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Chalkboard Lesson Era 1 The Beginnings of Human Society.

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Presentation on theme: "Chalkboard Lesson Era 1 The Beginnings of Human Society."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Chalkboard Lesson Era 1 The Beginnings of Human Society

3 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU Blueprint Skill: History Grade 6 Recognize major historical time periods (i.e., Early Civilizations, Classical Period, Dark Ages, Middle Ages, and Renaissance). Era 1 Recognize major historical time periods (i.e., Early Civilizations, Classical Period, Dark Ages, Middle Ages, and Renaissance). Era 1

4 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU Blueprint Skill: History Grade 6

5 Main Menu Humanitys Story The Peopling of the Earth Agricultural Revolution The Stone Age Ages

6 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU Humanitys Story So far as we know, humanitys story began in Africa. For millions of years it was mainly a story of biological change. Then some hundreds of thousands of years ago our early ancestors began to form and manipulate useful tools. So far as we know, humanitys story began in Africa. For millions of years it was mainly a story of biological change. Then some hundreds of thousands of years ago our early ancestors began to form and manipulate useful tools.

7 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU Humanitys Story Eventually they mastered speech. Unlike most other species, early humans gained the capacity to learn from one another and transmit knowledge from one generation to the next. Eventually they mastered speech. Unlike most other species, early humans gained the capacity to learn from one another and transmit knowledge from one generation to the next.

8 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU Humanitys Story The hunter-gatherer society lived in clans and were nomadic Nomadic groups were people who have no fixed home and move according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land. The hunter-gatherer society lived in clans and were nomadic Nomadic groups were people who have no fixed home and move according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land.

9 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU Humanitys Story Archaeologists have found the remains of what may have been the first tools used by humans in East Africa.

10 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU Humanitys Story Stone tools were the most common tools until about 12,000 years ago. Flint Tools

11 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Stone Age The period of time when people used simple stone tools is called the Old Stone Age or Paleolithic Era. During the Old Stone Age, people also learned to make fire. The period of time when people used simple stone tools is called the Old Stone Age or Paleolithic Era. During the Old Stone Age, people also learned to make fire.

12 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The New Stone Age The period of time when people began to settle permanently in one location is called the Neolithic Era, or the New Stone Age. In the Paleolithic age, men were hunters and gathers. In the Neolithic age, people became scavengers, herders, farmers, or producers. The period of time when people began to settle permanently in one location is called the Neolithic Era, or the New Stone Age. In the Paleolithic age, men were hunters and gathers. In the Neolithic age, people became scavengers, herders, farmers, or producers.

13 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The New Stone Age People were able to live in larger groups. They learned to domesticate plants and animals. This meant they also learned which plants provided a higher yield and how to breed animals to better suit their needs. People were able to live in larger groups. They learned to domesticate plants and animals. This meant they also learned which plants provided a higher yield and how to breed animals to better suit their needs.

14 NEXTBACK MAIN MENUAges 2.5 million to 8000 BCE Paleolithic - old stone age (cave art, fire, hominids (earlier human like creatures), stone tools, nomads, hunters and gathers) B.C. - the time period before Jesus was born 2.5 million to 8000 BCE Paleolithic - old stone age (cave art, fire, hominids (earlier human like creatures), stone tools, nomads, hunters and gathers) B.C. - the time period before Jesus was born

15 NEXTBACK MAIN MENUAges 8,000 BCE to 3,000 BCE Neolithic - new stone age (looms for weaving, domesticate animals, agriculture, people shifted from hunting and gathering to agriculture and herding) Age of the Earth - 4 to 5 billion years 8,000 BCE to 3,000 BCE Neolithic - new stone age (looms for weaving, domesticate animals, agriculture, people shifted from hunting and gathering to agriculture and herding) Age of the Earth - 4 to 5 billion years

16 NEXTBACK MAIN MENUAges Mesolithic Age - created pottery Ice Age - long period of cold climate Stonehenge - archaeological site begun in the Neolithic Age and completed in the Bronze Age PREHISTORY - time before written history Mesolithic Age - created pottery Ice Age - long period of cold climate Stonehenge - archaeological site begun in the Neolithic Age and completed in the Bronze Age PREHISTORY - time before written history

17 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Peopling of the Earth The first great global event was the peopling of the earth and the astonishing story of how communities of hunters, foragers, or fishers adapted creatively and continually to a variety of contrasting, changing environments in Africa, Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas.

18 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Peopling of the Earth Anthropology - the study of the remains/skeletons/bones of people Archaeologists - people who study things USED by people who lived a long time ago; eating utensils, houses, tools Anthropology - the study of the remains/skeletons/bones of people Archaeologists - people who study things USED by people who lived a long time ago; eating utensils, houses, tools

19 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Peopling of the Earth Archaeology - the study of things used by people who lived a long time ago; tools, eating utensils, homes Culture – the ideas, beliefs, and customs of a group of people. Archaeology - the study of things used by people who lived a long time ago; tools, eating utensils, homes Culture – the ideas, beliefs, and customs of a group of people.

20 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Agricultural Revolution Over a period of several thousand years and as a result of countless small decisions, humans learned how to grow crops, domesticate plants, and raise animals. The earliest agricultural settlements probably arose in Southwest Asia, but the agricultural revolution spread round the world. Over a period of several thousand years and as a result of countless small decisions, humans learned how to grow crops, domesticate plants, and raise animals. The earliest agricultural settlements probably arose in Southwest Asia, but the agricultural revolution spread round the world.

21 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Agricultural Revolution Human population began to soar relative to earlier times. Communities came into regular contact with one another over longer distances, cultural patterns became far more complex, and opportunities for innovation multiplied. Human population began to soar relative to earlier times. Communities came into regular contact with one another over longer distances, cultural patterns became far more complex, and opportunities for innovation multiplied.

22 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Agricultural Revolution One reason people migrated from place to place was the search of food.

23 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Agricultural Revolution Early man developed farming and herding because it provided a reliable source of food, man was not as dependent on nature and man was no longer nomadic.

24 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Agricultural Revolution Early mans crops consisted of wheat, potatoes, rice and maize

25 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Agricultural Revolution The earliest known permanent agricultural community was established in: Mesopotamia near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.

26 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU The Agricultural Revolution The development of agriculture took place during the Neolithic Age.

27 NEXTBACK MAIN MENUResources World History Standards

28 NEXTBACK MAIN MENU Test your knowledge of Era 1! Chalkboard Challenge Game


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