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North America 1. Describing North America as a Realm Consists of Canada and USA (Hawaii excluded) 2.

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Presentation on theme: "North America 1. Describing North America as a Realm Consists of Canada and USA (Hawaii excluded) 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 North America 1

2 Describing North America as a Realm Consists of Canada and USA (Hawaii excluded) 2

3 Major Cities of the Realm Canada Toronto Montreal Vancouver Ottawa USA New York Los Angeles Chicago Washington D.C. Dallas Philadelphia Houston 3

4 The Emerging Megaregions of North America 4

5 North America: Climate (Köppen/Geiger) Canada and Alaska mostly: humid cold climate (D) Northeast of US: humid cold climate (D) Rest of US: dry to humid temperate climate (B, C) 5

6 Physical Geography of North America 6

7 Economy in North America Canada high-tech industrial society US's largest foreign supplier of energy $1.77 trillion GDP USA largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world world leading high- technology innovator, second largest industrial output in world $15.65 trillion GDP 7

8 North America: Population Facts CategoryCanadaUSA Population34,586,211316,668,567 Median Age41.2 years37.1 years Population Growth Rate0.784 %0.9 % Life Expectancy (at birth)81.48 years78.49 years HIV/AIDS Rate0.3%0.6% Unemployment Rate7.3%8.2% Population below Poverty Line 9.4.%15.1 % 8

9 Population Pyramids in Comparison 9

10 North Americas Capital Consumption in Comparison to the World Rostows Model (Stages of Growth) Canada and USA: Stage 5 (Age of High Mass Consumption) 10

11 Tourism Geography of North America USA one of the worlds leading destinations 6% of the GDP in tourism industry 7.9 million people employed in tourism sector Canada 5% of the GDP in tourism industry 10% of the employed Canadians work in the tourism sector 11

12 The Demand for Tourism (USA) Domestic Tourism: – limited time for leisure available for most Americans of working age –workers in the US on average have 19 days of paid annual leave (including public holidays) compared to 24 days in Europe –Trend: short weekend breaks: »before Memorial Day in late May »after Labor Day in early September »Thanksgiving in late November 12

13 The Demand for Tourism (USA) Outbound Tourism: –Only 18% of the trips are to foreign countries –58 million people travel outside of the USA –Over 50% of outbound travels are to Canada or Mexico –Major overseas destinations: UK, Japan and Italy and the Caribbean 13

14 The Demand for Tourism (USA) Inbound Tourism: –63 million arrivals/year –Almost a third from Canada –Others from »Mexico »Japan, South Korea »Western Europe 1.UK 2.Germany 3.France 4.Italy 14

15 The Supply Side of Tourism (USA) Transport –private car –air transport –bus –trains Accommodation 15

16 Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) Business Travel to Washington D.C., Boston, New York, Chicago, Salt Lake City, Houston, Los Angeles and San Francisco Coast of Maine sailing, fishing, canoeing, historic seaports New York City Atlantic City and Las Vegas 16

17 Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) Florida: The Sunshine State –Constant flow of tourists all over the year –Retirement area –Orlando: over 35 million visitors/year World Disney World (theme park capital) –White sand beaches and sport facilities 17

18 Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) Great Lakes: –Lake Erie –Lake Huron –Lake Michigan –Lake Superior –Lake Ontario Rocky Mountains Great Canyon 18

19 Rocky Mountains National Park, Colorado 19

20 Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona 20

21 Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming (Montana, Idaho) 21

22 Death Valley National Park, California/ Nevada 22

23 Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) California The Golden State –Warm sunny climate and a variety of its scenery –Northern California –Yosemite National Park –Monterey Beaches and Aquarium –Calistoga Spa Area –Napa Valley Wine Region –Redwood Forests –Lake Tahoe and Sierra Nevada Mountains Ski resorts 23

24 Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) Los Angeles: –Santa Monica and Venice Beach –Disneyland –Hollywood San Francisco : –Fishermans Wharf –Cable Cars –Golden Gate Bridge –Alcatraz 24

25 Yosemite National Park, California 25

26 The Demand for Tourism (Canada) Domestic Tourism: –far larger in volume and expenditure than inbound or outbound tourism –British Columbia and Prince Edward Island most favored holiday destinations for Canadians 26

27 The Demand for Tourism (Canada) Outbound Tourism: –10 million/year people travel outside of Canada –mostly to the US but also to Mexico, the Caribbean, Europe and East Asia –US-American border: New York, Vermont, Michigan and Washington most visited –Florida in winter time 27

28 The Demand for Tourism (Canada) Inbound Tourism: –16 million arrivals/year –biggest part from the USA –less than 10% from Europe 28

29 The Supply Side of Tourism (Canada) Transport problems for vehicles and road maintenance in winter VIA Rail domestic trips by car air travel (AirCanada) Accommodation 29

30 Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (Canada) Winter Recreation Activities Business Travel in Ontario, Toronto, Ottawa, Vancouver and Montréal Summers in Southern and Western Canada: outdoor activities incl. beach tourism and water sports, boating, canoeing, hunting and fishing Northern Canada: polar bear and whale watching 30

31 Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (Canada) West Edmonton Mall, Alberta Victoria on Vancouver Island Banff National Park The Rocky Mountains Niagara Area 31

32 The Rocky Mountains (Canada) 32

33 Banff National Park, Alberta 33

34 Niagara Falls State Park in USA/Canada American Falls Bridal Veil Falls Canadian Falls 34

35 References Boniface, B.& Cooper, C. (2009). worldwide destinations: The Geography of travel and tourism (5 th ed.). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann de Blij, H.J.& Muller, P.O. (2004). Geography Realm, Regions, and Concepts (11 th ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley& Sons, Inc. (2002) Diercke Weltatlas Ausgabe 2. Braunschweig, Germany: Westermann druck http://www.worldbank.org/ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html http://www.unwto.org/ personal database 35


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