Presentation on theme: "New Testament Chapter 4 Path Through Catholicism."— Presentation transcript:
New Testament Chapter 4 Path Through Catholicism
Birth of Jesus Mary was probably about 13 and Joseph was probably about 18 and may have barley known each other when they became betrothed. Jewish marriages began with a betrothal (like an engagement,) that lasted one year and had all the legal force of a marriage. Jesus was not born on December 25 – this date was chosen by early Christians because it was the pagan Roman feast of the Unconquerable Sun. Only Matthew & Luke begin with birth narratives. Matthew, with his frequent references to Old Testament prophecies probably wrote to a Jewish audience. Lukes world-history background suggests he was writing to a non-Jewish audience.
Birth Narratives: Preview of Jesus Ministry Gift Symbolism: Gold (king of metals) KingshipSon of David Myrrh (used for burial) HumanitySon of Mary Frankincense (used in worship) DivinitySon of God Gentile/Jewish Response to Jesus Message: MagiMany Gentiles will accept it HerodMany Jews will reject it
About The Four Gospels: Mark was written first, about 70 AD in Rome to persecuted Romans Suffering Messiah, symbol a winged lion Mathew was written second between 70 and 75 AD in Syria to converted Jews Teaching Messiah, symbol a winged man Luke was written third between 70 and 80 AD in Greece to lower-class Greeks Compassionate Messiah, symbol a winged ox These three are called the synoptic Gospels because of their similarities John was written last after 90 AD in Ephesus to all Christians Life-Giving Messiah, symbol an eagle (which has wings!) Johns Gospel is different; it assumes the reader has knowledge of Jesus Look up the Last Supper in each Gospel: Mt 26: 26-30; Mk 14:22-26; Lk 22:14-20; Jn 13:1-20
Baptism of Jesus The sky opens above Jesus: – New Era in history is beginning – Represents the Son in the Trinity A dovelike form descends upon Jesus: – New Creation: third act in play image of the Bible: 1. Creation, 2. De-creation, 3. Re-creation – Represents the Holy Spirit in the Trinity A heavenly voice identifies Jesus: – New Adam: first born of new creation Adam: first born of old creation – Represents the Father in the Trinity
Contexts: Historical: the time frame in which an event took place Cultural: the moral, faith, social, artistic values of a people Reminder: We believe the Holy Spirit worked with cooperative human writers to compose the Scriptures; IN OTHER WORDS: the Holy Spirit inspired the human writers of Scripture in what they wrote.
Miracles of Jesus Jesus miracles were signs that announced two long-awaited events: – The Kingdom of God Manifestation of Jesus power over demons (evil spirits) – God's Kingdom is like a seed. It is planted and growing, but has it has not yet borne its intended fruit. – Satans Kingdom is doomed. It is like a flower severed from its roots. It still look as though it has life, but its days are numbered. – The Messiah of God What the prophets foretold about the Messiah, Jesus fulfilled. Invite faith: – Blind: open your eyes; see what Jesus does – Deaf: open your ears; hear what Jesus says – Raising: open your hearts; begin a new life
Applying the Parable of the Sower to Everyday life: four students were discussing a guidance counselor… The seeds: Mike, Jordan, Amy, Jan The fates: Seed falls on path Seed falls on rocks Seed falls among thorns, Seed falls on good soil
Death of Jesus Four kinds of pain Jesus suffered: MindHeart MentalEmotional Pain of anticipationPain of desertion by apostles BodySoul PhysicalSpiritual Pain of crucifixionForsaken by God Crucifixion is a sign, invitation and revelation: No greater love (sign) Love as I love (invitation) Love entails pain (revelation)
Resurrection of Jesus Resuscitation: Lazarus, Jairus daughter They returned to old life Resurrection: Jesus He leaped into a new life His resurrection is a promise that we too shall rise to new life after death! (We know this by faith and a kind of deep-down intuition.)
Spirit of Jesus (Holy Spirit) changed everything! Without the Spirit, God is far away. The cosmos is steeped in mystery; Jesus is only a teacher; Scripture is just a book; The Church is only a club. In the Spirit, The cosmos is steeped in labor, Giving birth to the Kingdom. Jesus is risen, Drawing all things to himself. Scripture is Gods Word, Revealing all truth. The Church is Gods People, Alive in the Spirit.
Chapter Test: Matching: 1.C 2.A 3.E 4.B 5.I 6.G 7.H 8.D 9.J 10.F True/False 1.T 2.F 3.T 4.F 5.F 6.T 7.T Fill In the Blanks 1. a. Gold b. Frankincense c. Myrrh 2. a. Gods Messiah b. Gods Kingdom c. Kingship d. Divinity e. Humanity
God the Father Chapter 5 Path Through Catholicism
Parable of God Parables are short, fictional stories Jesus used to teach people. Parables are constructed so that the characters or images in them mirror characters in real life: parables of the Sower, the Good Shepherd, Prodigal Son, etc. Images of God from Scripture: Old Testament: Ps 104:5-9 (Creator) Dt 32:11 (Eagle) Ps 23:4,6 (Shepherd) New Testament Lk 12:30, 15:20 (Father) Jn 14:10, 15:20 (Trinity) One afternoon a musician… What do we mean by the expression give glory to God? What are ways we give glory to God?
God as Creator Chicago Sun Times 12/25/68: From the Earth to the Moon, 1865, Jules Verne - Launched from Florida on Dec 1 -Three men aboard -Twelve feet tall and 12,230 lbs. -Traveled about 25,000 mph on its 238,000-mile journey -Splashed down: Pacific, Dec 11 Apollo 8, Launched from Florida on Dec 22 -Three men aboard -Twelve feet tall and lbs. (minus 36-story Saturn rocket) -Traveled 24,200 mph on its 225,000-mile journey -Splashed down: Pacific, Dec. 27 Prayer is not only talk to God, but listening to God, not with the ears of our body, but with the ears of the soul.
St. Irenaeus: Gods glory is a human being fully alive. (From George Bernard Shaws play, St. Joan:) Interrogator: How do you mean, voices? Joan: I hear voices telling me what to do. They come from God. Interrogator: They come from your imagination. Joan: Of course. That is how the messages of God come to us. St. Augustine: Our hearts were made for you, O Lord, and they will not rest until thy rest in you. A convict: God is always with us; its just that were not always with God. St. Augustine: If you pray and so what you can do, God will hear you and help you do what you cant do alone.
God as Father Jesus called God the Father, Abba Children in Palestine today still call their Father, Abba (Daddy.) Our love is finite: we love Gods love is infinite: God is love Bishop Fulton Sheen summed it this way: CreationGod gives life RedemptionGods love forgives EucharistGods love unites HeavenGods love is eternal
God's love is often mediated through people: John Drescher, If I were Starting my Family Again: I remember a little fellow, frightened by lightening and thunder, who called out in the dark, Daddy, come. Im scared. Son, the father said, God loves you, and hell take care of you. I know God loves me, the boy replied, but right now I want somebody who has skin on. When are times you have needed someone with skin on? How have you experienced Gods love through people?
God as Trinity Jesus mentions or refers to God as Father or the Spirit over 100xs in the Gospel of John. Trinitarian images: The Bible: Old Testament= Father; Gospel=Son; Acts, Letters, Revelation=Spirit Denis Hayes: LightFather(Creator) HeatSon(Redeemer) EnergySpirit(Sanctifier) St. Ignatius:3 notes, one sound St. Patrick:3 petals, one leaf John Wesley:3 candles, one light H 2 0:3 forms, one substance (solid, gas, liquid) Mother:3 roles, 1 person (wife, mother, friend)
Chapter Test: Matching: 1.B 2.C 3.A 4.G 5.D 6.E 7.F True/False 1.T 2.F 3.T 4.T 5.F 6.F 7.T 8.T 9.F 10.T 11.T 12.T Fill In the Blanks 1. a. Creation b. Scripture c. Jesus 2. a. Son b. Spirit c. Father
God the Son Chapter 6 Path Through Catholicism
Image of God the Son ICHTHYS is an acronym. IesousJesus ChristosChrist TheouGods YiosSon SoterSavior How can we find happiness? How can we change ourselves? How can we change the world? Jesus is the answer to many questions… the two most important questions are: What is God like? What did God make me to be like?
Jesus Jesus name is also descriptive: Son of Man – a member of mankind Son of God – the Savior of mankind Native Americans often use descriptive names: Sure Foot, Running Deer Think of how we do that…. Mike Jordans hang-time earned him the name Air Jordan…. Tim Tebows kneeling in brief prayer earned the action the name Tebowing…. William Perrys large size and solid form earned him the name The Refrigerator …. Which ones can you think of….
Christ When David succeed Saul as king, God makes a covenant with him: Your kingdom will last forever 2 Samuel 7:16 The covenant begins a series of promises called messianic prophecies. Jesus identifies himself as the Messiah, the anointed one. John 10:24 The anointed: Messiah (Hebrew) Christos (Greek) Christ (English) Christmas is about God becoming one of us to save us and teach us what is for our good, both: In this life and In the life to come HG Wells, author and historian, was commissioned to pick the three greatest men of history. He placed Jesus first, Buddha second and Aristotle third.
Son of God Old Testament: used figuratively of many (like kings) New Testament: used literally of Jesus (John 10:36) My Son – Baptism: voice from heaven - Mountain: voice from cloud Mt. Tabor – moment of ecstasy, Divinity shines through Matthew 17:2-6 Mt. Olives – moment of agony, Humanity shines through Luke 22:39, 42 How might the story of the man saving the boy in the river serve as a parable of Jesus? (pg 82)
Savior What did Jesus save us from? Spiritual slavery and death, the Kingdom of Satan What did Jesus save us for? Bringing to completion his saving work: replacing the Kingdom of Satan with the Kingdom of God JesusThe Son of man (human) LordThe Son of God (divine) ChristThe promised Messiah
Napolean Bonaparte (on Jesus being more than a man:) I know men and I tell you that Jesus is not a man… I have inspired multitudes that they would die for me… a word form me, then the sacred fire was kindled in their hearts. I do indeed possess the secret of this magical power which lifts souls, but I could never impart it to anyone (as Jesus did and continues to do across the ages.)
Chapter Test: Matching: 1.B 2.E 3.A 4.D 5.C True/False 1.T 2.T 3.F 4.F 5.F 6.T 7.T 8.F 9.T 10.F Fill In the Blanks 1. a. baptism b. transfiguration 2. a. God b. ourselves 3. a. Jesus b. Christ c. Son of God d. Savior 4. a. divine b. human