2StandardsSSCG21 The student will describe the causes and effects of criminal activity.Examine the nature and causes of crimes.Explain the effects criminal acts have on their intended victims.Categorize different types of crimes.Explain the different types of defenses used by perpetrators of crime.
3CrimesCrime: Act that breaks a law causing injury or harm to people and/or society in general. Most crimes break state laws but more and more crimes break federal law, tax fraud, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, mail fraud, kidnapping crimes across state lines.
4Criminal Justice System Includes State and Federal Courts Judges Lawyers Police Prisons All enforce Criminal Law. Juvenile Justice System
5Types of Crimes States have penal code(written laws) 3 types of crimes Petty OffensesParking illegally, minor traffic tickets,Disturbing the peaceTrespassingPunishments; ticket, citation not arrested.
6Misdemeanors More serious crimes. VandalismSimple assaultStealing (small items)Bad checks (modest amts)Drunk and DisorderlyPunishment: fine or jail for one year or less.
7Felonies The most serious of crimes Fraud Burglary Kidnapping Forgery ManslaughterArsonMurderRape
8Punishment for Felonies Punishment for murder punishment can be death, in GA can be 1-20 years, life, life w/o parole or death.Punishment can be prison for more than one year.Felons may lose civil rightsRight to voteOwning a firearmServe on a juryAlso may lose right to certain jobs, military, law, teaching and law enforcement.DUI is a misdemeanor that can lead to a felony if the person has been convicted before.
9Juvenile Justice System Juvenile justice system is in place to deal with infants and children up to age 18. Juvenile records are sealed, not open to the public; at age 18 the records can be expunged. (erased) In some cases children as young as 13 have been tried as adults. Front Line Website
10Examine the nature and causes of crimes Examine the nature and causes of crimes. Explain the effects criminal acts have on their intended victims.What are the reasons for committing crimes? Psychological/Mental instability-rape (power and control), murder. Need/Desire-a need or a want commit crimes like burglary, assault, robbery. Societal-Social structure, lack of education, poverty, peer pressure.
15Enduring Understanding Essential Questions Individuals commit crimes for different reasons. Why do people commit crimes and what effects do these criminal acts have on their intended victims? (CG21) Due process rights are an essential part of the civil justice system in a democratic society. Why are due process rights important to individuals accused of committing a crime? (CG22)