Presentation on theme: "1 Electronics Simulation in the Photon Transport Monte Carlo Preamp model Receiver/discriminator circuit CAFÉ driver circuit model Examples Summary January."— Presentation transcript:
1 Electronics Simulation in the Photon Transport Monte Carlo Preamp model Receiver/discriminator circuit CAFÉ driver circuit model Examples Summary January 31, 2005 – last update: Jan 30 Matthew Jones/Riei IshizikiPurdue University
2 Preamp Model So far, the effect of the preamp has been ignored, although some degradation in rise-time was included. This was just a wild guess. Need a good preamp model to relate anode charge to output of ADC… Particularly important for large pulses. Best studied using SPICE simulation of preamp circuit. Useful check of schematics for the NIM paper.
3 Preamp Model Model for PMT driving preamp Model for PMT driving 50 load Preamp (See CDF Note 5358)CDF Note 5358
4 Preamp Model Important to validate the simulation by comparing with real preamp. Input pulse: –Gaussian, 1.5ns width, typically 0.01 nC –0.01 nC corresponds to 2080 p.e. when the PMT gain is 3x10 4 Allows comparison with preamp checkout measurements performed with charge injector.
5 Preamp Model Response to 0.01 nC pulse 50 load, 50 mV/div preamp, 50 mV/div output, 500 mV/div
7 Preamp Model Gain response parameterized as in CDF Note 5362: CDF Note 5362 High gain region Soft saturation Hard saturation 27 ± C 37 ± C 47 ± C 57 ± C
8 Preamp Model Measured parameters: Simulation:
9 Preamp Model Comparison of gain parameters with measured distributions: Small signal differential gain Large signal differential gain Gain switching threshold Width of gain switching region SPICE model
10 Preamp Model Comparison of node voltages: Small differences are not likely to affect small signal gain.
11 Preamp Model Probable unknowns: –Supply voltages in the detector Measure them next time the plugs are open –Temperature in the detector –No simulation of parasitic capacitance –Parameters for gain switching diode model Qualitative behavior seems reasonable. Small signal response agrees well with measurements and should be adequately described.
12 Preamp Model SPICE3 simulation now interfaced with photon transport Monte Carlo: Response to 1 MIP through bar at z=0. This is an important achievement!
13 Receiver/discriminator model Preamp sub-circuit Input to AD96687 comparator AD8131 model PMT + base model Input to CAFÉ driver
14 CAFÉ Driver Circuit Model Input pulse CAFÉ model ECL output model Gate
15 TOAD Electronics Still should perform more validation: –Compare with production TOAD board node voltages –Still not simulating signal cable (22 m attenuation length) and RF transformer –Need to determine phase of CAFÉ clock –Include parasitic capacitances on TOAD and connector inductances to CAFÉ card
16 Software Interface Interfaced with photon transport MC: –PMT class constructs SPICE3 model for current pulse at the anode. –System call to invoke SPICE3 with circuit models –Output vectors read from binary file –Currently stored as non-persistent TGraph objects Simulation is fast (few seconds) compared with photon propagation
17 Example: 1 MIP at z=100 cm Voltage pulse at preamp input Voltage pulse at preamp output Discriminator input CAFÉ driver input CAFÉ driver gate Current into CAFE about 2000 ADC counts
18 Another example: Two tracks hit simultaneously at z=100 cm and z=-50cm:
19 Yet another example: Two tracks in different 132 ns bunch crossings:
20 Electronics Simulation It is now possible to study: –Absolute scale of discriminator threshold –Functional form of time slewing correction –ADC bias due to multiple hits –Baseline shifts from hits in earlier bunch crossings (luminosity dependence of ADC) –ADC response to monopoles, MIPs, etc. Limiting factors will probably come from the PMT parameters (photocathode sensitivity, absolute gain) and scintillator.
21 Summary SPICE3 models: –Preamp: good shape now –Discriminator: should be okay Use simulation instead of parameterized model? Need to check threshold circuit in more detail. –CAFE driver: Predicted ADC counts have the right order of magnitude! Still need to work out the phase of the CAFÉ integration gate Now we will have to subtract pedestals in the simulation Real limitation probably comes from things we cant measure (PMT and scintillator properties).