Presentation on theme: "Household waste management in Flanders Christof Delatter Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities Tel. +32 2 211.55.99"— Presentation transcript:
Household waste management in Flanders Christof Delatter Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities Tel
Flanders (2) Regions: considerable political autonomy Region fully responsible for environmental matters (incl. spatial planning), except: Nuclear waste Waste transit through Belgium Product Policy European and International Policy (joint decisionmaking)
Flanders (3) One public waste authority on Flemish (regional) level, established in 1981 (OVAM), responsible for working out regional waste management plans Municipalities are responsible for the collection and treatment of household waste Own (inter)municipal services; Tendering; Public-private partnerships Producer responsibility for certain waste streams Commercial waste: ‘free market’
Results (1) Very successful separate collection: Results at the top Doorstep collection of lots of recyclables Bring system (> 340 civic amenity sites) Very high recycling rate 2002: first year in which the growth in waste production stopped Since 2006: no more landfilling of household waste Large number of people compost at home PAYT is generalized BAT waste treatment facilities
Results (3) Household waste Production 524 kg /inhabitant/year 406 kg /inhabitant/year Separate collection (total) 374 kg /inhabitant/year 71,4 % 75 kg /inhabitant/year = 18 % Residual waste 150 kg* /inhabitant/year 331 kg /inhabitant/year *all of it incinerated with energy recovery
Flanders: waste collection before 1991 No selective collection Waste collected twice/ week Any bag or container can be used All household waste to incineration or landfill
Introduction selective waste collection -1991: start of selective collection of household waste Residual household waste ‘dry’ or ‘wet’ fraction Hazardous waste -Now: Organic waste Paper and cardboard Glass PMD (plastic and metal packaging) Metals Textiles...
Selective collection requires engagement from citizens: -New bags or containers for each waste type -Slightly more expensive for citizens -Sorting rules not always easy -More space needed to keep each waste type separately Stakeholder engagement is crucial Mix of policy instruments Introduction selective waste collection
Continuous improvements (1) 2013: ‘Better Sorting Team’ Reporting waste issues through mobile app
From curbside waste collection to underground waste collection and sorting points in densily populated areas Continuous improvements (2)
Continuous improvements (3) Waste sorting streets? Underground containers for selective household waste collection: Residual household waste, Paper, GFT, Glass Accessible to a limited pre-determined number of people. (Electronically) monitored: “Pay as you throw”.
Access pass: top up at top-up point or by bank transfer Access: 7/7, between 7 am and 10 pm Bring-your-waste (1)
-No need to keep waste at home (especially important for small dwellings) -Access-card controlled -Less odour nuisance -No torn bags, no messy streetscape -Flexible, because open 7 days a week Bring-your-waste (2)
-Small size dwelling: the regular and quick disposal of waste is definitely a must. -Great diversity of languages and cultures: no more issues reading the waste collection calendar; no rescheduled collection days (due to holidays). -Keeping truck traffic off the residential streets -Less illegal dumping Bring-your-waste (3)
The way forward for Flanders? Keep up the good work Environmental problems do not stop at country borders – What price is the citizen willing to pay? – €10 extra investments in our country = marginal result What if we invest that same €10 in developing countries? – Only one way forward: dialogue, solidarity, cooperation