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Warm Up What does the study of law mean to you? What does it mean to “sue” someone? What is the purpose of a lawyer? Once you’ve answered these 3 questions,

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Presentation on theme: "Warm Up What does the study of law mean to you? What does it mean to “sue” someone? What is the purpose of a lawyer? Once you’ve answered these 3 questions,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm Up What does the study of law mean to you? What does it mean to “sue” someone? What is the purpose of a lawyer? Once you’ve answered these 3 questions, get your device out and connect it to the wifi.

2 Unit 4 The American Legal System

3 Types of Laws 4.1

4 4.1 : Identify the different types of laws

5 I.Kinds of Laws A.Constitutional Law- highest form, based on Constitution and judicial interpretation B.Statutory Law- statutes/laws passed by legislatures of all levels C.Administrative Law- rules, orders, regulations passed by executive officers of all levels D.Common Law- case law based on judicial precedent E.International Law – law between nations; treaties, trade, etc.

6 F.Criminal law – punishment for crimes G.Civil law – lawsuit for wrongdoing or negligence NOT the crime.

7 II. Federal v. State Crime Statute: state or federal law Ordinance: local law Federal Crime: crime against U.S.A. (felonies) bank robbery, terrorism, counterfeiting, tax evasion, organized crime – FBI has jurisdiction State Crime: crime against state (felonies or misdemeanors) murder, assault, burglary, theft – NC Bureau of Investigation has jurisdiction at state level – Sheriff has jurisdiction at the county level


9 Post Assessment 1.Also known as precedent, this type of law is developed by courts rather than legislatures 2.Law enacted by a legislature 3.Law that governs and regulates government agencies 4.Law that is enforced by government for severe and minor violations 5.An environmental regulation that was implemented by the EPA 6.Law that settles disputes between people; divorce 7.Leandro v. State 1994 8.A murder case 9.The US Supreme Court examines Obamacare to determine if it should stay. 10.A case of negligence where a shopper slips on a wet floor that was not marked with a hazard sign.


11 Pre Assessment See what you know!

12 Which of the following parties is not involved in a criminal lawsuit? 1.Prosecution 2.Defense 3.Judge 4.Plaintiff

13 In criminal law the defendant has committed a __________. In civil law the defendant has committed a ______________. 1.Crime, tort 2.Tort, crime 3.Crime, felony 4.Felony, crime

14 Which of the following is an example of a felony? 1.Arson 2.Petty theft 3.Simple assault 4.trespassing

15 Which of the following would be grounds for a civil lawsuit? 1.Trespassing 2.Wrongful death 3.Assault 4.All of the above

16 What are the two classifications of crimes in the United States? 1.Worse crime, small crime 2.Prison, jail 3.Bad, worse 4.Felony, misdemeanor

17 Who is the plaintiff in a lawsuit? 1.The person bringing an accusation 2.The government 3.The person defending his or herself 4.The head of the jury

18 What is a “settlement”? 1.Where the two parties will continue with the court case 2.Where the two parties will decide what court they will use 3.Where the lawyer settles for his fees 4.Where the two parties agree on terms outside of court

19 Why would one of the parties want to “settle”? 1.To avoid the time and expense of a court case 2.To avoid fighting one another 3.To avoid losing their friendship 4.To ensure that the defendant loses

20 A local law is called a: 1.Statute 2.Felony 3.Misdemeanor 4.Ordinance

21 If Joe commits murder in North Carolina, what court would he report to? 1.A federal court 2.A South Carolina Court 3.A North Carolina Court 4.A Supreme Court

22 What is the “dual court system”? 1.Criminal and civil courts 2.Felonious and misdeeming courts 3.State and local courts 4.Federal and state courts

23 The United States has an “adversarial system” of justice. What does this mean? 1.There are two opposing parties in court who are both trying to win 2.There are good people and bad people in the court system 3.There are winners and losers in the court system 4.Felonies and misdemeanors are the only ways to commit crime

24 What law enforcement agency has jurisdiction over a case involving a serial killer across many different state lines? 1.CIA 2.Sheriff 3.FBI 4.Police

25 For what type of offense would an individual go to prison and for how long? 1.A serious misdemeanor, 1 year or less 2.A serious felony, 1 year or more 3.A petty misdemeanor, 1 year or more 4.A petty felony, 1 year or less

26 What role can a Grand Jury play in the procedures of a criminal court case? 1.The arraignment 2.The indictment 3.Sentencing 4.Delivering the verdict

27 I. Criminal Law 1.Govt. against person – prosecution v. defendant – Crime types: Felony: More serious crime. prison term of more than one year » Ex. Murder or robbery Misdemeanor: Less serious crime. Prison term of less than one year » Ex. Simple assault or minor theft

28 2. Guilt or innocence “Beyond a reasonable doubt” – If there are any doubts about a defendant’s guilt, then judge or jury must vote not to convict

29 II. Civil Law 1.between individuals or groups Person against person plaintiff v. defendant – Civil Action A lawsuit can be brought by a person who feels wronged or injured by another person

30 2. Types 1.Tort Law 1.Plaintiff claims a civil wrong 2.Family Law 1.Divorce, child custody, marriage 3.“Preponderance of the Evidence” 3.The judge or jury needs only to decide if it is more likely than not that the plaintiff’s complaint is true (lower standard than for Criminal cases)

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