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6th Grade UBD - Unit 3 - Egyptian Society.  Egyptian Dynasties- The Kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt united around 3100 BCE. For most of the next 3,000.

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Presentation on theme: "6th Grade UBD - Unit 3 - Egyptian Society.  Egyptian Dynasties- The Kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt united around 3100 BCE. For most of the next 3,000."— Presentation transcript:

1 6th Grade UBD - Unit 3 - Egyptian Society

2  Egyptian Dynasties- The Kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt united around 3100 BCE. For most of the next 3,000 years, this land was ruled by powerful kings called pharaohs.  Calling Rank- Ancient Egyptians ranked members of society based on their status.  Egyptian Religion- Ancient Egyptians were polytheists who believed in many gods. They also believed that the dead lived on in the afterlife.

3  Predict what effect power and social class had on the lives of ancient Egyptians? (5 minutes)

4  Work with a neighbor and compare your answer with theirs. What things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)

5  Historians divide ancient Egypt into three periods: the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom.  During these time periods, pharaohs ruled the empire. They passed their power down from one generation to another through ruling dynasties.  Pharaohs waged wars to expand their empires. They built elaborate temples and tombs that still stand throughout Egypt today.

6  Egypt’s first civilizations were small villages.  These villages were scattered along the Nile River.  During those early days, Egypt was not united.

7  Over time, the people of Egypt formed two kingdoms.  Egypt was divided into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Around 3100 BCE, the two kingdoms became one.

8  It is believed that the king of Upper Egypt led his forces into Lower Egypt.  This king was Menes. He seized control of Lower Egypt.  Menes succeeded in bringing together all the people living along the Nile into one nation.

9  Menes became Egypt’s first pharaoh, or ruler.  Egyptians believed that Menes, and the pharaohs who followed him, were not just kings. They were gods on Earth.

10 Key Term Menes- Menes was the first king, or pharaoh, of Egypt. He is credited with unifying Lower and Upper Egypt under one rule.

11 Key Term Pharaoh- A ruler of ancient Egypt.

12  Pharaohs in ancient Egypt held an incredible amount of power and influence over their subjects.  Their subjects considered them living embodiments of the god Horus.

13 Key Term Horus- The God of the sky and of the pharaohs.

14  The pharaoh’s power influenced every level of the Egyptian social structure.  Construction and adornment of their tombs and temples became large public-works projects that required countless hours of labor and enormous quantities of resources.

15  Historians today divide up Egypt’s ancient times to keep track of the changes.  They use Egypt’s many dynasties as a simple way to divide up its long history.

16 Key Term Dynasty- A series of rulers in a particular kingdom or empire, and each ruler in the series is said to be a member of the same family.

17  Historians group Egypt's history into three main time periods: ▪ The Old Kingdom ▪ The Middle Kingdom ▪ The New Kingdom

18  The time before the Old Kingdom is known as the Early Dynastic Period.  During this time, Egypt’s culture was beginning to form.  The Egyptians had not yet built large cities.

19  Between each major era were Intermediate Periods.  These periods were times of change and conflict.  No one central power ruled over all of Egypt.

20  The pharaohs ruled Egypt for 3,000 years.  Egypt’s most recognizable ancient site was built by one of its earlier pharaohs.  The Great Pyramid at Giza was built by King Khufu.

21  To build the pyramids ancient Egyptians had to use their advanced knowledge of geometry and architecture.  The ancient Egyptians combined this knowledge with the use of huge amounts of physical labor.

22 Key Term Pyramid- A large stone structure that is built with a square base and has triangular- shaped sides that meet in a point at the top.

23 Video- Pyramids at Giza

24  The ancient Egyptians believed that pharaohs were gods.  A small group of government officials and priests served the pharaohs.  The majority of Egyptians were farmers.  Enslaved people had the lowest status in ancient Egypt.

25 Video- Social Classes

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27  The pharaoh was the most powerful person in all of Egypt.  However, every person had a role to play in Egyptian society.

28  Ancient Egyptians were born into a social group.  They usually continued in the same jobs as their parents.  Scientists study the sculptures and paintings that were left behind in ancient cities.

29  Every class in the social structure contributed to Egyptian society.  All classes supported the power of the pharaoh.  The pharaoh made decisions about war, building projects, and who would rule next.

30 Reading Handout- Slavery in Ancient Egypt

31  To prepare for the afterlife, pharaohs order their subjects to build elaborate tombs. They filled the tombs with fine objects.  After death, a pharaoh’s body was carefully mummified, or preserved, by priests. Then it was placed in its tomb.

32  The ancient Egyptians held very strong religious beliefs.  For most of their history, they practiced polytheism, or the worship of many gods.

33  Anubis: God of the dead. Guided dead souls to the underworld  Isis: Goddess of fertility and motherhood. Wife of Osiris and mother of Horus  Osiris: God of the underworld and resurrection  Horus: God of the sky and of the pharaohs  Seth: God of the desert and violence. Brother of Osiris

34  Ancient Egyptians believed in the presence of their souls.  Their souls were the part of them that would continue to live in the underworld after their bodies had died.

35  Most Egyptians wanted to be buried near their relatives and friends.  They also were buried with prized belongings, like jewelry.  They wanted to have these items with them in the afterlife.

36  Statues, jewelry, and paintings all went into the tomb.  Paintings and carvings on the wall celebrated a pharaoh’s life.  Once a pharaoh died, skilled priests began to preserve the body.

37  Egyptians from all social classes were mummified to prepare for the afterlife.  However, the process was very expensive. The richest and most powerful could afford the most elaborate burials, while poorer, less powerful Egyptians had simple burials.

38 Video- The Afterlife

39  The ancient Egyptians’ focus on the afterlife is one reason that their culture has been so well preserved.  Builders made secure buildings to house the pharaohs’ bodies after death. Artists and scribes created works to record the past of the pharaohs.  Tomb art, including hieroglyphics, gives historians clues about what happened in ancient Egypt.

40 Key Term Hieroglyphics- Symbols or pictures that stand for objects, ideas, or sounds.

41  What has been the “muddiest” point so far in this lesson? That is, what topic remains the least clear to you? (4 minutes)

42  Work with a neighbor and compare your muddiest point with theirs. Compare what things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)


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