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Cafés « juniors » Pablo Jensen ( CNRS) café « Sciences et Citoyens » (Lyon, F) Newcastle, May 22, 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "Cafés « juniors » Pablo Jensen ( CNRS) café « Sciences et Citoyens » (Lyon, F) Newcastle, May 22, 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cafés « juniors » Pablo Jensen ( CNRS) café « Sciences et Citoyens » (Lyon, F) ( Newcastle, May 22, 2004

2 From delegative to dialogical democracy delegative democracy : trust –elections, experts –danger : technocracy, lobbies, opinions ? dialogical democracy : negotiation –opens research of a 'common world' –danger : representation ?

3 Global impact of science (techno-nature) Critical attitude of citizens Participative research Active education Scientific cafés After years of trust in confined science (in labs)…

4 Participative research Science shops (NL, UK) National Breast Cancer Coalition (USA) Öko-Institut e.V. (Germany) ARUC (Canada) Consensus Conferences France ??

5 Community-University Research Alliances (Canada) promote sharing of knowledge, resources and expertise between universities and the community; enrich research and teaching methods in universities ; Example : « Partnering for sustainable resource management ». Collaboration between Cities of British Columbia, Chuzghun Resources Corporation, University of Northern British Columbia...

6 Global impact of science (curiosity, concerns…) Spirit of philo cafés (conviviality, openness, debate between equals…) cafés « Sciences et Citoyens » (Lyon, October 1997)

7 What is a (Lyons) café des sciences? Appetizer time (6:45 pm) A given topic (pain, vaccines, madness…) Guests : experts –scientists (human and unhuman sciences) –business, citizen organizations, religious –concerned public (NGO) wiser discussion

8 Junior cafés Supported by Government, Rhône-Alps region, Lyon University and (symbolically) CNRS

9 Change perception of science : science in action Learn to argue using information, develop autonomy Meet the people who are shaping our world : scientists, businessmen, politicians, NGOs Information about scientific issues in a convivial way Exchange views on environment, health, new technologies issues... PEDAGOGICAL AIM : A REASONABLE SKEPTICISM

10 METHODOLOGY (1) Pupils prepare their Café : with teachers and our advice, they choose a topic, define the important issues define three profiles of complementary guests NB : For us, a junior café is not « a single speaker giving a short talk + discussion » They advertise the café within their school We find appropriate guests

11 The cafeteria is transformed in a « school-free » place METHODOLOGY (2)


13 The discussion is lead by a teacher, or better by one or two pupils From 50 to 100 pupils, debate for ~ 2 hours Schools are free to adapt this scheme to their specific organization METHODOLOGY (3)

14 Junior cafés in France –1999 : 3 cafés in Lyon (55 by now) –2001 : Rhône-Alpes : Chambéry (~ 20), Valence, Grenoble, Saint-Etienne (~7 each) –2002 : Dijon (4), Paris (> 3), Strasbourg –« Health » cafés by INSERM (physicians) – Certainly many others…

15 Reasons for success Conviviality Students choose the subject ! (laundry-free clothes) multidisciplinary approach Sciences uncertain : disagreements, possible to argue (Rhône pollution) BUT : Time consuming to find 3 « good » guests Real cost : ~ 400 euros each

16 Active education SCOPE Project ( Science Controversies On-line Partnerships in Education –Follow a controversy through Internet –Argue for one choice with scientific facts


18 Going further... Forums Etudiants Citoyens –Involve future experts : university students –Deeper preparation –Mediators between experts and public during the café Three such forums so far, mainly on sustainable development

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