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I - 1 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May 14-15 4Gsummit.com I - 1 © 9 th World Wireless Congress®

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Presentation on theme: "I - 1 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May 14-15 4Gsummit.com I - 1 © 9 th World Wireless Congress®"— Presentation transcript:

1 I - 1 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com I - 1 © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Prof. Willie W. Lu, Ph.D Former Stanford Professor & Advisor of FCC-TAC Chairman & Executive Director, USCWC Independent Advisor & Examiner, EU/US/China/CA/etc. 4G Mobile Technology – Towards Open Architecture and Open Spectrum

2 I - 2 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Commercial Mobile Communications Laws 1.No single Radio Transmission Technology (RTT or Wireless Standard) can do both broadband high-speed and seamless mobility 2.Low cost, high performance, easy to use, efficient spectrum utilization are key issues for market acceptance 3.The mobile device is evolving from a traditional transmissions-specific radio system to the future interface-base system. This future mobile terminal will be relying on Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) platform for complete openness and simplicity Requirements for Mobile Internet Terminal (MIT) Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) in System Architecture supporting adaptive multiple RTTS Open Spectrum Planning and Management – at least supporting dynamic spectrum allocation Affordability in services and applications – low cost though not cheap

3 I - 3 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Summary in Advance 4G can support high-speed (up to 100Mbps), but high-speed is not 4G 4G will focus on Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) technology instead of purely high-speed transmission Mobile WiMAX can NOT support seamless mobility, but is OK for nomadic or limited mobility TD-SCDMA has many technical issues to be solved: Network Optimization and Further R&D will take at least ten years Wireless Mobile Internet will face big challenge if the underlying wireless transmission architecture is not open Open spectrum planning is relying on optimal modeling of digital GPS map and digital spectrum map of the service area We have fundamental problem in the existing wireless communication architecture, and need to reshape the industry based on open architecture!

4 I - 4 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Governments Role in China Wireless/Mobile Industry TD-SCDMA GSM TD-OFDMA WLAN/BWA China Long-Term Evolution OWA One Device One Number One Dream Missions and Objectives Open system architecture Open spectrum planning Open OS and Application platform Truly Users Phone, not Provider or Vendors Phone

5 I - 5 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Next Billion Users to Come from Emerging Markets Source: iSuppli, 1Q06 % Subscriber Penetration Rate 1,048 M 1,337 M1,142 M Population 1,432 M Latin America China IndiaAfrica, ME & Australia North America Japan W. Europe 341 M128 M 398 M More than 3 billion people live within wireless coverage but cannot afford it. No Single Wireless Standard can do both broadband high-speed and seamless mobility. -- Willie W. Lu

6 I - 6 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Whats 4G Mobile Technologies Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) Cost-effective and spectrum-effective high speed wireless transmission 4G can support high-speed transmission, but High- speed is NOT 4G

7 I - 7 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more ANY WHERE ANY DEVICE ANY TIME ANY NETWORK Broadcast WMAN Cellular WLAN WPAN SEAMLESS CONNECTIVITY Wireless Standards Complexity Multiples Navigation GSM GPRS EDGE UMTS HSDPA HSUPA 3.9G 4G Cellular d e WMAN b g a n WLAN UWB RFID Bluetooth ® WPAN DVB-H ISDB-T DMB Broadcast DTV A-GPS Galileo Navigation FM HD DAB Broadcast Radio Without open wireless architecture, the wireless industry will be totally messed-up

8 I - 8 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Single Global Standard is IMPOSSIBLE

9 I - 9 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Typical Cell Phone Block Diagram – Path to OWA Deep Submicron Digital FLASH EEPROM Analog CMOS SiGe BICMOS Hi Voltage Discrete Passives: SAW Filters, etc. Radio CODEC Digital Baseband Logic Memory User Interface LNA PA RX Synth TX Passives Power Management Audio Display Cost/area/interface are key goals We need open architecture to define open interfaces between modules

10 I - 10 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Cellular modem and RF amplifier 1200 mW Application processor 600 mW Memories 200 mW UI (including display with backlight) 300 mW Audio 300 mW Other (BT, IrDA, Energy mgmt. etc.) 400 mW Total 3000 mW Y. Neuvo, Exec. VP, Nokia, 2004 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference © 2004 IEEE Power consumption at the system and processor level is becoming a dominant concern as we evolve toward integrated modem + applications processors ! Average Power Consumption Power Consumption of a Traditional Multimedia Mobile Phone – Need Revolution in Architecture FM -Radio D-TV MM Chip ARM DSP HW-Acc SRAM OS Prot. Stack Display Camera wLAN BT Modem (GSM/GPRS/EDGE W-CDMA/..) ARM DSP HW-Acc SRAM ANALOG Audio Codec BB Regulators Power Mgmt Mem Card Flash GPS SDRAM Application SW Input Device Antennas, RF

11 I - 11 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more The reason we had Apple Computer is because it defined the Open Computer Architecture, The reason we had Cisco Systems is because it defined the Open Network Architecture, The world is at the edge to define the Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) to liberate the whole wireless industry. Prof. Willie W. Lu, Dow Jones WI2007 ICT Open Architecture Law

12 I - 12 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more KPCBs View on Future Mobile Phone In the Churchill Club "Top Ten Trends" on March 28 th, 2007 in San Jose, John Doerr of Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers said his prediction is that the cell phone will be the next PC. Open architectured mobile phone gives consumers more choices for things to hang on their belts.

13 I - 13 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Simplicity – The Life of Phone Simplicity and Openness has become the very critical issues in designing the future mobile phone. According to Junko Yoshida, news editor of EE Times, ease of use has become a "grave issue" in engineering including mobile phone industry. Designers, she said, must "listen to the SOS from consumers". Doug Engelhart, inventor of the computer mouse, considered many options for navigation on a computer screen but chose the mouse because it tested best with users, and most importantly, for its simplicity!

14 I - 14 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more STAGE4 : TRULY OPEN SMART ENVIRONMENT by OWA Full network integration e.g. power, copper, cable, all wireless Single command & control device e.g. voice, gestures (cameras / sensors) Self-learning intelligence, virtual agents Time (for these to be pervasive) Penetration 2000 (Today) STAGE1 : TRADITIONAL DEVICES Individual standalone devices Traditional Form factor e.g. phones, PC, printer Wire-based point-to-point connections e.g. PC to printer STAGE2 : DEVICE BOOM Non-traditional device proliferation Integrated voice / data services Different devices for distinct market segments Voice Data Video STAGE3: INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENT Broadband availability All integrated entertainment / voice / data services No-wires (fully portable) network Devices interact with each other End-user interaction will evolve from many purpose-specific devices to integrated open smart environments 4

15 I - 15 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for home Voice / Internet / IPTV In-flight Voice / office Voice / Corporate Network Wireless Voice / Multimedia Wireless Data / Corporate / Personal OWA Enables Personal Communications Back to Life Again

16 I - 16 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more A True iPhone should comprise: 1.Service-oriented mobility platform rather than wireless standard- specific platform 2.High spectrum utilization efficiency 3.Enhanced security features 4.Open wireless air interfaces Thats relying on Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) technology

17 I - 17 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more The Future Services Environment with underlying OWA Layer Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) Service - Oriented Infrastructure Virtualized Compute, Network & Storage Service - Oriented Architecture Business Processes & Workflows Outsourced, Supplier, and Customer Data Centers Internet Service Providers Digital Cities Mobile Consumers & Workforces Digital Homes Digital Offices (SMB) Enterprise Mobile Workforce Digital Office Data Center Factory / Warehouse Sensors Converged Wireless and Mobile Platform

18 I - 18 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Global IP Network (Internet) Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) across wireless and wireline LAN xDSL HandsetPCMCIA-Card Phone Personal Intelligent Communicator NotebookSmartphone End-To-End (E2E) IP Mobile Network End to End IP r GW

19 I - 19 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Application Server Leaf Router Leaf Router Mobile Host Core Router End-to-End QoS (IntServ/DiffServ Mix) DiffServ Network Core IntServ Network Edge IntServ Network Edge QoS API QoS API QoS API QoS API OWA RTT OWA RTT RSVP IPv6 Transport All-IP Personal Communications IPv6 Transport All-IP Personal Communications Classification/ Shaping Classification/ Shaping QoS Framework for OWA E2E-IP Mobile Networks OWA Classification/ Shaping/Marking OWA Classification/ Shaping/Marking OWA Classification/ Shaping/Marking OWA Classification/ Shaping/Marking

20 I - 20 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more 4G Smartphone – Separate OS with RTT

21 I - 21 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more 4G Smartphone for Open MM Applications

22 I - 22 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Open Baseband Processing Platform

23 I - 23 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more OWA Multi-band Transceiver

24 I - 24 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com OWA Product Definition (RF, BB, NET, OS, APP) W-LAN/WCDMA/BT 3-in-1 GSM/WiMax/TD-SCDMA 3-in-1 Cdma2000/W-LAN/WIMAX 3-in-1 WiMax/cdma2000/MIMO 3-in-1 GSM/GPRS/UMTS/WLAN/WIMAX 5-in-1 Products change every 18 months, but architectures never change in at least 20 years

25 I - 25 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more Interoperable Open Radio Access Technologies Provide Optimal Response to End User Needs GSM UMTS FDD (W-CDMA) UMTS TDD (TD-SCDMA) PWLAN EDGE GPRS Satellite WIMAX -Best for Spectrum Management Access vs. Mobile Spectrum Sharing Spectrum Recycling

26 I - 26 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Content Value Chain Content creation Content management Content publishing/ provision Context establishment (Portal) Mobile Data Value Chain – Applications and Content are the Main Challenges and Opportunities in the New Mobile Data Value Chain Telecommunication Value Chain Middleware Applications Content New! Network Operation Network Operation Network Equipment Network Equipment Terminal Equipment Terminal Equipment Service provision Service provision traditional Requirement assessment Application design Application prototyping Implemen- tation Application provision Application Value Chain Growth opportunities for OWA players appear with new applications and content business Open Convergence – The Key for New Mobile Value Chain Source: Siemens

27 I - 27 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more 4G Investment Hotspots Module Control Open RF & Antenna Radiation & Safety Open Signal Processing Open Application & OS Platform Terminal Power Spectrum Management Security 4G OWA Access Control Open Network Core

28 I - 28 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com I - 28 © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Founder of OWA Mobile Phone Technology The future mobile phone can basically support any wireless standards by inserting different wireless interface SIM cards or multiple interfaces in one SIM card ---- referred to LU Model in the industry

29 I - 29 © Prof. Willie W. Lu – willielu.com © 9 th World Wireless Congress® San Jose Fairmont, May Gsummit.com Visit 4Gmobile.com for more For more 4G technical issues, visit: 9 th WWC-4G Summit in San Jose, May at: 4Gsummit.com or other 4G mobile events at: 4Gmobile.com


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