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Recycling of mercury containing lamps in Flanders ETT 53729 – Kiev, Ukraine 25-26.11.2013 Christof Delatter Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities.

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Presentation on theme: "Recycling of mercury containing lamps in Flanders ETT 53729 – Kiev, Ukraine 25-26.11.2013 Christof Delatter Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities."— Presentation transcript:

1 Recycling of mercury containing lamps in Flanders ETT 53729 – Kiev, Ukraine 25-26.11.2013 Christof Delatter Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities Tel. +32 2 211.55.99 E-mail:

2 VVSG - This Presentation About Flanders Results of Flemish waste management policy Basic competences WEEE legislation WEEE collection Recycling of mercury containing lamps Financing

3 VVSG - Flanders (1) 3 Belgian regions: Flanders, Brussels, Wallonia Land area Flanders: ± 13.500 km² (45% of Belgium) Flat coastal plains in northwest, central rolling hills Population: just over 6 million Population density: ± 440 inh./km² Intense pressures from human activities: densely populated, dense transportation network, industry, intensive cattle breeding (millions of porcs, chickens, cows) and crop cultivation High quantities of waste pressure on land use

4 VVSG - Flanders (2) 308 municipalities Average population: ± 18.000 inh/municipality Smallest municipality: 84 inhabitants Largest city: 472.071 inhabitants Rural municipalities as well as densely populated cities All are member of VVSG Waste management largely organized through intermunicipal cooperation

5 VVSG - Flanders (3)

6 VVSG - Flemish waste management: results (1) Very successful separate collection: Results at the top Doorstep collection of lots of recyclables Bring system (> 340 civic amenity sites) Very high recycling rate 2002: first year in which the growth in waste production stopped Since 2006: no more landfilling of household waste Commercial waste…?

7 VVSG - Flemish waste management: results (2)

8 VVSG - Flemish waste management: results (3) 20101991 Production 525 kg /inhabitant/year 406 kg /inhabitant/year Separate collection (total) 374 kg /inhabitant/year 71 % 75 kg /inhabitant/year = 18 % Residual waste 150 kg* /inhabitant/year 331 kg /inhabitant/year *all of it incinerated with energy recovery

9 VVSG - Competences (1) In Belgium: regions have considerable political autonomy fully responsible for environmental matters (incl. spatial planning), except: Nuclear waste Waste transit through Belgium Product Policy European and International Policy (joint decisionmaking) Regional waste management legislation, waste management planning with objectives, targets, minimum requirements for service

10 VVSG - Competences (2) One public waste authority on Flemish (regional) level, established in 1981 (OVAM), responsible for working out regional waste management plans Municipalities are legally responsible for organizing the collection and treatment of household waste Free choice between organizing through own (inter)municipal services; tendering; public-private partnerships Producer responsibility for certain waste streams like WEEE, packaging waste, batteries,… Fluorescent and energy saving lamps are included in producer responsibility for WEEE

11 VVSG - WEEE - Legislation (1) 1997: decision for gradual introduction of PR for WEEE: 1 for 1 take back obligation to start on 1st of July 1999 But…… Municipalities already collected WEEE on civic amenity sites (mostly as scrap metal) Producers not very keen to start with own collection system Hard negotiations about responsibilities and cost of collection Agreement between producers and central government was reached in 2001 Collection by the producers started on 1st of July 2001 (2 years later than required in legislation) Only one recognized organism of WEEE-industry in Belgium (for household WEEE) : Recupel -

12 VVSG - WEEE - Legislation (2) Today: acceptance duty and deal covering most costs for collection on civic amenity sites Recupel: Not for profit organization of producers and importers Receives the environmental fees paid by consumers Organizes tenders for collection and treatment (is no collector of waste itself) Has to agree on contracts with local authorities collecting WEEE Provides a collection container Reports to the government on quantities put on the market and collected for recycling Organizes national communication campaignsnational communication Supports local communication

13 VVSG - WEEE - Collection (1) Consumer Reuse centerShopMunicipality Regional transfer station (intermunicipal organisation) Waste transportation company Recycling/treatment companies

14 VVSG - WEEE-Collection (2) Quantities collected in Belgium (mercury containing lights) Pas aan bij: Invoegen / Koptekst en Voettekst14 -12-6-2014

15 VVSG - Collection on civic amenity sites

16 VVSG - Recycling of mercury containing lamps (1) In Flanders: 2 companies for recycling of mercury containing lamps (Indaver Relight and Steenhaut) Treatment process: Fluorescent powder is forced out of the lamps with compressed air Lamps are broken into fine pieces and sieved into different fractions: Iron Glass Mercury containing fluorescent powder Metals and glass go to post purification step (treatment at 200 °C) to make them totally mercury free and fit for recycling Distillation and recovery of mercury from the fluorescent powder

17 VVSG - Recycling of mercury containing lamps (2)

18 VVSG - Recycling of mercury containing lamps (3)

19 VVSG - Recycling of mercury containing lamps (4)

20 VVSG - WEEE - Financing (1) Tax payer Consumer Recupel (producers) Shops Waste companies Regional transfer stations (intermunicipal) Municipalities Reuse centers

21 VVSG - WEEE-Financing (2) Current product fees for LED-lamps, fluorescent light bulbs and energy saving lamps: 0,20 euro including VAT (0,1653 VAT not included) Appliances with integrated lamps: environmental fee is integrated in the total fee for the appliance For collection, municipalities receive a fee: 0,0080 euro/inhabitant/year 90,40 euro per tonne collected Transport, treatment, recycling is funded directly by Recupel -

22 VVSG - Conclusions Producer responsibility has proven to be a strong tool to enhance collection and treatment of mercury containing lamps Easy path to create necessary cash flow, but integration of full environmental cost is an absolute condition Stability allowing investment in treatment Cooperation with municipalities for collection Give consumers different well chosen options Even in Flanders: still a long way to go to capture all mercury containing lamps

23 VVSG - Questions ?

24 VVSG -

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