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TOEFL 1 What is TOEFL The TOEFL test is an internationally accepted standard of English that measures the academic English proficiency of a non-native.

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Presentation on theme: "TOEFL 1 What is TOEFL The TOEFL test is an internationally accepted standard of English that measures the academic English proficiency of a non-native."— Presentation transcript:



3 What is TOEFL The TOEFL test is an internationally accepted standard of English that measures the academic English proficiency of a non-native speaker of English. The TOEFL test is required by more than 7,000 colleges, universities and licensing agencies in 110 countries throughout the world. 2

4 TOFEL Origin Educational Testing ServiceEducational Testing Service The TOEFL test is a registered trademark of Educational Testing Service (ETS) and is administered worldwide.Educational Testing Service The test was first administered in 1964 and has since been taken by more than 23 million students. Center for Applied LinguisticsCenter for Applied Linguistics Charles A. Ferguson. The test was originally developed at the Center for Applied Linguistics led by the linguist, Dr. Charles A. Ferguson.Charles A. FergusonCenter for Applied LinguisticsCharles A. Ferguson 3

5 Purpose of TOEFL TOEFL measures the ability of non-native speakers of English to use and understand English as it is spoken, written and heard in college and university settings. TOEIC TOEIC As opposed to the TOEIC test (TEST OF ENGLISH FOR INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION) that measures the use of English in a business context, the TOEFL test has an academic focus. TOEIC 4

6 Who uses the TOEFL test? Students who want to study further: For non-native speakers who hold degrees or diplomas from post- secondary institutions in English speaking countries Academic institutions: To determine academic readiness and make admissions decisions for international applicants Individuals who are applying for professional licensure or certification Many government, licensing and certification agencies, as well as exchange and scholarship programmes also use TOEFL scores as a decision-making tool. 5

7 Benefits of the TOEFL test Widely available and easily accessible Regarded as the international standard and industry leader The test is administered under secure conditions and is highly reliable; hence, scores can be used confidently to make high-stakes decisions valid and reliable valid and reliable The TOEFL test has different versions that are used in different countries. But all versions are equally valid and reliable and are developed and administered based on the stringent ETS Standards for Quality and Fairness. valid and reliable 6

8 TOEFL Format The TOEFL test is available in two ways: International Testing Program TOEFL CBT (computer-based or iBT) TOEFL P&P (paper based) Institutional Testing Program Pre TOEFL (paper based) TOEFL ITP (paper based) 7

9 Paper Based TOEFL The PBT TOEFL test comprises three sections plus a 30-minute writing test (the Test of Written English): Listening Comprehension measures the ability to understand English Structure and Language measures the ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English Reading Comprehension measures the ability to understand non-technical reading matter in English 8

10 Overview of Paper-Based TOEFL TimeTOEFLSection 35 minutes50 multiple choice questions Listening Comprehension 25 Minutes40 multiple choice questions Structure and Written Expression 55 Minutes50 multiple choice questions Reading Comprehension 30 Minutes1 essay questionTest of Written English (TWE) 9

11 Purposes of ITP TOEFL assigning individuals to English courses at the appropriate level of difficulty determining proficiency in English at the beginning and end of courses of study in English determining if nonnative speakers of English have a sufficient command of the language to participate in a study abroad program providing students an opportunity to become acquainted with the multiple-choice test format completing a graduation requirement assessing proficiency of faculty and other professional- level staff 10

12 iBT TOEFL TimingNumber of QuestionsTest Section 60-100 minutes3-5 passages, 12-14 questions each Reading 60-90 minutes4-6 lectures, 6 questions each Listening 20 minutes6 tasks: 2 independent and 4 integrated Speaking 20 minutes 30 minutes 1 integrated task 1 independent task Writing 11

13 TOEFL Score The raw score for each section is converted by statistical means to a number on what is called the TOEFL test scale. paper-based TOEFL 310 to 677 The total paper-based TOEFL test score is reported on a scale that ranges from 310 to 677. iBT TOEFL 0 - 120 The total iBT TOEFL test score is reported on a scale that ranges from 0 - 120. What constitutes an acceptable TOEFL score depends entirely on the requirements of each institution. There is no specific passing or failing score. 12

14 The score ranges paper based TOEFL The paper based TOEFL score ranges are listed below: Score RangeTest Section 31 - 68Listening Comprehension 31 - 68Structure/Written Expression 31 - 67Reading Comprehension 310 - 677Total Score iBT TOEFL The iBT TOEFL score ranges are listed below: Score RangeTest Section 0 - 30Listening 0 - 30Reading 0 - 30Speaking 0 - 30Writing 0 - 120Total Score 13

15 Regulations of Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research for TOEFL IPT and Training Courses - A license from ETS should be obtained to carry out the TOEFL test - English centers in Iraqi Universities should provide a training courses entitled How to prepare for TOEFL exam. to prepare students and scholars for TOEFL exam. - The training course comprises of ten week intensive English language lectures (three days per week and three hours per day). - The cost of the course is ID 275,000 14

16 Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research Scores PhDMSc or DiplomaSubject 520500English Language Departments Group 480430Medical Group 450410Engineering Group 430390Pure Sciences Group 430390Agriculture and Vetrinary Sciences Group 410370Management and legal Sciences Group 390350Humanities Sciences Group 15

17 TOEFL Preparation Programme We offer in English Learning Unit (ELU) a 90 –hour programme which focus on the development of test- taking skills and strategies through: Listening practice. Reading and Vocabulary practice. Speaking practice Structure practice Writing practice 16

18 Other English Courses We also offer at our ELU other English courses depending on English Proficiency Levels: Advanced: - Advanced: Able to clearly communicate any idea in English. Able to understand conversations and lectures with minimal difficulty for university-level study on completion of advance level. Intermediate: - Intermediate: Able to understand most questions and statements at normal speaking speed. Able to sustain a conversation with a native speaker about topics familiar to the student. Elementary: - Elementary: Able to understand and respond to simple questions and directions from a native speaker. Able to participate in brief conversations on everyday topics. 17

19 ETS (Educational Testing Service) A nonprofit ETS, founded in 1947, develops, administers and scores more than 50 million tests annually including: the TOEFL® and TOEIC® tests, the GRE® General and Subject Tests and The Praxis Series assessments in more than 180 countries, and at over 9,000 locations worldwide. 18

20 What is the GRE? The Graduate Record Examination The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) consists of two separate tests: - the General Test and - the Subject Test in psychology. - The General Test is composed of three parts--verbal, quantitative, and analytical writing. The verbal and the quantitative tests each yield a separate score between 200-800. - Scores on the analytical writing test are reported in ½-point increments along a scale of 0 to 6. - The Subject Test, required by only some programs, measures knowledge of psychological concepts that are essential to graduate study; it also yields a score of from 200-800. - It is essential that you do well--at least 550 on each test. 19

21 Additional ETS services Educational Testing Service offers: consulting services, technical assistance, custom assessments, in-depth research, and other solutions for school districts, institutions, businesses and government agencies throughout the world. 20

22 ETS License TOEFL® Test of English as a Foreign Language The TOEFL The TOEFL test measures the ability of nonnative speakers of English to communicate in English in the college or university classroom. Test scores are used in the admissions process at more than 7,000 academic institutions throughout the world. TOEFL® ITP Institutional Testing Program The TOEFL ITP The TOEFL ITP measures English-language proficiency at the intermediate-to-advanced levels and is used for academic placement, progress evaluation, exit testing and other situations that do not require a secured testing environment. GRE® Graduate Record Examinations® The GRE The GRE tests measure skills that assist graduate schools, business schools and departments with admissions activities, guidance and placement, program evaluation and selection of fellowship recipients. 21

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