Presentation on theme: "Module 1: Kitchen Basics Dining Etiquette. Introduction Behaviour that is considered good manners varies depending on the culture and the setting you."— Presentation transcript:
Module 1: Kitchen Basics Dining Etiquette
Introduction Behaviour that is considered good manners varies depending on the culture and the setting you are in. Manners appropriate in a family setting will differ from those used in a business setting or a formal setting. The following slide show will outline dining etiquette for both formal and informal situations.
Table Manners Learning good manners will enable you to feel comfortable, more confident and relaxed in any situation. As with any skill, developing good table manners comes with practice. Good manners are used to show consideration and respect for others.
Appearance and Hygiene 4Come to the table neat and clean. 4Wash your hands before coming to the table for a meal. 4Do not comb your hair or apply make-up at the dining table.
Table Conduct: Being Seated 4Come to the table when the meal is ready. 4Allow your elders to precede you. 4People should seat themselves from the left side of the chair; assist those who need assistance in being seated. 4Wait for all who are dining to arrive at the table then wait for a signal from the host or hostess to be seated.
Table Conduct: Use of Napkins 4Place the napkin in your lap as soon as you are seated. 4Your napkin should be used to blot your mouth lightly and to wipe your fingers as necessary. 4If you cough, sneeze, or need to blow your nose, use a tissue rather than the napkin. It is polite to leave the table if you have a long bout of coughing. 4Excuse yourself and find the washroom if you need to blow your nose.
Table Conduct: Use of Napkins 4If you spill anything, use your napkin to mop up the spill. If the spill is large or very messy, seek the assistance of you host. 4The napkin should remain in your lap throughout the meal. If you leave the table for any reason during the meal, place the napkin on the seat of your chair. At the end of the meal, leave the napkin to the left of your plate. It need not be refolded, but should be neat.
Table Conduct: General Behaviour 4While waiting to be served, keep your hands in your lap. 4Sit straight; do not slump. Elbows should be kept off the table until after the meal. While eating, keep your elbows near your sides. 4Be polite. Contribute appropriately to the conversation so that the meal is a pleasant experience for all present.
Table Conduct: Table Service 4One goal of food service is to create an enjoyable dining experience for all present. This may be accomplished by serving food that is attractive and appetizing. Proper table service will also enhance the dining experience.
Table Conduct: Table Service 4The server will place individual servings in front of you. The server will serve all food from your left, using the left hand and clear from your right using the right hand. 4Beverages will be served from the right. 4In a formal setting, proper table service follows several basic principles.
Table Conduct: Handling Food 4In an informal setting, wait for the host to indicate that it is time to begin passing food. If you are the host, you are expected to start first. 4You may serve yourself foods that are close to you. Wait or ask politely for other items to be passed to you. Assist those beside you who may need help. 4When serving yourself, take only the amount of food that you will eat. Do not take more than your share.
Table Conduct: Handling Food 4If you are uncertain about which piece of cutlery to use, follow the lead of your host. 4Unless you are dining with a large group (more than eight people), wait until everyone is served before you begin eating. 4Unless you are allergic to a food you should take or accept a bit of each food that has been prepared. This is a courtesy to the cook.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Appetizers 4Place the used utensil on the plate to be removed and taken to the kitchen. 4If seafood cocktail is served, use the fish fork. 4Sauces that are served for vegetables, nachos or other appetizers should be spooned onto your own plate for dipping. DO NOT dip your food into the main serving dish, unless individual plates are not provided. 4If fruit cocktail is served, use the teaspoon provided.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Bread or Rolls 4Place your bread or roll on your bread and butter plate, if one is provided. If pats of butter are provided, transfer one from the butter dish to your plate using the tiny fork supplied. If a block of butter is provided, use the butter knife to place butter on your bread and butter plate. 4To eat, break off (do not cut) a small, bite-size piece from your bread or roll. Spread butter on that one piece and eat it. 4The bread and butter plate is used for jam or jelly for rolls, relishes, olives, pickles, and celery.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Soup 4Soup is to be eaten quietly and neatly. 4Lift the spoon to your lips rather than bending down to the bowl. The arm you are using to eat with should not be resting on the table. 4Wait for hot soup to cool; do not blow on it to cool it off. 4To eat soup, dip the spoon into the soup, moving the far edge of the spoon away from you. Do not fill your spoon full.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Soup 4Sip (do not slurp) your soup from the side of the spoon, instead of the tip. 4When you have finished your soup, do not leave the spoon in the bowl. Instead, place the spoon on the side of the soup plate.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Salad 4If the salad is served as a separate course, before the main course, a salad fork is used. The salad fork is found on the outside of the cutlery setting, to the left of the plate. Salad Fork 4If the salad is served as part of the meal, use the dinner fork.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Salad 4If the salad is served as a separate course, after the main course, as is done at formal dinners, the salad fork will be immediately to the left of the plate or may be provided by the server. Salad Fork
Table Conduct: Handling Food Salad 4If ingredients in the salad are too large to eat, cut them with your fork, if possible, or cut the them one piece at a time with the dinner knife. 4When you are finished eating the salad, position your cutlery across the salad plate, in the five oclock position, with the tines of the fork placed downwards.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Main Course 4The main course of a meal is also sometimes known as the entrée. We cut our food then set the knife down on the edge of the plate. (Note that you should not set the knife on the table nor should you bridge the plate and table with the knife.) We then transfer the fork to the dominant hand to eat. 4Most North Americans eat the main course using what may be called the zig-zag method.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Main Course 4This method of eating is considered more formal than the zig-zag method. 4A more direct method, the Continental style, is used in European countries. The fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right. After cutting one bite of food, the food is transferred to the mouth with the fork still in the left hand, tines facing downward. This eliminates the transferring of cutlery from hand to hand.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Main Course 4Cut large pieces of food into smaller ones, one bite at a time. It is considered impolite to cut all of your food at once. 4Take small bites; chew your food slowly with your mouth closed. 4Lift the food to your mouth; do not lean down to your plate to eat.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Main Course 4When taking a mouthful of food, eat all of the food off of the fork or spoon at one time. Do not take any of the food out of your mouth again. 4Avoid talking with your mouth full. If someone asks you a question when your mouth is full, wait to answer until you have chewed and swallowed the food.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Main Course 4Do not handle any foods with your hands except for finger foods. Finger foods include bread or rolls, carrot sticks, celery, corn on the cob, olives, potato chips, and most sandwiches. 4Swallow the food in your mouth before taking a sip of a beverage. Drink carefully; avoid slurping or gulping. 4In informal settings, it is permissible to pick up a chicken, steak, or pork chop bone to finish off the remaining meat once you have cut off as much meat as possible.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Main Course 4Your knife and fork should never be propped against the sides of the plate, nor should the knife be placed between the tines of the fork. 4There are conventions about the placement of the knife and fork when not in use. 4If you are merely pausing in your eating, cross your knife and fork on the centre of the plate. 4If you are finished dining, place the knife and fork (tines down) in the five oclock position. Leave your plate where it is; do not push it away, stack it, or pass it to others to stack unless directed to do so by the host.
Table Conduct: Handling Food Dessert 4Dessert cutlery is either positioned at the top of the dinner plate or is provided when the dessert it served. Dessert Spoon and Fork
Table Conduct: General Tips 4Remove fish bones from your mouth with your fingers. 4Remove fruit pits or seeds, or large pieces of fat from your mouth with your spoon. 4Place the pits, seeds, pieces of fat, and fish bones on the edge of your plate. Do not place them on the table. 4If particles of food become stuck in your teeth, leave the table to remove the particles. Use dental floss or a toothpick in private.
Table Conduct: End of the Meal 4A finger bowl, containing water and sometimes a piece of lemon, may be provided. To use a finger bowl, dip your fingers, one hand at a time, in the water. Swish your fingers gently, then dry them on your napkin. 4Your host will signal the end of the meal by placing his or her napkin on the dining table. You may rise and leave the table when your host rises.