Presentation on theme: "20 Years of the Public Internet: Assessing Online Developments in Good Law & Better Regulation LVI2013 Free Access to Law in a Changing World: 26 September."— Presentation transcript:
20 Years of the Public Internet: Assessing Online Developments in Good Law & Better Regulation LVI2013 Free Access to Law in a Changing World: 26 September 2013 Christopher T. Marsden Professor of Media Law, University of Sussex erson/319200
20 Years of the WWW NCSA Mozilla browser launched 28 Sept1993 o Version 1.0 released on November 11, 1993, beta v0.6 on 28 September: ftp://ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Mosaic/Windows/Archive/MosaicHistory.h tml Internet has grown to reach 5 billion citizens o Many restricted by o low bandwidth, o high charges and o mobile rip-offs Even now, statute and case law – and even property records – are not fully online, but a great deal has been achieved.
Developing big online legal data: BOLD Free Access to Law movement (FALM) o online case law via BAILII in the UK o Legal Information Institutes (AustLII, Cornell etc.) #GoodLaw online statutes o expanded rapidly o stage of attempts at crowdsourcing ideas for #goodlaw Online legal education and research o BILETA since 1985 o Electronic Law Journals project at Warwick, o International Journal of Communications Law and Policy in 1998 with Noveck and others, o publishing books via Creative Commons: Marsden 2010
4 Check against delivery participants only Book launched February ,000 downloads first 2 months
Greenleaf et al (2011, 2012) identify six historic attempts to achieve FALM 1.Example set by the LII (Cornell) and LexuM in early 90s 2.AustLIIs 1995 formulation: obligations of official publishers Declaration on Free Access to Law 4.Guiding Principles for States formulated by 2008 expert meeting convened by Hague Conference on Private International Law 5.Law.Gov principles developed by Public Resources.org in 2010; and 6.draft Uniform Electronic Legal Materials Act recommended in 2011 by US National Conference of Commissioners of Uniform State Laws
Is Ministry of Justice ready for revolution? #Goodlaw – radical crowd-sourced legislative approach Open Data Institute – Sir Nigel Shadbolt o Better than my Data Mashing Workshop work! BAILII and Supreme Court reforms Society for Computers and Law trying hard o Computers and Law is entirely open – it can be done Maybe… But what we really need is pan-European approach DG Justice ready?
Punctuated equilibrium models
Why cant we build a smartphone app for lawyers? Already done using open case law, statute, articles Where? Austria Why not here? Why not everywhere? OR
InstitutionName UVAmsterdamProf. Radboud G.F. Winkels Prof. Mireille van Eechoud SussexProf. Chris Marsden LSEDr. Paolo Dini Dr. Shenja van der Graaf Dr. Antonella Passani ALPGiulio Marcon Gianluigi Alberici SUASProf. Thomas Heistracher DI (FH) Thomas Lampoltshammer BYWDr. Clemens Wass, MBL, MBA
Mapping Open Law Mapping of stakeholders, processes in legal information production and consumption (at various levels of regulatory instruments), and flows of content, rights, and value. Production of a series of country case studies, o examining legal publishing systems, o social use of legal publishing (audience and authorship models) and o technology developments towards the open access model (at micro-legal and macro-societal levels). Case study 1: European institutions' provision of free access to European Union law, o cases, legislation, regulatory instruments and academic-expert analysis.
Analysis of social, legal and market requirements specifying the main stakeholders and working practices o consumption, creation, use and exploitation of legal data. mapping of stakeholders strategies and operations, key use cases for re-use and consumption of legal data. Maps data flows resulting from legal/social/market rules identifies potential flows of value in the same context. E.g. transformation of information from private to public link between open and closed business models.
Country case studies Review of the existing information systems and legal databases already in use o produce a specification of the requirements of the system Case studies are the UK, Austria and the Netherlands. The findings will be informed by key informant interviews and form a working assumption, o supported by the literature review, and the insights of workshops. The breadth of stakeholders interviewed in each case will be broad and include experts from: academia, Non-Departmental Public Bodies (NDPB), trading funds, private entrepreneurs, corporations, standards bodies, NGOs and government policy officials with both domestic and international responsibilities.
Comparative political economy analysis of stakeholders, legal content, and services Environment (institutions, policies and legal community) in which open access models flourish? publication of draft case studies and final report dissemination and feedback mechanisms o on- (open access websites, promotion via social media and comment promotion via Wiki o offline (via workshops and conferences) create expert panel: o constructive critique for future iterations of the reports final synthesis report draws out existing barriers, best practices and institutional path dependence.
OpenLaws.eu - foster access to justice 1.Expanding the concept of open innovation to the legal field. 2.Introducing the concept of mass-customization to the legal field. 3.Proposing a comprehensive European Big Open Legal Data (BOLD) Vision 2020 for incremental implementation, built on top of existing EU and national systems and content (e.g. EUR-Lex, e-Justice System, e-Codex).
Developing initial BOLD ICT Platform Launch of: a.dedicated legal EU social networks. b.a hub for open access legal journals. Promote open data, open access publications, and open standards (e.g. ELI, ECLI) in the legal field. Contribute research for the Open Innovation Strategy and Policy Group (OISPG).