Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Path Through Catholicism"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 4 Path Through Catholicism New TestamentChapter 4Path Through Catholicism
2Birth of JesusMary was probably about 13 and Joseph was probably about 18 and may have barley known each other when they became betrothed.Jewish marriages began with a betrothal (like an engagement,) that lasted one year and had all the legal force of a marriage.Jesus was not born on December 25 – this date was chosen by early Christians because it was the pagan Roman feast of the “Unconquerable Sun.”Only Matthew & Luke begin with birth narratives. Matthew, with his frequent references to Old Testament prophecies probably wrote to a Jewish audience. Luke’s world-history background suggests he was writing to a non-Jewish audience.
3Birth Narratives: Preview of Jesus’ Ministry Gift Symbolism:Gold (“king” of metals) Kingship Son of DavidMyrrh (used for burial) Humanity Son of MaryFrankincense (used in worship) Divinity Son of GodGentile/Jewish Response to Jesus’ Message:Magi Many Gentiles will accept itHerod Many Jews will reject it
4About The Four Gospels: Mark was written first, about 70 AD in Rome to persecuted RomansSuffering Messiah, symbol a winged lionMathew was written second between 70 and 75 AD in Syria to converted JewsTeaching Messiah, symbol a winged manLuke was written third between 70 and 80 AD in Greece to lower-class GreeksCompassionate Messiah, symbol a winged oxThese three are called the synoptic Gospels because of their similaritiesJohn was written last after 90 AD in Ephesus to all ChristiansLife-Giving Messiah, symbol an eagle (which has wings!)John’s Gospel is different; it assumes the reader has knowledge of JesusLook up the Last Supper in each Gospel:Mt 26: 26-30; Mk 14:22-26; Lk 22:14-20; Jn 13:1-20
5Baptism of Jesus The sky opens above Jesus: New Era in history is beginningRepresents the Son in the TrinityA dovelike form descends upon Jesus:New Creation: third act in play image of the Bible:1. Creation, 2. De-creation, 3. Re-creationRepresents the Holy Spirit in the TrinityA heavenly voice identifies Jesus:New Adam: first born of new creationAdam: first born of old creationRepresents the Father in the Trinity
6Contexts:Historical: the time frame in which an event took placeCultural: the moral, faith, social, artistic values of a peopleReminder:We believe the Holy Spirit worked with cooperative human writers to compose the Scriptures; IN OTHER WORDS: the Holy Spirit inspired the human writers of Scripture in what they wrote.
7Miracles of JesusJesus’ miracles were signs that announced two long-awaited events:The Kingdom of GodManifestation of Jesus’ power over demons (evil spirits)God's Kingdom is like a seed. It is planted and growing, but has it has not yet borne its intended fruit.Satan’s Kingdom is doomed. It is like a flower severed from its roots. It still look as though it has life, but its days are numbered.The Messiah of GodWhat the prophets foretold about the Messiah, Jesus fulfilled.Invite faith:Blind: open your eyes; see what Jesus doesDeaf: open your ears; hear what Jesus saysRaising: open your hearts; begin a new life
8The “seeds:” Mike, Jordan, Amy, Jan The “fates:” Seed falls on path Applying the Parable of the Sower to Everyday life: four students were discussing a guidance counselor…The “seeds:” Mike, Jordan, Amy, JanThe “fates:”Seed falls on pathSeed falls on rocksSeed falls among thorns,Seed falls on good soil
9Death of Jesus Mind Heart Body Soul Four kinds of pain Jesus suffered: Mental EmotionalPain of anticipation Pain of desertion by apostlesBody SoulPhysical SpiritualPain of crucifixion “Forsaken” by GodCrucifixion is a sign, invitation and revelation:“No greater love” (sign)“Love as I love” (invitation)“Love entails pain” (revelation)
10Resurrection of JesusResuscitation: Lazarus, Jairus’ daughter They returned to old life Resurrection: Jesus He leaped into a new life His resurrection is a promise that we too shall rise to new life after death! (We know this by faith and a kind of deep-down intuition.)
11Spirit of Jesus (Holy Spirit) changed everything! Without the Spirit, God is far away. The cosmos is steeped in mystery; Jesus is only a teacher; Scripture is just a book; The Church is only a club. In the Spirit, The cosmos is steeped in labor, Giving birth to the Kingdom. Jesus is risen, Drawing all things to himself. Scripture is God’s Word, Revealing all truth. The Church is God’s People, Alive in the Spirit.
12Chapter Test:Matching:CAEBIGHDJFTrue/FalseTFFill In the Blanksa. Goldb. Frankincensec. Myrrha. God’s Messiahb. God’s Kingdomc. Kingshipd. Divinitye. Humanity
13Chapter 5 Path Through Catholicism God the FatherChapter 5Path Through Catholicism
14Parable of GodParables are short, fictional stories Jesus used to teach people. Parables are constructed so that the characters or images in them mirror characters in real life: parables of the Sower, the Good Shepherd, Prodigal Son, etc.Images of God from Scripture:Old Testament:New TestamentPs 104: (Creator)Lk 12:30, 15: (Father)Dt 32: (Eagle)Jn 14:10, 15: (Trinity)Ps 23:4, (Shepherd)“One afternoon a musician…”What do we mean by the expression “give glory to God”?What are ways we give “glory” to God?
15God as Creator Chicago Sun Times 12/25/68: From the Earth to the Moon, Apollo 8, 19681865, Jules Verne- Launched from Florida on Dec 1Launched from Florida on Dec 22Three men aboardTwelve feet tall and 12,230 lbs.Twelve feet tall and lbs.Traveled about 25,000 mph(minus 36-story Saturn rocket)on its 238,000-mile journeyTraveled 24,200 mphSplashed down: Pacific, Dec 11on its 225,000-mile journeySplashed down: Pacific, Dec. 27Prayer is not only talk to God,but “listening” to God,not with the ears of our body,but with the “ears of the soul.”
16St. Irenaeus: God’s glory is a human being fully alive St. Irenaeus: God’s glory is a human being fully alive. (From George Bernard Shaw’s play, St. Joan:) Interrogator: How do you mean, voices? Joan: I hear voices telling me what to do. They come from God. Interrogator: They come from your imagination. Joan: Of course. That is how the messages of God come to us. St. Augustine: Our hearts were made for you, O Lord, and they will not rest until thy rest in you. A convict: God is always with us; it’s just that we’re not always with God. St. Augustine: If you pray and so what you can do, God will hear you and help you do what you can’t do alone.
17God as FatherJesus called God the Father, “Abba” Children in Palestine today still call their Father, “Abba” (Daddy.) Our love is finite: we love God’s love is infinite: God is love Bishop Fulton Sheen summed it this way: Creation God gives life Redemption God’s love forgives Eucharist God’s love unites Heaven God’s love is eternal
18God's love is often mediated through people: John Drescher, If I were Starting my Family Again:I remember a little fellow, frightened by lightening and thunder,who called out in the dark, “Daddy, come. I’m scared.”“Son,” the father said, “God loves you, and he’ll take care of you.”“I know God loves me,” the boy replied, “but right now I want somebody who has skin on.”When are times you have needed someone with “skin on”?How have you experienced God’s love through people?
19God as TrinityJesus mentions or refers to God as Father or the Spirit over 100x’s in the Gospel of John. Trinitarian images: The Bible: Old Testament= Father; Gospel=Son; Acts, Letters, Revelation=Spirit Denis Hayes: Light Father (Creator) Heat Son (Redeemer) Energy Spirit (Sanctifier) St. Ignatius: 3 notes, one sound St. Patrick: 3 petals, one leaf John Wesley: 3 candles, one light H20: 3 forms, one substance (solid, gas, liquid) Mother: 3 roles, 1 person (wife, mother, friend)
20Chapter Test:Matching:BCAGDEFTrue/FalseTFFill In the Blanksa. Creationb. Scripturec. Jesusa. Sonb. Spiritc. Father
21Chapter 6 Path Through Catholicism God the SonChapter 6Path Through Catholicism
22Image of God the SonICHTHYS is an acronym. Iesous Jesus Christos Christ Theou God’s Yios Son Soter SaviorHow can we find happiness?How can we change ourselves?How can we change the world?Jesus is the answer to many questions…the two most important questions are:What is God like?What did God make me to be like?
23JesusNative Americans often use descriptive names: “Sure Foot”, “Running Deer”Think of how we do that…. Mike Jordan’s “hang-time” earned him the name “Air Jordan”…. Tim Tebow’s kneeling in brief prayer earned the action the name “Tebowing”…. William Perry’s large size and solid form earned him the name “The Refrigerator” …. Which ones can you think of….Jesus’ name is also descriptive: Son of Man – a member of mankind Son of God – the Savior of mankind
24ChristWhen David succeed Saul as king, God makes a covenant with him: “Your kingdom will last forever” 2 Samuel 7:16 The covenant begins a series of promises called “messianic prophecies.” Jesus identifies himself as the Messiah, “the anointed one.” John 10:24 The anointed: Messiah (Hebrew) Christos (Greek) Christ (English) Christmas is about God becoming one of us to save us and teach us what is for our good, both: In this life and In the life to come HG Wells, author and historian, was commissioned to pick the “three greatest men of history.” He placed Jesus first, Buddha second and Aristotle third.
25Son of GodOld Testament: used figuratively of many (like kings) New Testament: used literally of Jesus (John 10:36) “My Son” – Baptism: voice from heaven - Mountain: voice from cloud Mt. Tabor – moment of ecstasy, Divinity shines through Matthew 17:2-6 Mt. Olives – moment of agony, Humanity shines through Luke 22:39, 42 How might the story of the man saving the boy in the river serve as a parable of Jesus? (pg 82)
26Savior What did Jesus save us “from”? Spiritual slavery and death, “the Kingdom of Satan”What did Jesus save us “for”?Bringing to completion his saving work: replacing the “Kingdom of Satan” with the “Kingdom of God”Jesus The Son of man (human)Lord The Son of God (divine)Christ The promised Messiah
27Napolean Bonaparte (on Jesus being more than a man:) I know men and I tell you that Jesus is not a man… I have inspired multitudes that they would die for me… a word form me, then the sacred fire was kindled in their hearts. I do indeed possess the secret of this magical power which lifts souls, but I could never impart it to anyone (as Jesus did and continues to do across the ages.)
28Chapter Test:Matching:BEADCTrue/FalseTFFill In the Blanksa. baptismb. transfigurationa. Godb. ourselvesa. Jesusb. Christc. Son of Godd. Saviora. divineb. human