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Successful Supply Chains in Uganda Strengthening existing business linkages within the agro-business sector Kampala, March 24th 2005 ~ Preliminary findings.

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Presentation on theme: "Successful Supply Chains in Uganda Strengthening existing business linkages within the agro-business sector Kampala, March 24th 2005 ~ Preliminary findings."— Presentation transcript:

1 Successful Supply Chains in Uganda Strengthening existing business linkages within the agro-business sector Kampala, March 24th 2005 ~ Preliminary findings ~

2 Working Definition A supply chain is a set of sequential, inter- related value-adding activities from farm gate to plate. A vertically integrated supply chain is a set of sequential, inter-related value-adding activities from farm gate to plate, which is governed (managed) by a lead firm.

3 Selected Supply Chains Coffee (focus on Gumutindo CCE) Fresh Vegetables (Mairye Estates) Dried Fruit (Fruits of the Nile)

4 Key aspects of the 3 chains All three operate on high value export markets Coffee is a traditional export crop; dried fruit and fresh vegetable are new upcoming sectors Their annual turnover is USD 300, ,000 Gumutindo is owned by the primary societies, the others have close relationship with suppliers The impact of Gumutindo in terms of outreach is much larger than the other supply chains All of them have had external support

5 Aspects of vertical integration Access to market through lead firm Quality control and traceability is the responsibility of the lead firm Extension services to suppliers Pre-financing of suppliers Provision of inputs to suppliers Integrated production planning

6 Gumutindo Coffee Coop. Ent. Close relationship with Primary Societies Training, monitoring and advice on Fair Trade principles and organic farming High degree of quality control required by the niche market they operate in (Fair Trade) Pre-financing by buyers and others (EF) Promotion of alternative methods of pest control and better crop maintenance Support from TWIN and FLO-PSN

7 Mairye Estates (Farm Fresh) Outgrowers scheme (200 farmers) Agricultural training, assistance to obtain certification and advice on farm management Quality control and record-keeping of inputs Provision of inputs (seed, etc.) on credit basis Mairye Estates is responsible for maintaining high quality standards required by EUREP-GAP Main buyers from UK (Tesco) and Netherlands Support from IDEA, PSOM and CordAid

8 Fruits of the Nile Buy dried fruit from 110 exclusive suppliers Provide training and advice on drying process and quality requirements Keep close records of their product sources Pre-finance and assist construction of dryers Provide material for solar dryers Historic relationship with sole buyer in the UK Support from ACORD, AVSI, EDF and IDEA

9 Common Success Factors Assured access to high-value export markets Long-term relationship with suppliers based on mutual trust and transparency High level of quality control & traceability Entrepreneurial attitude of lead firms Different aspects of vertical integration (training, input provision, production planning) Adequate support from specialized agencies Growing commitment of all chain partners

10 Risks and challenges High dependency on limited number of buyers Risks related to outsourcing (inconsistent supply, both in volume and quality) High quality requirements in export market Lack of entrepreneurial attitude of farmers High costs of vertical integration, relative to the size of their business Sometimes misguided external support Asymmetric levels of commitment

11 Preliminary recommendations Look for strategic alliances with other exporters, both at home and abroad (Kenya / South Africa) Nurture long-term relationships throughout the chain, built on mutual trust and transparency Lead firms should invest in building up a close relationship with suppliers and vice-versa Promotion of business attitude among farmers by training and savings mobilization Tailor-made assistance from support agencies, addressing demands (as opposed to needs) of the private sector

12 Feedback from Private Sector Working with outgrowers is costly, which is not always recognized by support agencies Intrinsic costs, such as time and money spent on proposals and reports is not covered Donors should also be more business-like in the way they support the private sector A code of conduct is necessary to counteract poaching between competing companies Low level of education of farmers is a problem, this suggests a need for vocational training to raise the status of farming as a profession

13 The path forward Well-structured, vertically integrated supply chains based on mutual trust, risk-sharing and equitable benefits Strong focus on high value exports Strategic alliances with other export companies (horizontal integration) Demand-driven specialized support


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