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LEfficacité Energétique Energy Efficiency G15 – Dakar 6 November 2012 Benoit Lebot UNDP Climate Change Advisor

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Presentation on theme: "LEfficacité Energétique Energy Efficiency G15 – Dakar 6 November 2012 Benoit Lebot UNDP Climate Change Advisor"— Presentation transcript:

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2 LEfficacité Energétique Energy Efficiency G15 – Dakar 6 November 2012 Benoit Lebot UNDP Climate Change Advisor

3 Δ CostsEnergy Saved 85 Energy Efficiency Split Air Conditioners $ kWh/year Solar PV Roof on terrace of building $ kWh/year

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5 IEA World Energy Outlook 2008: Reductions in energy- related CO 2 emissions in the climate-policy scenarios Reference Scenario 450 Policy Scenario CCS Renewable & biofuel Nuclear Energy efficiency Gigatonnes 54% 23% 14% 9%

6 Trend in Green House Gases Low Carbon Path Change Behavior Today Tomorrow

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9 Trend in Green House Gases Low Carbon Path Change Behavior Improve Efficiency Today Tomorrow

10 Energy Efficiency

11 33% 90% 5% <1.5 % !

12 95% 5% 55% Advanced Gas Turbine 2.6 %

13 55% Advanced Gas Turbine 95% 25% 13 %

14 100% 95% 25% 24 %

15 Le cas de léclairage: vers des techniques de moins en moins carbonées kg CO2/year 150 kg 100 kg 70 kg 18 kg 0 kg

16 Généraliser les Foyers Améliorés

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18 Trend in Green House Gases Low Carbon Path Change Behavior Improve Efficiency Renewable Energy REDD & Sequestration Today Tomorrow

19 Trend in Green House Gases Low Carbon Path Behavior Efficiency Renewable Energy REDD & Sequestration

20 Household ID kWh/an Source : SAVE/Ecodrôme 98 ADEME - Cabinet O. SIDLER Energy consumption of Fridges & Freezers Measured Energy Consumption of Refrigerators & Freezers in 20 Households

21 Metered Energy Saved with Efficient Refrigerators & Freezers in 20 Households

22 CO 2

23 Metered Energy Saved with Efficient Lighting of 20 Households Household ID kWh/an Energy saved after replacing bulbs Consumption after replacing bulbs Source : SAVE/Ecodrôme 98 Average Savings : 244 kWh / (an.house) ADEME - Cabinet O. SIDLER ADEMECEE

24 No thermal insulation in roof South facing wall without solar protection = Unecessary heat loads Lighting the stars Artificiel lighting during daylight both indoor & outdoor Air conditioners to evacuate The heat loads Unsealed doors Single glazing No solar protection No shade, Openn windows in winter time when heating system is on Energy is being wasted: Analyse of a commercial building

25 24 Source: MED-ENEC Project 2009

26 25 Evolution of the space heating consumption of a new house in France kWh/m 2 /year - 60% -90%

27 Energy Efficiency in the Building Code in Senegal Status: Under implementation $1 million in GEF $3 million co-financing

28 Technology Transfer: Typha-based Thermal Insulation Material Production in Senegal Status: Under implementation $2 million in GEF $3.4 million co-financing

29 How to bring energy efficient equipment & system to the market?

30 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient First, lets understand where the Market is 0

31 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient 0

32 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient 0

33 % of Market 0 Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient

34 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Higher Lower 0 Current Stock 2012

35 % of Market Higher Lower 0 Current Stock 2012 New Buildings Energy Efficiency Scale

36 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Higher Lower 0 Current Building Stock 2012 Building Stock 2050 Objective

37 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient Current Supply

38 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient Current Supply Supply 2015 Policy Objective The Objective is to Transform the Market

39 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient 0 Setting a Minimum Energy Performance Standard MEPS 2014

40 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient 0 The question is where to setting the Minimum Energy Performance Standard? MEPS 2014

41 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient Current Supply

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43 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient 0 Market Transformation: Building an Information Label Top 25%

44 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient 0 In some countries 5 Energy Efficiency Categories Market Transformation: A Model

45 Appliance Energy Label

46 % of Market Energy Efficiency Scale Less Efficient More Efficient 0 ABCDEFG In the EU, 7 Energy Efficiency Categories Market Transformation: A Model

47 Energy 350 More efficient Less efficient A B C D E F G A Manufacturer Model Logo ABC 123 Energy consumption kWh/year (Based on standard test results for 24h) Actual consumption will depend on how the appliance is used and where it is located Further information is contained in product brochures Fresh food volume I Frozen food volume I (dB(A)re 1 pW) Noise Norm EN 153 May 1990 Refrigerator Label Directive 94/2/EC The European Appliance Energy Label

48 Does the label work?

49 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% ABCDEFG Energy label class Share of models/market More EfficientLess Efficient Transforming the Equipment Market Impact of EU Label on Market of Cold Appliance BECADFG

50 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% ABCDEFG Energy label class Share of models/market EU Market 1992 More EfficientLess Efficient Transforming the Equipment Market Impact of EU Label on Market of Cold Appliance BECADFG

51 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% ABCDEFG Energy label class Share of models/market EU Market 1996 EU Market 1992 More EfficientLess Efficient Transforming the Equipment Market Impact of EU Label on Market of Cold Appliance BECADFG

52 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% ABCDEFG Energy label class Share of models/market EU Market 1999 EU Market 1996 EU Market 1992 More EfficientLess Efficient Transforming the Equipment Market Impact of EU Label on Market of Cold Appliance BECADFG

53 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% ABCDEFG Energy label class Share of models/market EU Market 1999 EU Market 1996 EU Market 1992 More EfficientLess Efficient EU Market 2003 Transforming the Equipment Market Impact of EU Label on Market of Cold Appliance BECADFG

54 BECADFG A+ A ++

55 Annual Market Share % 1999: MEPS Transforming the Equipment Market Impact of EU Label on Market of Cold Appliance

56 © by GfK MS, - Italy - SDA-MDA Dept. European Freezers Market in 2002

57 © by GfK MS, - Italy - SDA-MDA Dept. European Refrigerators Market in 2002

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61 Labels of Light Sources

62 Beyond the label

63 European Car Label In application of EU Directive 99/94/EC, Several Countries (Denmark, NL, BE...) have selected the above format for Car Labelling G C

64 Energy Label also used for Buildings B In Austria, UK, Denmark, France…. private homes are being labeled F D

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67 54+ countries with 80% of the Worlds population have standards and labelling

68 Most Products that Will Use Energy in Buildings in 2025 Have Not Yet Been Made End Use Energy Consumption in % 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% EuropeAfrica Energy Consumption (% of total) New stock Stock pre-2009

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71 Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards in the US $2/Home $150/Home

72 Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards in the US $2/Home $150/Home $600/Home $450/Home

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74 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Percentage of Market Low Carbon Footprint High Carbon Footprint 6 Steps to move towards a low carbon building stock 2. Knowledge & understanding B E C A D F G 3.Rating & Benchmarking R&D 4. Research, & Demonstration 5. Set Minimum Standards 6. DSM, $ incentives, CDM …. 1. Set Right Price Signal $

75 Reduction in GHG GtCO2E per year Cost of Abattement $ / tCO2E/yr Some Mitigation Options Come at Negative Cost to Society O 2O 4O 6O -6O -4O -2O

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77 Policies & barriers GEF, ODA Incentives FiTs, taxes, loans, CDM Carbon finance PoAs, sectoral crediting Research, development, demonstration Technology transfer

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79 Scénario tendanciel TWh Renouvelables Uranium Pétrole Charbon Gaz

80 Scénario nW TWh Gaz Charbon Pétrole Uranium Renouvelables Efficacité demande Efficacité sur offre Sobriété

81 80 Scenario Negawatt pour la France

82 Inefficient Products to Museum All over the World!


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