Proper Dining Etiquette Proper Dining Etiquette Facilitator: Joyce Thomas
What is Etiquette? Etiquette is respect, good manners, and good behavior. It is not just each of these things, but it is all of these things rolled into one. Whether at home or in a restaurant, it is important to have a complete understanding of how to conduct yourself when entertaining or being entertained.
Goal...To help you perform with graciousness and poise at the table. …Provide you with knowledge, self-confidence and skills needed for a successful social and business life. …Teach you how to handle meal situations and make a big difference in your image.
Proper Dress Attire- Ladies Proper Dress Attire- Ladies Simple is best…….. -Basic black or navy suit with white blouse. Dress (little black) or blouse with skirt (slacks are acceptable) -Jewelry (pearls)- No body jewelry (i.e. tongue rings, facial jewelry, etc.) -Panty Hose?? (skirt) – Knee highs?? (pants) -Well groomed: hair combed, nails clean, shoes clean, brush teeth, use deodorant.
Proper Dress Attire- Men Proper Dress Attire- Men Simple is best…….. -Basic black or navy suit with white shirt and tie. (jacket, slacks with belt, and shirt with tie - acceptable) -Well groomed: hair combed, nails clean, shoes clean (no tennis shoes), brush teeth, use deodorant. -No earrings, body jewelry (tongue rings, facial rings, etc.)
Table Setting Silverware will be arranged precisely in the right order that it is to be used for the meal. General rule -start with outer utensils and work your way toward the service plate. *Tip…..The word left has four letters, so does the word fork. The word right has five letters, so do the words knife & spoon. This is a great way to remember that the fork is on your left and the knife & spoon are on your right.
Preparing to eat….. Proper Posture Make sure you sit up straight with your arms near your body. Never, never, hang your elbows heavily on the table when at a formal dinner. Turn off cell phone How to use a napkin At the beginning of the dinner, place your napkin in your lap after the last person is seated. Unfold the napkin and put it in your lap…do not shake it open.
When to start eating…. How to eat food Eat food in the order it is served. Start eating hot food when it is served. For cold food or buffets, wait for the host/hostess to announce dinner. (Wait until invocation or bless your food before you start eating.)
When to start eating…. How to eat food, cont.. Bring food to your mouth, not your mouth to your food Chew with your mouth closed Cut your food into small pieces…take small bites so you can carry on a conversation Do not smoke, use a toothpick, chew gum, apply make-up at the table
Salt & Pepper Taste your food before adding salt & pepper. Passing the salt & pepper Pick up both (salt & pepper) and place them within reach of the person next to you, do the same until they reach the person who asked for it. Do not pass hand to hand…salt & pepper should only be used by the person that ask for it. Always pass to the right.
Drinking Beverages Drinking Beverages If the glass has a stem, hold the glass by the stem to preserve its chill. Tuck empty sugar packs, plastic cup from creamer under the rim of your plate or under the edge of saucer or butter dish
Eating Bread Take one piece of bread, place it onto the bread plate and pass it counterclockwise. Break bread into moderately sized pieces with your fingers – do not cut it. Spread enough butter, using the butter knife, onto the piece you have broken right before you eat it. Do not butter the whole piece of bread first. Do not bite bread
Eating Bread cont. In the absence of bread plate and butter knife Place bread on your service plate Use your knife at your place setting to retrieve butter from butter plate. Place on your plate. Butter pats in foil….remove foil, using your knife, slide butter onto your plate. Fold foil and place it under the rim of your plate.
What to do when finished with your meal……and Leave your plate where it is, do not push it away. Place knife & fork horizontally or diagonally in the plate. (Indicates to server you are finished) Place the napkin to the left or right of your plate, or in the center of your plate. And…Whoever extended the invitation to dinner should pay the bill.
More Important Tips…. Always be on time. If you are late, call the host/hostess. If you are uncertain about how or when to use a certain utensil, watch others and do what the majority of them do. If a little bowl of water is on the table, or appears with the dessert, wash tips of your fingers in it. Dry them on your napkin. Meat ordered with bones, should be eaten with knife & fork (cornish hen, ribs). Never use your fingers.
More Important Tips…. To eat soup, dip the spoon into the soup, then remove it by going away from your body, not toward it. Sip, (not slurp) the soup off the side of the spoon, instead of placing the whole spoon in your mouth. Ordering spaghetti (shell pasta) easier to eat Eating peas from a dinner plate use knife to push peas onto plate. Eating out of a bowl, use spoon. Never discuss controversial issues (religion, politics) Never chew gum Do not talk with mouth full of food Do not apply make-up, lipstick at the table (May not be able to apply all of these rules to banquet meals)
Formal Dinner Place Setting Formal Dinner Place Setting Formal Dinner Place Setting 1. Napkin 2. Fish Fork 3. Dinner or Main Course Fork 4. Salad Fork 5. Soup Bowl & Plate 6. Dinner Plate 7. Dinner Knife 8. Fish Knife 9. Soup Spoon 10. Bread & Butter Plate 11. Butter Knife 12. Dessert Spoon and Cake - Dessert Fork 13. Sterling Water Goblet 14. Red Wine Goble 15. White Wine Goblet Silverware in this example is not placed on the table in the order in which it will be used for a meal.