Presentation on theme: "A Presentation on Standardisation for Qualification of Components for Harsh Environments FOHEC 2010."— Presentation transcript:
A Presentation on Standardisation for Qualification of Components for Harsh Environments FOHEC 2010
The Definition of Standardisation Standardisation (or standardization) is the process of developing and agreeing upon technical standards. A standard is a document that establishes uniform engineering or technical specifications, criteria, methods, processes, or practices. Some standards are mandatory while others are voluntary. Some standards are de facto, meaning a norm or requirement which has an informal but dominant status. Formal standards bodies such as the International Organization for Standardisation (ISO) or the American National Standards Institute are independent of the manufacturers of the goods for which they publish standards. The goals of standardisation can be to help with independence of single suppliers (commodification), compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality. (Wikipedia)
Why Standardise? To provide the aerospace community with components suitable for the role that they are Intended by: Qualifying components to common, recognised test methods Environmental testing simulating conditions encountered in flight Expand supplier base Providing technical information and requirements to designers, manufacturers, etc for: –System design –Component selection –Training –Testing –Installation & maintenance practices FOHEC 2010
Fibre Optic Standards for Harsh Environments Areas utilising standards for applications include: Telecommunications (Outside installation) Aerospace (Aeronautical, UAV & Space) Defence (Deployable fibre optics) Mass transport (Rail) Undersea exploration (UUVs) Gas & Oil industries (Down hole applications, Rigs) Broadcasting (Deployable fibre optics) FOHEC 2010
Telecommunications Standards Bodies International Electro technical Commission (IEC) Leading global organisation that prepares and publishes international standards for electrical, electronic and related technologies i.e. Photonics Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA) Alliance of four trade associations: Electronic Components, Assemblies & Materials Association (ECA), Government Electronics & Information Technology Association (GEIA), JEDEC Solid State Technology Association, Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) FOHEC 2010
Standards Bodies for Aerospace ISO The International Organisation for Standardisation is the International non-governmental standard setting body comprising of a network of the national standards institutes of 161 countries, one member per country. (Aerospace TC20) ARINC Aeronautical Radio Incorporated. The standards division is a non profit making organisation developing aerospace standards for the commercial aircraft industry ASD-STAN The Aerospace & Defence Industries Association of Europe. The European standards body created by the amalgamation of the AECMA, EDIG & Eurospace standards bodies. Develops European Norm standards SAE / ASD The Society of Automotive Engineers Avionics Systems Division. Made up of various Task and Working groups developing, coordinating, maintaining and reviewing standardisation activities within the US aerospace industry. It is also actively developing new Standards to replace current US Military-Standards (MIL-STD) FOHEC 2010
Standards used in the European Aerospace Community FOHEC 2010 Telecommunications standard TIA 455 Standard Test Procedures for Fiber. Optic Fibers, Cables, Transducers, Sensors, Connecting and Terminating Devices, and Other Fiber Optic Components provides specific test methods for the qualification of optical components. The European aerospace community has utilised much of the work developed in TIA 455 and produced a series of European Norms (ENs) used by both commercial and military industries for the qualification of components. This work is ongoing and is the responsibility of the ASD- STAN D2/S10 Working Group. For UK defence applications, where no suitable recognised standard is available the Ministry of Defence has developed Defence Standards (Def Stan) to address the specific requirements for qualification. These Def Stans become obsolete when a suitable recognised standard is identified.
FOHEC 2010 Standards used in the US Aerospace Community The US defence industry continues to utilise Military Standards (MIL- STD) and Aerospace Standards (SAE AS) for many of their qualification requirements. Where no suitable MIL-STD or AS is available the use of TIAs will be used with specific test criteria included for their particular requirements US commercial aircraft components are qualified to the ARINC 800 series of fibre optic standards (801 to 807). Test methods included in these document are developed from the TIA series of standards adapted for aerospace requirements.
FOHEC 2010 ISO TC20/SC1 Electrical NATIONAL STANDARDS BODIES ANSI American National Standards Institute BSI British Standards Institute CEN European Standards Committee DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (Germany) NOTE: The SAE Aerospace Council serves as the US sponsor for the US Technical Advisory Committee for ISO/TC20 providing a focal point for co-ordinating the needs of the US aerospace industry within ISO/TC20. SBAC (UK) ASD-STAN (Europe) EIA/TIA (USA) SAE (USA) TRADE ASSOCIATIONS ARINC (USA) AFNOR (France) ISO TC20 Aerospace Standards Roadmap
FOHEC 2010 New Developments The Space community started to review work being carried out in Aerospace standards groups for possible integration for qualifying components for space applications. In 2009 JEDEC initiated the 13.6 committee for Fibre Optic Test & Qualification Specifications for Ruggedized Environments. In 2010 JEDEC 13.6 and SAE AS-3 formally agreed to co-participate to develop a series of standards pertaining to the requirements identified. The work will involve reviewing all current aerospace standards to ensure that the best of each is identified to produce a series of standards that will provide the required test methodologies. Qualification of components for Space applications
FOHEC 2010 Undersea Exploration ASTM International F2541-06, Standard Guide for Unmanned Undersea Vehicles (UUV) Autonomy and Control F2545-07, Standard Guide for Unmanned Undersea Vehicle (UUV) Physical Payload Interface Rail Transport (UK) Commercially available standards i.e. IEC London Underground (LUL) standards Oil & Gas Commercially available standards i.e. TIA Other Industries
FOHEC 2010 Boeing-Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor Lockheed Martin F16 Block 60 AugustaWestland AW159 Wildcat Westland Sea King Mk3a AugustaWestland AW101 Merlin HC3 Boeing Chinook HC3 Airbus A340-600 Airbus A380 AIRBUS A400M Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II Boeing 777 Boeing 787 BAE Systems Typhoon Dassault Aviation Rafale Aerospace Platforms