2Describing North America as a Realm Consists of Canada and USA (Hawaii excluded)
3Major Cities of the Realm CanadaUSATorontoMontrealVancouverOttawaNew YorkLos AngelesChicagoWashington D.C.DallasPhiladelphiaHoustonSelected by population in metropolitan area see next slide: map of megalopolis!
4The Emerging Megaregions of North America Red colored: megalopolis BosWash (Boston to Washington D.C.) total population: 45 mil. peopleLight orange: Chipitts (Chicago to Pittsburgh) also with parts of Canada! All together: population 54 mil peopleyellow: SanSan (San Francisco to San Diego) total population about 36 mil people three biggest and most important mega regions of North America
5North America: Climate (Köppen/Geiger) Canada and Alaska mostly: humid cold climate (D)Northeast of US: humid cold climate (D)Rest of US: dry to humid temperate climate (B, C)
7Economy in North America CanadaUSAhigh-tech industrial societyUS's largest foreign supplier of energy$1.77 trillion GDPlargest and most technologically powerful economy in the worldworld leading high-technology innovator, second largest industrial output in world$15.65 trillion GDP
8North America: Population Facts CategoryCanadaUSAPopulation34,586,211316,668,567Median Age41.2 years37.1 yearsPopulation Growth Rate0.784 %0.9 %Life Expectancy (at birth)81.48 years78.49 yearsHIV/AIDS Rate0.3%0.6%Unemployment Rate7.3%8.2%Population below Poverty Line9.4.%15.1 %Canada has no real poverty line, measured by comparing to same economically developed countries
9Population Pyramids in Comparison Birth Rate; Canada: births on a population of 1,000 and USA: 13.7 births on a population of 1,000Death Rate; Canada: 8.09 deaths on a pop. Of 1,000 and USA: 8.4 deaths on a pop. Of 1,000Net Migration Rate; Canada: 5.65 migrants on a pop. Of 1,000 and USA: 3.62 migrants on a pop. Of 1,000
10North America’s Capital Consumption in Comparison to the World Rostow’s Model (Stages of Growth) Canada and USA: Stage 5 (Age of High Mass Consumption)
11Tourism Geography of North America USACanadaone of the world’s leading destinations6% of the GDP in tourism industry7.9 million people employed in tourism sector5% of the GDP in tourism industry10% of the employed Canadians work in the tourism sector
12The Demand for Tourism (USA) Domestic Tourism:limited time for leisure available for most Americans of working ageworkers in the US on average have 19 days of paid annual leave (including public holidays) compared to 24 days in EuropeTrend: short weekend breaks:before Memorial Day in late Mayafter Labor Day in early SeptemberThanksgiving in late NovemberAverage working week in the US: 43 hours (compared to 38 hours in the UK)Other events for short trips: theme park visiting, sports tourism, shopping tours, health tourism/spas, outdoor recreational activities like fishing, golf, skiing
13The Demand for Tourism (USA) Outbound Tourism:Only 18% of the trips are to foreign countries58 million people travel outside of the USAOver 50% of outbound travels are to Canada or MexicoMajor overseas destinations: UK, Japan and Italy and the CaribbeanCaribbean mostly for leisure like cruises
14The Demand for Tourism (USA) Inbound Tourism:63 million arrivals/yearAlmost a third from CanadaOthers fromMexicoJapan, South KoreaWestern EuropeUKGermanyFranceItaly
15The Supply Side of Tourism (USA) Transportprivate carair transportbustrainsAccommodationCAR: USA has the highest car ownership in the world, nearly 80% of holiday trips are taken by carin the 50s the Interstate Highway System was developed provides a nationwide motorway network and makes it easy to travelAIR TRANSPORT:10% of holiday trips taken with airplanefares are quite cheap due to the big competition between the airlinesBUS:Greyhounds, major bus company less than 3% of holidays taken with busses down-marketTRAIN:Amtrak Trains affordable and huge network all over the Statesthey also provide “Historic routes” like the “Empire Builder” from Chicago to Seattle right now: California High Speed Rail is a project with a new upcoming railroad networkACCOMMODATION:hotels, motels, resorts, themed hotels like in Las Vegas, B&Bs, or trailer parks for recreational vehicles
16Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) Business Travel to Washington D.C., Boston, New York, Chicago, Salt Lake City, Houston, Los Angeles and San FranciscoCoast of Maine sailing, fishing, canoeing, historic seaportsNew York CityAtlantic City and Las VegasNYC: earn about 25 billion dollars/year in tourism and supporting jobsworld class cultural attractions, sports, range of restaurants and fashion metro poleAtlantic City and Las Vegas: boardwalks, gambling, themed hotels (Las Vegas has about 10% of USA’s hotel capacity)
17Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) Florida: “The Sunshine State”Constant flow of tourists all over the yearRetirement areaOrlando: over 35 million visitors/year World Disney World (theme park capital)White sand beaches and sport facilitiesFlorida also very attractive in winter Tourist arrivals from USA, Canada, Latin America, Western Europe
18Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) Great Lakes:Lake ErieLake HuronLake MichiganLake SuperiorLake OntarioRocky MountainsGreat CanyonGreat Lakes: fine beaches, shoreline of spectacular riffs (20% of world’s fresh water supply) recreational area very close to megalopolis (fishing, boating, relaxing at the beaches etc.)
19Rocky Mountains National Park, Colorado Hiking, Watching Wildlife, Fishing, Swimming, Rafting
20Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona Helicopter Tours, even Hiking, Climbing
21Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming (Montana, Idaho) Hiking, Camping, Picnicking, Do Ranger Programs, Bicycling, Boating, Fishing, Wildlife Viewing, Horseback Riding and Llama Packing
22Death Valley National Park, California/ Nevada One of the lowest, driest and hottest locations on earthHiking, Backpacking, Camping, Biking, Wildlife Watching
23Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) California “The Golden State”Warm sunny climate and a variety of its sceneryNorthern CaliforniaYosemite National ParkMonterey Beaches and AquariumCalistoga Spa AreaNapa Valley Wine RegionRedwood ForestsLake Tahoe and Sierra Nevada Mountains Ski resortsNorthern California: slightly cooler than the rest of California, very comfortable for outdoor recreation
24Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) Los Angeles:Santa Monica and Venice BeachDisneylandHollywoodSan Francisco:Fisherman’s WharfCable CarsGolden Gate BridgeAlcatrazBeautiful shoreline along the Pacific, beach resortsDisneyland (birthplace of America's theme parks)Hollywood: film studios as attractions….exclusiveness and luxurySan Francisco: most scenic and European of all north American citiesTolerance of lifestylesAlthough California and also Oregon and Washington have some problems with earthquakes etc. because of the Pacific Ring of Fire…tourism is booming!
25Yosemite National Park, California Refer to National Park Paper in Class!!!UNESCO world natural heritage since 1984Famous for mountains, glaciers, wildlife, waterfalls, clear streamsPopular tourist activities: Hiking, Climbing, Skiing in winter times and watching wildlife USA AND CANADA care very much about their National and State Parks….very good protection programs to keep the nature and environment as natural as possible!!!!!!!!
26The Demand for Tourism (Canada) Domestic Tourism:far larger in volume and expenditure than inbound or outbound tourismBritish Columbia and Prince Edward Island most favored holiday destinations for Canadiansas in the USA
27The Demand for Tourism (Canada) Outbound Tourism:10 million/year people travel outside of Canadamostly to the US but also to Mexico, the Caribbean, Europe and East AsiaUS-American border: New York, Vermont, Michigan and Washington most visitedFlorida in winter timeCanadian winter is the main reason for Canadians to travel outside of the countryFlorida, especially for retired people, spend several months there..will increase because of aging society
28The Demand for Tourism (Canada) Inbound Tourism:16 million arrivals/yearbiggest part from the USAless than 10% from Europesafe cities, same language and familiar culture makes Americans feel more comfortable and secure in their environment
29The Supply Side of Tourism (Canada) Transportproblems for vehicles and road maintenance in winterVIA Raildomestic trips by carair travel (AirCanada)Accommodationmajor cities are linked to world’s longest national road (Trans-Canada-Highway)ACCOMMODATION: luxury hotels all over the country, like Chateau Frontenac, Quebec or at scenic locations like at the Rocky Mountains at Banff and Lake Louise popular homes: cabins or cottagesadventure seekers: camping of course!
30Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (Canada) Winter Recreation ActivitiesBusiness Travel in Ontario, Toronto, Ottawa, Vancouver and MontréalSummers in Southern and Western Canada: outdoor activities incl. beach tourism and water sports, boating, canoeing, hunting and fishingNorthern Canada: polar bear and whale watchingOntario: one third of Canada´s hotel capacity easily reached by road from NY or MichiganMontréal in Québec: very appealing because of French charme, little restaurants, nightclubs, cafés etc.Le Souterrain (underground shopping mall to protect people if winter is too hard and long) served by an efficient metro systemVancouver: especially appealing to visitors from Japan, China and other Asian countries
31Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (Canada) West Edmonton Mall, AlbertaVictoria on Vancouver IslandBanff National ParkThe Rocky MountainsNiagara AreaWest Edmonton Mall: largest shopping mall of North America, for 23 years even largest in the world) 31 million visitors/yearBungee-Jumping, swimming pool, theme park with inside roller coasters, ice-skating and IMAX inside!!!Victoria: holiday resort and retirement area (very appealing to people from the West Coast)Niagara Area (including waterfalls, theatre festivals and wine area)
33Banff National Park, Alberta Most popular area, 4 mil. Visitors/yearAll-year-resort: skiing, water-rafting, boating, hiking, also restaurants, golf courses and other facilitiesnear of the park: heli-skiing and heli-hiking
34Niagara Falls State Park in USA/Canada American FallsBridal Veil FallsCanadian FallsPicture taken from Canadian side
35ReferencesBoniface, B.& Cooper, C. (2009). worldwide destinations: The Geography of travel and tourism (5th ed.). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemannde Blij, H.J.& Muller, P.O. (2004). Geography Realm, Regions, and Concepts (11th ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley& Sons, Inc.(2002) Diercke Weltatlas Ausgabe 2. Braunschweig, Germany: Westermann druckhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.htmlpersonal database