and a jet plane.
ANTIKYTHERA MECHANISM The Antikythera mechanism is an ancient analog computer designed to predict astronomical positions and eclipses. analog computer astronomicaleclipses This curious mechanical device is often described as the Worlds first analogue computer was retrieved by sponge divers off the coast of Antikythera in or around 1900 AD. Scientists all agree that it is real and that it dates from some time during the 2nd century BC making it well over 2,000 years old. It comprises of a complex system of dials, gears and cogs of extraordinary precision. Experts agree that it represents a standard of production that would not be seen again until the rise of complex clocks and clockwork in the 18th century.
THE DENDERA LIGHTS There are three stone reliefs (carvings) that can be viewed in the Hathor Temple section of the Dendera Archaeological complex which is located on the banks of the Nile approximately 300 miles south of Cairo, Egypt. Some researchers claim that these images depict an ancient form of electrical technology or lighting system.
THE BAGHDAD BATTERY These strange artefacts were originally discovered in 1936 during an archaeological dig at village of Khuyut Rabbou'a which is located approximately 20 miles south east of the city centre of modern Baghdad and close to the Arch of Ctesiphon.
Djed Pillar The Austrian electrical engineer Walter Garn studied the reliefs in great detail, and reproduced the Djed pillar insulator, bulb and twisting wire. The model he built did indeed work and emit light. One piece of evidence that Ancient Egyptians may have used electricity is the absence of any traces of soot on the interior walls of their tombs and pyramids. Ifas evolutionist archaeologists maintainthey used burning torches and oil lamps for lighting, then traces of soot would inevitably have been left behind. Yet there are no such traces anywhere, not even in the very deepest chambers. It would have been impossible for construction to continue without the necessary lighting being provided nor, even more importantly, for the magnificent murals to have been painted on the walls. This strengthens the possibility that electricity was, indeed, used in Ancient Egypt.
THE VIMANAS It refers to a collection of historical records from ancient India that describe an array of incredible flying machines and weapons of a technological standard even more advanced than those in existence today. The oldest mention of these machines is found in the Sanskrit texts known as the Veda and date back to approximately 1,500 BC. A modern translation reads: jumping into space speedily with a craft using fire and water... containing twelve stamghas (pillars), one wheel, three machines, 300 pivots, and 60 instruments.
Facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza The Pyramid of Menkaure, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Pyramid of Khufu are precisely aligned with the Constellation of Orion. The interior temperature is constant and equals the average temperature of the earth, 20 Degrees Celsius (68 Degrees Fahrenheit.) The cornerstone foundations of the pyramid have ball and socket construction capable of dealing with heat expansion and earthquakes. The mortar used is of an unknown origin (Yes, no explanation given). It has been analyzed and its chemical composition is known but it cant be reproduced. It is stronger than the stone and still holding up today The granite coffer in the Kings Chamber is too big to fit through the passages and so it must have been put in place during construction. Microscopic analysis of the coffer reveals that it was made with a fixed point drill that used hard jewel bits and a drilling force of 2 tons. The weight of the pyramid is estimated at 5,955,000 tons. Multiplied by 10^8 gives a reasonable estimate of the earths mass.
The Dogon People In Mali, West Africa, lives a tribe of people called the Dogon. The Dogon are believed to be of Egyptian decent and their astronomical lore goes back thousands of years to 3200 BC. According to their traditions, the star Sirius has a companion star which is invisible to the human eye. This companion star has a 50 year elliptical orbit around the visible Sirius and is extremely heavy. It also rotates on its axis. How did a people who lacked any kind of astronomical devices know so much about an invisible star? The star, which scientists call Sirius B, wasn't even photographed until it was done by a large telescope in 1970.
Nommos The Dogon stories explain that also. According to their oral traditions, a race people from the Sirius system called the Nommos visited Earth thousands of years ago. The Nommos were ugly, amphibious beings that resembled mermen and mermaids. They also appear in Babylonian, Accadian, and Sumerian myths. The Egyptian Goddess Isis, who is sometimes depicted as a mermaid, is also linked with the star Sirius. Considering Sirius B's existence was suspected as early as 1844 and seen was through a telescope in 1862. It doesn't seem to explain a 400-year old Dogon artifact that apparently depicts the Sirius configuration nor the ceremonies held by the Dogon since the 13th century to celebrate the cycle of Sirius A and B. It also doesn't explain how the Dogons knew about the super-density of Sirius B, a fact only discovered a few years before the anthropologists recorded the Dogon stories.
Heron Of Alexandria Heron of Alexandria who was born in 20 AD. He specialized in the fields of mechanics, mathematics and physics representing the works of the Hellenistic tradition in Science. The Aeolipile was one of the first steam engines created centuries before the actual industrial revolution. The vending machine was the brainchild of Heron; the idea of inserting a coin in a machine for it to perform a certain function was mentioned in his book Mechanics and Optics. Heron was also the first to make a machine that operated with a windwheel. The theatrical world benefited from many of his inventions such as the sound effects like the thunder were produced by metal balls dropping on a drum.windwheel He gave methods of lifting heavy objects with the use of pulleys, levers and wedges. His book Baroulkos which was based on machines and lifting is lost but we know for a fact that such a book did exist. He worked with mirrors and vault construction and treatise on surveying.
Model glider found in Egypt The story began when the model was discovered in 1898 in a tomb near Sakkara. The model was then categorized as that of a bird and placed in the Egyptian museum in its designated section, with all the other bird models. In 1969 Dr. Khalil Messiha noticed the difference between this model and the rest of the birds. The typical models of the ancient Egyptian birds have legs but this one did not. Other bird models had painted feathers but not this one. The model has a 7-inch wingspan and a vertical tail, not a horizontal one like typical ancient Egyptian bird models. Messiha's brother, a flight engineer, reproduced it in balsa wood and launched it and it flew. Dr. Messiha was then sure it was a model of an airplane not a bird. The model was from the 3rd century BC, from an age of invention that followed the death of Alexander the Great. The hieroglyphs on the model airplane say "the Gift of Amon". Amon in ancient Egypt was known to be the god of wind and air and this was another proof that the model was more than a model bird. In addition to the phrase on the assumed model, the phrase "I want to fly" was found in three papyrus scripts.
THE INCA ANCIENT PLANES Archaeologist have found sophisticated pre- Incan sculptures made in the shapes very similar to that of airplanes, jets, helicopters and space shuttles. These small gold figurines are approximately two inches in length and estimated to date between 500 and 800 BCE. Some archaeologists have suggested that the figures depict animals, however, this seems most unlikely. In 1997 researchers built scaled up models of these artifacts to test their flight capabilities. The exact specifications were scaled up and made of materials used for flight of small radio controlled craft. The only addition was a small engine and propeller. The scaled up versions of the ancient aircraft flew remarkably well performing loops, rolls, turns, as well as take off and landing under the radio remote control.
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