Presentation on theme: "By: Melissa Sanders. Gaucher disease is a rare genetic disorder where a person lacks an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase. Not having this enzyme causes."— Presentation transcript:
By: Melissa Sanders
Gaucher disease is a rare genetic disorder where a person lacks an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase. Not having this enzyme causes harmful substances to build up in the liver, spleen, bones and bone marrow. These substances prevent the organs and cells from working properly.
Type 1. Most common. Involves bone disease, anemia. Affects children and adults. Popular in Ashkenazi Jewish population. Type 2. Begins in infancy with severe neurologic involvement. Leads to rapid, early death. Type 3. Cause liver, spleen and brain problems. Patients live into adulthood.
Bone pain and fractures Cognitive impairment Easy bruising Enlarged spleen, liver Fatigue Heart valve problems Lung disease Seizures Severe swelling at birth Skin changes
Gaucher is a recessive disease. This means that the mother and father must both pass one abnormal copy of the gene to the child in order for the child to develop the disease.
Wide variety of physical, emotional and social challenges. Managing Pain Fighting Fatigue Addressing Apperance
Enzyme replacement therapy available Bone marrow transplant needed in severe cases Genetic counseling is recommended for possible parents with a family history of Gaucher. Testing determines if parents carry gene to pass on disease Prenatal test can tell if fetus has Gaucher
Enzyme Replacement Therpy
Bone Marrow Transplant Needle
How well a person does depends on subtype. Infantile Gaucher disease may lead to early death. Most affected children die before age 5 Adults with Type 1 can expect normal life expectancy with enzyme replacement therapy
Pain associated with type 1 Gaucher disease can go from minimal to severe. At worst, bone pain can limit normal activities, small movements are painful, sleep is difficult and may force individual to undergo hospitalization. Lifestyle changes may be necessary to minimize pain.
Fatigue results from anemia and an enlarged liver or spleen. Severe anemic will feel tired even after full night of sleep. Ordinary activities require more effort but most find they can engage in normal activities if they pace themselves and plan accordingly.
No known cure for Gaucher disease. Treatment for Type 2 and 3 Gaucher is enzyme replacement theapy or bone marrow transplant Type 1 Gaucher disease has no known cure or treatment.
Body image can be difficult for people with an enlarged spleen or liver. Being smaller in stature is also a common concern. Children and adults may be teased or ridiculed for looking fat, pregnant or different.