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Annex of visual documents and links for LES Who Controls the Puck Please respect individual image and website licensing conditions, which vary depending.

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Presentation on theme: "Annex of visual documents and links for LES Who Controls the Puck Please respect individual image and website licensing conditions, which vary depending."— Presentation transcript:

1 Annex of visual documents and links for LES Who Controls the Puck Please respect individual image and website licensing conditions, which vary depending on each source.

2 "Mail-order companies worked hard to develop customer loyalty, targeting their marketing to particular customers, and loyal customers they were" Read more at source page at : catalog/cat2200e.shtml Source: Image used with permission of Sears Canada Inc. Source for Catalogues See also the Canadian Museum of Civilization Eaton Catalogue & The Marketing of Hockey

3 Hockey competed with other sports for the limelight Opening night at Maple Leaf Gardens November 12, 1931 Original programme City of Toronto Archives, Series 306, Subseries 1, File 25 Copyright: In public domain Source:

4 CBC Radio broadcasted play-by-play live action. For example, families joined in the action, as Maurice Richard saved the day... Listen to Maurice Richard: Stanley Cup hero at CBC radio archives Radio Broadcasts of Hockey Games by Guy Mayer under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

5 Biggest Audience in Hockey History Hears Broadcast Radio reached millions of hockey fans in the 1940s. Big sponsors like Imperial oil showed business's continued involvement. View full-sized article as Google News Archive at

6 Preston Rivulettes "Between 1930 and 1940, the team played an estimated 350 games. [2] They lost only two and tied three. For the entire decade of the 1930s, the Rivulettes were the winners of the Bobby Rosenfeld Trophy. The trophy was given to the Ontario champions. In addition, the Rivulettes were six time winners of the Eastern Canadian championship and the Elmer Doust Cup (the honour for winning the Eastern Canadian championship). The team also won the Lady Bessborough Trophy (given to Canadian Champions) six times. [2] The Rivulettes were invited to play games in 1939 in Europe, but were unable to due to the start of World War II. In 1963, the club was inducted into the Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame."World War II Text and image source: : See also Queens of the Ice Lanes full article at https://www.uleth.ca/dspace/bitstream/handle/10133/2550/queens%20of%20the%20ice.pdf

7 Maroons Images source: File name:08_06_ Title: Hockey stars Maroons Creator/Contributor: Jones, Leslie, (photographer) Copyright © Leslie Jones. Courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection As Flickr user Boston Public Library using license CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 With permission to use derivative (cropped) version on LEARN site The Montreal Maroons played in the NHL from 1924 to 1938, winning the Stanley Cup in 1926 and They were the last non-Original Six team to win the Stanley Cup until the expansion Philadelphia Flyers won in (Wikipedia)

8 Great Depression hard on Maroons "In Montreal, financial strains from the Great Depression hurt the attendances of both the Canadiens and Maroons. However, there were far more francophone supporters for the Canadiens than anglophone supporters for the Maroons.[25] As a result, the Maroons finished with the worst attendance in the league, three seasons in a row. Also, by 1935, both teams were owned by Canadian Arena Company. (Ernest Savard and Maurice Forget, who owned the Canadiens, were part of the Canadian Arena Company, as were Maroons owners James Strachan and Donat Raymond). It became obvious that only one team could represent Montreal. The Maroons' dire financial straits caused them to sell off several players, including star winger Hooley Smith.[25] Despite the Maroons' financial troubles, they continued to play competitive hockey well into the 1930s Source: Images source: File name: 08_06_ Title: Stars - Montreal Maroon Creator/Contributor: Jones, Leslie, (photographer) Copyright © Leslie Jones. Courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection As Flickr user Boston Public Library using license CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

9 Maroons last games in 1938 See article in The Daily Times - Aug 26, 1938The Daily Times - Aug 26, 1938 via Google News archives at:

10 Maroons finally fold in 1939 "The Maroons officially folded May : In the years after Maroons folded the Canadiens, were left to represent Montreal, which was upended by Toronto as the largest city in Canada during the 1970's. Through these years Anglo hockey fans in Montreal either found themselves weaning onto the Habs or found themselves becoming Toronto Maple Leaf fans. Meanwhile the Montreal Forum, which was built specifically for the Maroons, would become the most famous venue in hockey as the Canadiens set a record with 24 Stanley Cup Championships with hockey heroes that will become legends throughout Canada, as the Maroons would be forgotten." Source: City of Toronto Archives, Series 306, Subseries 1, File 23 found at Copyright holder unknown. Presumed in public domain. Searching for owner.

11 Arena Company controls... See article in The Lewiston Daily Sun - Apr 6, 1940The Lewiston Daily Sun - Apr 6, 1940 via Google News archives at :

12 Better days forecast.. See article in The Windsor Daily Star - Apr 6, 1940The Windsor Daily Star - Apr 6, 1940 via Google News archives at :

13 Maple Leaf Gardens "At the corner of Carleton and Church Streets is one of Canadas national treasures, the Maple Leaf Gardens. For almost 68 years, the Gardens, as it was known, hosted a variety of events and was the home of one of the "Original Six" hockey teams, the Toronto Maple Leafs. Perhaps more significantly, it was the scene of many cherished Canadian moments." Read more and view the clip at: minutes/maple-leaf-gardens?media_type=41 Image source: Heritage Minutes clip:

14 Conn Smythe One of the more competitive and colourful characters in NHL history, Conn Smythe built the New York Rangers, Toronto Maple Leafs, and Maple Leaf Gardens. He was a fearless leader as a major on the battlefield in two world wars and took no prisoners when making the Maple Leafs one of the league's powers... Read more at Hockey Hall of Fame Conn Smythe biography at Images source: File name: 08_06_ Title: Conn Smythe Creator/Contributor: Jones, Leslie, (photographer) Rights: Copyright Leslie Jones. Credit: Courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection. As Flickr user Boston Public Library using license CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

15 Perspective of fan: George Woodward Photo used with permission from George Woodward Listen to.... An Oral History: DW Memories! Available to users of the LES are various media files, including interviews with DW about hockey in his youth, 1930s, and about hockey history in general, through the 1950s, 1960s, and right up to the present day. Various questions were posed and these have been separated into corresponding mp3 audio files. Access MP3 recordings at

16 Five things to know about... the Season ! On May 10, 1932, as they faced the Great Depression head on, NHL owners were willing to do anything to keep costs down. It was a far cry from todays world of collective bargaining, so six months before the season began, owners unilaterally determined that there would be a $70,000 salary cap for the upcoming season. The maximum salary for any single player would be $7,500. In addition, the league allowed only one of two temporarily suspended franchises, the Ottawa Senators, to return for It also cut the maximum number of skaters in uniform from 14 to 13 per game, and arranged working agreements with the AHL and WPHL to prevent those leagues from threatening to poach its players for higher salaries. These moves were meant to cut potential losses in a miserable economy, but many of the top players didnt appreciate them. One outspoken critic of the new policy was Rangers star Frank Boucher, who had held out for more money the year before and was prepared to do it again. By the time training camp opened in Lake Placid, Boucher and teammate Earl Seibert were AWOL. Boucher wanted the maximum salary, and Seibert wanted a substantial raise that was not possible under the new cap. On Oct. 31, with 10 prominent NHL players still holding out and the season less than two weeks away, the league declared it would block any players who refused to report to their teams from playing in any professional league. The following day, Boucher said the Rangers had given him permission to personally work out a deal in which he could be traded to another team, and that he would try to end up in his hometown of Ottawa. Rangers President Col. John S. Hammond denied that Boucher had complete free rein, and a war of words erupted in the newspapers until a one-year deal was agreed to on Nov. 7. Boucher reported to training camp, which was wrapping up in Springfield, Mass., and immediately caught the flu. He would miss the first two games of the season with his illness. Seibert, on the other hand, missed the first three games simply because he refused to sign the contract offered to him. On Nov. 11, NHL President Frank Calder told Seibert he would be suspended from all professional hockey until he reported to the Rangers. On Nov. 12, Seibert sat out the Rangers opener in Montreal, and was officially suspended. With nowhere else to go, he eventually signed on Nov. 23 and played in a 1-1 tie with Chicago on Nov. 24 at MSG. Players weren't the only ones affected by the economic concerns. League cost-cutting continued even after all the holdouts had signed. Perhaps the most notable midseason change was the NHLs decision to reduce the number of referees in a game from two to one on Jan. 4, The second referee became a lower- paid judge of play, or what we now know as linesmen. Decades would pass before the NHL returned to a two-referee system. Read full article at source: : Source: Source:

17 Howie Morenz "No hockey players star ever shone brighter than that of Howie Morenz. Known as both The Stratford Streak and The Mitchell Meteor, Morenz was the NHLs first true superstar, carving out a reputation as one of the best to ever play the game. His 14-year career began reluctantly and ended suddenly, sadly and prematurely." Read rest of article at View video at View slideshow at Source: By Flickr user Archives de la Ville de Montréal under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

18 James Norris Sr. "James Norris was the head of one of the NHL's most significant and powerful families. He transformed the state of professional hockey in Detroit and passed along his expertise to his three children who also became involved in the league." Full article at Hockey Hall of Fame site at See video on Detroit Red Wings and Norris Role at

19 War And Hockey History "The NHL has continued play through many conflicts, with the two World Wars having the most profound effect on the league. Many players interrupted their careers, either voluntarily or through conscription, for military service. With so many players serving during World War II, the NHL debated shutting the league down. But at the urging of both the Canadian and US governments, the NHL announced prior to season that the league would continue to operate "in the interest of public morale." Text used with permission by Hockey Legends at Image source unknown. Presumed to be in public domain due to age of photo.

20 Hockey in time of War (WWII) In all, over 100 NHL regulars or prospects from all of the NHL teams were called up or enlisted voluntarily in the Canadian or US Armed Forces during the Second World War. Of course, everybody probably had in mind that the players who joined could face the dangers of war. Some would be injured and others would make the ultimate sacrifice. While many NHL players were in the armed forces, a great number of those who remained worked in various war factories in the off-season and during the season. During the Canadiens Stanley Cup winning season of , the team held its practices in the evenings so that the players could work at their wartime day jobs. Full article by Francis B. and more information, videos and pictures at support-effortshttp://www.habseyesontheprize.com/2010/11/11/ /remembering-canadiens-and-bruins-1940s-wartime- support-efforts See also: Screen shot of Google Archive version of Montreal Gazette. Read whole article at

21 Hockey in time of War (WWII) Conn Smyth answered the call of duty in two world wars. He also encouraged his Maple Leaf players to enlist in the Canadian army. Even though many players were absent, the Leafs still stayed an upper division team throughout the war. Source: Hockey Chronicle Conn Smythe (at left) and others enlisting for service at Maple Leaf Gardens, 1939 Fonds Conn Smythe Reference code: F Archives of Ontario, I Photo used with permission only via LEARN web site


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