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The Basics of Maintenance in General Aviation Downloaded from www.avhf.com.

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Presentation on theme: "The Basics of Maintenance in General Aviation Downloaded from www.avhf.com."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Basics of Maintenance in General Aviation Downloaded from

3 U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration Downloaded from

4 Basics of Maintenance In General Aviation for Pilots and Technicians Downloaded from

5 FAA-Flight Standards Division FAA-Flight Standards Division 2300 E. Devon Ave 2300 E. Devon Ave Des Plaines, IL Des Plaines, IL Tel: Tel: FAX FAX Aviation Safety Program Manager Airworthiness Representative Richard Mileham Downloaded from

6 5 Web Address

7 6 Downloaded from OBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE This presentation is designed to provide aviators with information concerning aircraft maintenance and preventative maintenance. This presentation is designed to provide aviators with information concerning aircraft maintenance and preventative maintenance.

8 7 Downloaded from MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE Ensure the Airworthiness of the Aircraft Ensure the Airworthiness of the Aircraft

9 8 Downloaded from FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (FARs) FAR Part 1: Definitions and Abbreviations FAR Part 1: Definitions and Abbreviations FAR Part 43: Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding and Alterations FAR Part 43: Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding and Alterations FAR Part 91: General Operating Rules FAR Part 91: General Operating Rules

10 9 Downloaded from FAR Part 1 Definition of Preventive Maintenance: simple or minor preservation operations and the replacement of small standard parts not involving complex assembly operations. Preventive Maintenance: simple or minor preservation operations and the replacement of small standard parts not involving complex assembly operations.

11 What is maintenance?

12 11 Downloaded from Definitions continued Maintenance: is; Maintenance: is; ¬ Inspections ­ Overhaul ® Repair ¯ Preservation and ° Replacement of Parts

13 12 Downloaded from FAR Part 91, Subpart E General Operating General Operating and and Flight Rules Flight Rules TOOLS

14 13 Downloaded from Maintenance Regulations in FAR Part 91 The 400 series of FAR Part 91 states the maintenance regulations for owners and operators. The 400 series of FAR Part 91 states the maintenance regulations for owners and operators.

15 14 Downloaded from Who is responsible for the Airworthiness of the Aircraft N1202

16 15 Downloaded from For FAR Part 91 General Aviation Operations, the Owner or Operator is Primarily Responsible

17 16 Downloaded from Part 91 continued *Specifically, FAR (a) states: owner or operator is primarily responsible for maintaining the aircraft in an airworthy condition. *This includes compliance with Part 39. *FAR Part 39 concerns Airworthiness Directives.

18 17 Downloaded from Part 91 continued *FAR (b) states: No person may perform maintenance, preventive maintenance, or alterations on an aircraft other than prescribed in this subpart, and other applicable regulations, including Part 43.

19 18 Downloaded from ä Aircraft that have been certificated in the Experimental Category. Did you know All U.S. registered aircraft are required to be maintained in accordance with the Federal Aviation Regulation Part 43 except for one category of aircraft.

20 19 Downloaded from Part 91 continued *FAR Maintenance Required, paragraph (b) states: Each owner of an aircraft shall ensure that maintenance personnel make appropriate entries in the aircraft maintenance records indicating the aircraft has been approved for return to service.

21 20 Downloaded from Part 91 continued *FAR (a)(1) states: No person may operate any aircraft that has undergone maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration unless it has been approved for return to service by a person authorized under Part 43.7 and

22 21 Downloaded from Part 91 continued the maintenance record entry required by FAR 43.9 has been made. the maintenance record entry required by FAR 43.9 has been made.

23 FAR 91 requires maintenance to be performed in accordance with FAR 43 Lets take a look at the requirements of FAR 43

24 23 Downloaded from FAR 43.3 Persons Authorized Paragraph (g) states that a holder of a pilot certificate may perform preventive maintenance on any aircraft owned or operated by that pilot. Paragraph (g) states that a holder of a pilot certificate may perform preventive maintenance on any aircraft owned or operated by that pilot.

25 24 Downloaded from FAR 43.3 Persons Authorized continued Provided the aircraft is not being used under FAR Part 121, 127, 129, or 135. Provided the aircraft is not being used under FAR Part 121, 127, 129, or 135.

26 25 Downloaded from Remember what FAR & stated about maintenance records?

27 26 Downloaded from If maintenance is performed, it must be entered in a maintenance record and approved for return to service by a person authorized. If maintenance is performed, it must be entered in a maintenance record and approved for return to service by a person authorized.

28 27 Downloaded from FAR 43.7 Persons Authorized to Approve for Return to Service Paragraph (f) states a person holding at least a private pilot certificate may approve an aircraft for return to service after performing preventive maintenance Paragraph (f) states a person holding at least a private pilot certificate may approve an aircraft for return to service after performing preventive maintenance

29 28 Downloaded from FAR 43.9 Content, Form and Disposition of Preventive Maintenance Records Paragraphs (a)(1),(2) & (4), states each person who performs preventive maintenance shall make an entry in the maintenance record of that equipment containing the following: Paragraphs (a)(1),(2) & (4), states each person who performs preventive maintenance shall make an entry in the maintenance record of that equipment containing the following:

30 ¶A¶A¶A¶A description of the work performed. ËTËTËTËThe date of completion ÌTÌT otal Aircraft Time = TAT Í Your Í Your signature, certificate number, and kind of certificate.

31 30 Downloaded from ie. Private Pilot =PP# Commercial Pilot = CP# ATP = ATP #

32 .. AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE RECORD DATEDESCRIPTION OF WORK PERFORMEDSIGNATURE 01/21/98 TAT. 4,625 Replaced Rt. Main landing gear Tire with Goodyear Tach: X6, 6 ply rating. Followed procedures of Cessna Service Manual for replacement of tire. Sec:..... Par:.....etc.. Ima B. Good Ima B. Good PP # TachTime (Optional) Airframe Log Book

33 32 Downloaded from Lets take a look at what types of preventive maintenance you are authorized to perform!

34 Powerplant replacing any hose connection except; replacing any hose connection except; hydraulic connections hydraulic connections Removing, checking, and replacing magnetic chip detectors, and Replacing any cowling, Removing, checking, and replacing magnetic chip detectors, and Replacing any cowling, Unless ` Unless `

35 34 Downloaded from Removal of the prop is required to get the nose bowl off UNLESS

36 35 Downloaded from Powerplant continued replacing prefabricated fuel lines replacing prefabricated fuel lines cleaning or replacing fuel and oil strainer or filters cleaning or replacing fuel and oil strainer or filters replacing or cleaning spark plugs and setting gap replacing or cleaning spark plugs and setting gap

37 36 Downloaded from Landing Gear landing gear tires, servicing struts landing gear tires, servicing struts wheel bearings wheel bearings safety wire or cotter keys safety wire or cotter keys lubrication, not requiring disassembly lubrication, not requiring disassembly replacing wheels and skis where no W&B is involved replacing wheels and skis where no W&B is involved

38 Did you say that as a Pilot, I can change my own tires ??

39 38 Downloaded from Fuselage & Interior Replenishing hydraulic fluid Replenishing hydraulic fluid Replacing side windows ?? Replacing side windows ?? Repairing upholstery Repairing upholstery Replacing safety belts Replacing safety belts Replacing seats or seat parts Replacing seats or seat parts

40 39 Downloaded from Fuselage & Interior continued Replacing & servicing batteries

41 Electrical Trouble shooting and repairing broken circuits in landing light wiring Trouble shooting and repairing broken circuits in landing light wiring ( Replacing bulbs, reflectors, & lenses or position or landing lights

42 41 Downloaded from General Preventive Maintenance Items simple fabric patches simple fabric patches refinishing decorative coatings refinishing decorative coatings applying preservative or protective materials applying preservative or protective materials making simple repairs to fairings, nonstructural items making simple repairs to fairings, nonstructural items

43 General Preventive Maintenance Items continued installation of anti misfueling devices installation of anti misfueling devices replacement or adjustment of nonstruc- tural fasteners replacement or adjustment of nonstruc- tural fasteners

44 43 Downloaded from Primary Category Aircraft Inspection and maintenance tasks for your aircraft provided you have at least a private pilots license, you are the registered owner, and work is performed in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.

45 44 Downloaded from This information can be found in FAR Part 43 Appendix A Paragraph (c), Preventive Maintenance states in part : Paragraph (c), Preventive Maintenance states in part : Preventive Maintenance is limited to the aforementioned work, provided it does not involve complex assembly operations. Preventive Maintenance is limited to the aforementioned work, provided it does not involve complex assembly operations.

46 Airworthiness Certificate ä.ä.ä.ä. 6 VOID

47 Airworthiness Certificate Block 6. TERMS AND CONDITIONS Unless sooner surrendered, suspended, revoked, or a termination date is otherwise established by the Administrator, this airworthiness certificate is effective as long as the maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations are performed in accordance with Parts 21, 43, and 91 of the Federal Aviation Regulations, as appropriate, and the aircraft is registered in the United States.

48 Sample Log Entries

49 & FAR Part 43 Appendix A (c) (English Version)

50 Aircraft Make: CessnaDate: 01/21/98 Model: 172MTAT: 4,625 Hrs Serial No Eng: SMOH: 962 Hrs Eng TT: 2,762 HrsProp: TT. 962 Hrs Cessna 172 Service Manual is Available. Maintenance Scenario FAR 43.9, FAR ___ Make a Typical log book entry indicating the replacement of the Right main landing gear Tire and typical return to service. You are a Certificated Private Pilot, A&P Mechanic or Repairman Certificate #

51 50 Downloaded from AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE RECORD DATEDESCRIPTION OF WORK PERFORMEDSIGNATURE

52 51 Downloaded from AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE RECORD DATEDESCRIPTION OF WORK PERFORMEDSIGNATURE 01/21/98 TAT. 4,625 Replaced Rt. Main landing gear Tire with Goodyear Tach: X6, 6 ply rating. Followed procedures of Cessna Service Manual for replacement of tire. Sec:..... Par:.....etc. Ima B. Good PP # Airframe Log Book Tach Time (Optional)

53 52 Downloaded from Maintenance Scenario FAR 43.9, & FAR Aircraft Make: CessnaDate: 01/21/98 Model: 172MTAT: 4,625 Hrs Serial No Eng: SMOH: 962 Hrs Eng TT: 2,762 HrsProp: TT. 962 Hrs Cessna 172, and Lycoming Service Manual is Available, and AC A,. ______________________________________________________ Make a Typical log book entry indicating the replacement of the Spark Plugs, and typical return to service. You are a Certificated Pilot, Mechanic, or Repairman Cert #

54 53 Downloaded from POWERPLANT MAINTENANCE LOG BOOK ENGINE MAINTENANCE RECORD DATEDESCRIPTION OF WORK PERFORMEDSIGNATURE Removed and Replaced all spark plugs, installed 8 new Champion REM1234 spark plugs in accordance with Lycoming service instructions Used anti seize compound on threads and torqued to specifications as stated in service manual, Eng run and Mag check OK. Ima B. Good PP# /21/98 Eng: TT:2,762Hrs SMOH:962 Hrs Tach: 962 Hrs (optional)

55 54 Downloaded from POWERPLANT MAINTENANCE LOG BOOK ENGINE MAINTENANCE RECORD DATE DESCRIPTION OF WORK PERFORMEDSIGNATURE Added 8 Quarts of 04/21/98 Changed oil Added 8 Quarts of Aeroshell Engine TT 2,762 Hrs. SMOH 962 Hrs. 50 compounded Oil Removed & Inspected oil screen and re-installed in accordance with service manual Ima B. Good PP #

56 55 Downloaded from S a f e a n d H a p p y F l y i n g

57 56 Downloaded from Remember

58 Produced for Airworthiness Safety Program Manager Airworthiness Safety Program Manager


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