Presentation on theme: "4G Mobile Technology – Towards Open Architecture and Open Spectrum"— Presentation transcript:
14G Mobile Technology – Towards Open Architecture and Open Spectrum Prof. Willie W. Lu, Ph.DFormer Stanford Professor & Advisor of FCC-TACChairman & Executive Director, USCWCIndependent Advisor & Examiner, EU/US/China/CA/etc.
2Commercial Mobile Communications Laws No single Radio Transmission Technology (RTT or Wireless Standard) can do both broadband high-speed and seamless mobilityLow cost, high performance, easy to use, efficient spectrum utilization are key issues for market acceptanceThe mobile device is evolving from a traditional transmissions-specific radio system to the future interface-base system. This future mobile terminal will be relying on Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) platform for complete openness and simplicityRequirements for Mobile Internet Terminal (MIT)Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) in System Architecture supporting adaptive multiple RTTSOpen Spectrum Planning and Management – at least supporting dynamic spectrum allocationAffordability in services and applications – low cost though not cheapMarket: incl. trends and drivers, forecasts and implicationsBusiness Strategies: incl. mobile data value chain, mobile ISP business model, key success factorsCase Studies: DoCoMo, Virgin, probably SoneraBusiness Plan: business plans, business development support from Siemens
3We have fundamental problem in the existing wireless communication architecture, and need to reshape the industry based on open architecture!Summary in Advance4G can support high-speed (up to 100Mbps), but high-speed is not 4G4G will focus on Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) technology instead of purely high-speed transmissionMobile WiMAX can NOT support seamless mobility, but is OK for nomadic or limited mobilityTD-SCDMA has many technical issues to be solved: Network Optimization and Further R&D will take at least ten yearsWireless Mobile Internet will face big challenge if the underlying wireless transmission architecture is not openOpen spectrum planning is relying on optimal modeling of digital GPS map and digital spectrum map of the service areaMarket: incl. trends and drivers, forecasts and implicationsBusiness Strategies: incl. mobile data value chain, mobile ISP business model, key success factorsCase Studies: DoCoMo, Virgin, probably SoneraBusiness Plan: business plans, business development support from Siemens
4China Long-Term Evolution Government’s Role in China Wireless/Mobile IndustryGSMWLAN/BWAChina Long-Term EvolutionOWATD-SCDMAOne DeviceOne NumberOne DreamTD-OFDMAMissions and ObjectivesOpen system architectureOpen spectrum planningOpen OS and Application platformTruly User’s Phone, not Provider or Vendor’s Phone
5Next Billion Users to Come from Emerging Markets North AmericaJapanW. Europe341 M128 M398 MSubscriber Penetration RatePopulation1,048 M1,337 M1,142 M1,432 M“More than 3 billion people live within wireless coverage but cannot afford it.”“No Single Wireless Standard can do both broadband high-speed and seamless mobility.”-- Willie W. Lu%Latin AmericaChinaIndiaAfrica, ME & Australia20052010Source: iSuppli, 1Q06
6What’s 4G Mobile Technologies Open Wireless Architecture (OWA)Cost-effective and spectrum-effective high speed wireless transmission4G can support high-speed transmission, but High-speed is NOT 4G
7Wireless Standards Complexity Multiples ANY DEVICESEAMLESS CONNECTIVITYANY NETWORKCellularWMANWLANWPANBroadcastNavigationGSMGPRSEDGEUMTSHSDPAHSUPA3.9G4GCellular802.16d802.16eWMAN802.11b802.11g802.11a802.11nWLANUWBRFIDBluetoothWPANA-GPSGalileoNavigationDVB-HISDB-TDMBBroadcast DTVFMBroadcast RadioHDDABANY WHEREANY TIMEWithout open wireless architecture, the wireless industry will be totally messed-up
8Single Global Standard is IMPOSSIBLE Market: incl. trends and drivers, forecasts and implicationsBusiness Strategies: incl. mobile data value chain, mobile ISP business model, key success factorsCase Studies: DoCoMo, Virgin, probably SoneraBusiness Plan: business plans, business development support from Siemens
9Typical Cell Phone Block Diagram – Path to OWA AudioLNARXSynthTXRadioCODECUserInterfaceDigital Baseband LogicPAMemoryDisplayPassivesPower ManagementSiGe BICMOSHi VoltageDeep Submicron DigitalDiscrete Passives: SAW Filters, etc.Analog CMOSFLASH EEPROMCost/area/interface are key goalsWe need open architecture to define open interfaces between modules
11ICT Open Architecture Law “The reason we had Apple Computer is because it defined the Open Computer Architecture,The reason we had Cisco Systems is because it defined the Open Network Architecture,The world is at the edge to define the Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) to liberate the whole wireless industry.”Prof. Willie W. Lu, Dow Jones WI’2007
12KPCB’s View on Future Mobile Phone In the Churchill Club "Top Ten Trends" on March 28th, 2007 in San Jose, John Doerr of Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers said his prediction is that the cell phone will be the next PC.Open architectured mobile phone gives consumers more choices for things to hang on their belts.
13Simplicity – The Life of Phone Simplicity and Openness has become the very critical issues in designing the future mobile phone. According to Junko Yoshida, news editor of EE Times, ease of use has become a "grave issue" in engineering including mobile phone industry. Designers, she said, must "listen to the SOS from consumers". Doug Engelhart, inventor of the computer mouse, considered many options for navigation on a computer screen but chose the mouse because it tested best with users, and most importantly, for its simplicity!
14(for these to be pervasive) End-user interaction will evolve from many purpose-specific devices to integrated open smart environmentsSTAGE2 : DEVICE BOOMNon-traditional device proliferationIntegrated voice / data servicesDifferent devices for distinct market segmentsSTAGE1 :TRADITIONAL DEVICESIndividual standalone devicesTraditional Form factor e.g. phones, PC, printerWire-based point-to-pointconnections e.g. PC to printer4STAGE4 : TRULY OPEN SMART ENVIRONMENT by OWAFull network integration e.g. power, copper, cable, all wirelessSingle command & control device e.g. voice, gestures (cameras / sensors)Self-learning intelligence, virtual agentsSTAGE3: INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTBroadband availabilityAll integrated entertainment / voice / data servicesNo-wires (fully portable) networkDevices interact with each otherPenetration3Market: incl. trends and drivers, forecasts and implicationsBusiness Strategies: incl. mobile data value chain, mobile ISP business model, key success factorsCase Studies: DoCoMo, Virgin, probably SoneraBusiness Plan: business plans, business development support from Siemens2VoiceDataVideo12000 (Today)200320052010Time(for these to be pervasive)
15OWA Enables Personal Communications Back to Life Again @ homeVoice / Internet / IPTVIn-flightVoice / Internet@ officeVoice / Corporate NetworkWirelessVoice / MultimediaData / Corporate / Personal
16A True iPhone should comprise: Service-oriented mobility platform rather than wireless standard-specific platformHigh spectrum utilization efficiencyEnhanced security featuresOpen wireless air interfacesThat’s relying on Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) technology
17The Future Services Environment with underlying OWA Layer EnterpriseMobile WorkforceDigital OfficeData CenterMOTERFIDFactory / WarehouseSensorsFirewallInternetService ProvidersDigital CitiesMobile Consumers & WorkforcesDigital HomesDigital Offices (SMB)Outsourced, Supplier, and Customer Data CentersFirewallBusiness Processes & WorkflowsOpen Wireless Architecture (OWA)Virtualized Compute, Network & StorageService - Oriented ArchitectureConverged Wireless and Mobile PlatformService - Oriented Infrastructure
18End-To-End (E2E) IP Mobile Network Global IPNetwork (Internet)GWOpen Wireless Architecture (OWA) across wireless and wirelineLANxDSLEnd toEnd IPHandsetSmartphonePersonal IntelligentCommunicatorPCMCIA-CardPhoneNotebook
19QoS Framework for OWA E2E-IP Mobile Networks End-to-End QoS(IntServ/DiffServ Mix)IntServNetwork EdgeDiffServNetwork CoreIntServNetwork EdgeLeafRouterLeafRouterMobileHostApplicationServerCoreRouterQoSAPIOWARTTRSVPIPv6 TransportAll-IP Personal CommunicationsRSVPQoSAPIOWA Classification/Shaping/MarkingClassification/ShapingOWA Classification/Shaping/Marking
24GSM/WiMax/TD-SCDMA 3-in-1 Cdma2000/W-LAN/WIMAX 3-in-1 OWA Product Definition (RF, BB, NET, OS, APP)W-LAN/WCDMA/BT 3-in-1GSM/WiMax/TD-SCDMA 3-in-1Cdma2000/W-LAN/WIMAX 3-in-1WiMax/cdma2000/MIMO 3-in-1GSM/GPRS/UMTS/WLAN/WIMAX 5-in-1Products change every 18 months, but architectures never change in at least 20 years
25Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) Interoperable Open Radio Access Technologies Provide Optimal Response to End User NeedsGPRSEDGEWIMAXGSMSatellitePWLANUMTS FDD (W-CDMA)UMTS TDD (TD-SCDMA)Best for Spectrum Management Access vs. Mobile Spectrum Sharing Spectrum RecyclingOpen Wireless Architecture (OWA)
26Open Convergence – The Key for New Mobile Value Chain Content Value ChainContent creationContent managementContent publishing/ provisionContext establishment (Portal)Mobile Data Value Chain – Applications and Content are the Main Challenges and Opportunities in the New Mobile Data Value ChainTelecommunication Value ChainMiddlewareApplicationsContentNew!NetworkOperationEquipmentTerminalServiceprovisiontraditionalRequirement assessmentApplication designApplication prototypingImplemen- tationApplication provisionApplication Value ChainGrowth opportunities for OWA players appear with new applications and content businessOpen Convergence – The Key for New Mobile Value ChainSource: Siemens
28Founder of OWA Mobile Phone Technology The future mobile phone can basically support any wireless standards by inserting different wireless interface SIM cards or multiple interfaces in one SIM card---- referred to “LU Model” in the industry
29For more 4G technical issues, visit: 9th WWC-4G Summit in San Jose, May at: 4Gsummit.com or other 4G mobile events at: 4Gmobile.com