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Excel Data Tables DSC340 Mike Pangburn

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Excel Data Table The single most powerful Excel feature this side of VBA for automating repetitive spreadsheet calculations. You want to be familiar with the Excel Data Table

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Data Tables Excel is very powerful at making calculations. Loan Payments: PMT(rate, nPeriods, pValue) What if we want to see how our calculations change as we change the parameters? Options: (i) We can manually adjust values and try to remember earlier results (ii) We can copy the formula across many cells and use different inputs for each copy (iii) We can use the best approach: the Excel Data Table Two different types of Data Tables: One-way Data Tables: Allows you to change one parameter. Two-way Data Tables: Allows you to change two parameters.

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Creating a Data Table (example) Write down the values that we use instead of val. One-Way Data Tables How to create one-way data tables: : o We have a parameter stored in Q5 And, our formula f() uses the parameter. o We want to see how the result changes. when we use val1, val2, val3 instead of val. o We rst create a table set-up. o Then, choose all the cells in the set-up table. o Go to: Menu Data -> Table (in old Excel). o Go to: Menu Data -> What-if Anaylsis -> Data Table (in Excel 2010). Equate the top cell to the cell containing the formula. Data Table Options Row Input Cell? Leave Blank Column Input Cell? Choose the cell containing val (i.e. Q5)

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Example: Car Loan Payments Lets create a 1-way Data Table: Car Loan Payments Download Practice-advExcel-DataTables.xlsx from the course websitePractice-advExcel-DataTables.xlsx We borrow $20000 from a creditor to buy a car. Annual interest rate is 5%. We plan to pay the loan in 36 months. Our monthly payments can be calculated by PMT function: Monthly Payment = PMT(5/12,36,20000) How do our payments change as the interest rate changes?

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Two-Way Data Tables Excel Data Tables lets us to see the impact of change in parameters. Two-way Data Tables: Allows to change two parameters. How to create two-way data tables: How to create Data Table (example) o We have two parameters stored in R5 and R6. And, our formula uses both of these parameters. o We want to see how the result changes when we use val1, val2, val3 instead of val, and para1, para2 instead of para. o We rst create a table set-up. o Then, choose all the cells in the set-up table. o Go to: Menu Data -> Table (in old Excel). o Go to: Menu Data -> What-if Anaylsis -> Data Table. (in Excel 2010) Write down the values that we use instead of val. Write down the values that we use instead of para. Equate the top-left cell to the cell containing the formula. Data Table Options Row Input Cell? Choose the cell containing par (i.e. R6) Column Input Cell? Choose the cell containing val (i.e. R5)

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Two-Way Data Tables: Examples Lets create a couple two-way data tables as examples: Mortgage Payments Marketing Problem Again we will use Practice-advExcel-DataTables.xlsx from the course website

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Example 2: Mortgage Payments We borrow $300000 from a creditor to buy a house. Annual interest rate is 5%. We plan to pay the loan in 120 months. Our monthly payments can be calculated by PMT function: Monthly Payment = PMT(5/12,120,300000) How do our payments change relative to changes to both the interest rate and/or payment period?

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Example 3: Marketing Problem We start a business with an initial investment of $20,000. We incur $2 to produce a good. We need to set a price for our product, say p. We also need to decide on our advertising budget, say A. Given p and A, total demand for our product is: 2000 + 4 20 p Which p and A maximize our prot?

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