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Flanders Waste Management Plan Example for SE European

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Presentation on theme: "Flanders Waste Management Plan Example for SE European"— Presentation transcript:

1 Flanders Waste Management Plan Example for SE European
Countries Dr. S. Helsen Zagreb 25/11/2010

2 Situation of Flanders North Belgium Pop. 6 million Area 13.600 km²
# Municip. 308 2

3 Need for Waste Management Plan
1970’s poorly managed landfills  pollution 1980’s  competences from national to regional level  re-organisation of Assoc. of Municipalities 1981  waste management and soil remediation competences centralised  Public Waste Agency Flemish Waste Decree based on : prevention, reuse, recycling, incineration, disposal Five Waste Management (Implementation) Plans since 1986 3

4 First WMP (1986-1990): Making order out of chaos
Closing and redeveloping landfills Maximum use of existing incineration capacity and separate collection of municipal waste Cost depositing at landfill and incineration raised First step towards waste prevention and recovery 4

5 Second WMP (1991-1995): Built on previous success
Necessary policy instruments + infrastructure for segregation at source Separate door-to-door collection of municipal waste streams and recovery Network of recycling yards Infrastructure for collection and processing of VFG and green waste Focused on waste minimisation and recovery 5

6 Third WMP (1997- 2001): Targets to reduce residual Waste
Partnership with non-profit organisation Recoverable materials from bulky waste Prevention /reuse through composting (home/industrial) Development reuse centres network Waste prevention public awareness Incineration: construction postponed, capacity reduced, optimisation with energy recovery systems Landfill deposits further reduced 6

7 Fourth WMP (2003- 2007): Evaluation of Previous Plan
Main goal consolidate results and ensure progress Implementation, acceleration, intensification of plan Effective instruments adopted to achieve wide-range of objectives Aim: achieving sustainable development and permanent management of materials Covering entire material chain: production of materials, goods and products to treatment of household waste 7

8 Fifth WMP (2008- 2015): 3 Target objectives
Environmentally responsible consumption habits Buy and use environmental friendly products Government stimulates and sends message to adapt behavioural consumption to fit new practices Objective 2 Reduction of residual waste production without affecting the quantities of materials consumed Objective 3 Final waste treatment: BATNEEC 8

9 Objectives of 5th WMP aim at: Minimum waste produced
Re-introduction of waste in material chain  recycling Disposal of materials in environmentally friendly way Action programmes: Prevention, lowered consumption and re-use Selective collection and recycling Final treatment 9

10 Results: Residual waste reduction
Targets continuously evaluated and updated Targets achieved faster; e.g. target for 2006: 3rd WMP  220 kg/head 4th WMP  160 kg/head Proposed long-term target :150 kg/head 10

11 Incineration and bio-mechanical pre-treatment of household waste
Objective Separate collection WMP 2003 – 2007 66 % in 2000 69 % in 2008 Cessation landfilling 11

12 Waste disposal levies vs quantities of landfilled waste 1990-2008

13 CH4 and electricity production, Flemish landfills 1990-2006
Waste-to-Energy CH4 and electricity production, Flemish landfills 13

14 Energy production from incineration of household waste

15 Discussion Waste Implementation plans: key to success
Impressive results in reduction, reuse, etc., since 2007 70 % of household waste collected separately less than 3% deposited in landfill WMP goals achieved Legislation focus : prevention and recovery of waste (decrees amended) WMP targets for and have been met or likely to be met 15

16 Regulation modifications / adaptations (obligatory)
Mix of policy measures Regulation modifications / adaptations (obligatory) Voluntary agreements Market-based instruments Population communication and initiatives Agreements, consensus-based policy preferred Interesting policy outcomes Population acceptance, willingness to segregate and compost waste Waste management and littering high in political agenda 16

17 Implementation Plan for 5 years - key measure
Comprises provisions for all public authorities All relevant parties involved in process Contribution with suggestions relationship between waste targets and agreements with municipalities happens naturally Legal instruments Uncontrolled landfill and incineration prohibitions Methodical approach to waste problems Waste approach based on producer responsibility (take back obligations) and polluter-pays principle High landfill tax: incentive to recover & recycle waste 17

18 Intermunicipal co-operation recommended
Municipalities controlling and financing waste services: Fixed (yearly) tax & cash tax (Pay-As-You-Throw) Reduction of residual waste Development of recycling infrastructure network (ca. 350 yards), incl. composting activities, etc. Public Private Partnerships (contracting, participation, concessions) Total cost: 220 € / household (2.4 persons) 18

19 Sorting and recycling natural resources and energy savings
Recycling contributes to saving natural resources : Aluminium, steel, PET plastic, glass, cardboard,… Recycling saves energy: Recycled steel requires up to 85% less energy, etc. Reducing energy consumption reduces CO2 In 2008 ca. 680,000 t household waste recycled in BE  850,000 t of CO2 emissions avoided Sorting = reflex ! 95% of Belgians sort their waste Awareness raising can never stop (schools, firms, ... ) 19

20 From waste management to sustainable material management
Waste chain managed as one : from "cradle to grave" or from “cradle to cradle“ Waste management linked to sustainable material management (worldwide evolution) Depletion of resources and environmental pressure from material reduced Challenge : providing sustainable material management policy whilst having a growing economy, production and consumption on a global scale 20

21 Waste management: new economic sector Collecting, sorting
and recycling: growing economic sector Recycling sector employs 2,500 people in BE Waste management offers 8,000 jobs in Flanders Recycling market stable Crisis not affected trends in quantity of household packaging put on market 21

22 Waste Management in Flanders
Conclusions: 25 years of Waste Management in Flanders Impressive waste management system, one of the best in EU Final disposal in landfills almost ceased / landfill mining! Packaging waste largely recycled or reused Incineration for heat or energy recovery Innovative techniques for better waste treatment Municipalities responsible for implementation of waste policies & organised through intermunicipal cooperations and PPP constructions 22

23 Setting the example In Flanders: “There is no such thing as waste”
Export of experience and knowhow to SE European countries, based on lessons learnt Advice and technical assistance Innovation and technologies Legal instruments Economical instruments Social instruments Challenge: most appropriate instrument or mix of instruments to achieve targets 23

24 Thank you for the attention
ECOREM NV / SA Headquarters: Kontichsesteenweg 38 Keizer Karellaan 292B 16 Place de l’Université B – 2630 Aartselaar Av. Charles Quint 292B B – 1348 Ottignies T B – 1083 Brussel/ Bruxelles T F T Ecorem is a member of the Exequtes Group –

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