2 What is TOEFLThe TOEFL test is an internationally accepted standard of English that measures the academic English proficiency of a non-native speaker of English.The TOEFL test is required by more than 7,000 colleges, universities and licensing agencies in 110 countries throughout the world.
3 TOFEL OriginThe TOEFL test is a registered trademark of Educational Testing Service (ETS) and is administered worldwide.The test was first administered in 1964 and has since been taken by more than 23 million students.The test was originally developed at the Center for Applied Linguistics led by the linguist, Dr. Charles A. Ferguson.
4 Purpose of TOEFLTOEFL measures the ability of non-native speakers of English to use and understand English as it is spoken, written and heard in college and university settings.As opposed to the TOEIC test (TEST OF ENGLISH FOR INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION) that measures the use of English in a business context, the TOEFL test has an academic focus.
5 Who uses the TOEFL test?Students who want to study further: For non-native speakers who hold degrees or diplomas from post-secondary institutions in English speaking countriesAcademic institutions: To determine academic readiness and make admissions decisions for international applicantsIndividuals who are applying for professional licensure or certificationMany government, licensing and certification agencies, as well as exchange and scholarship programmes also use TOEFL scores as a decision-making tool.
6 Benefits of the TOEFL test Widely available and easily accessibleRegarded as the international standard and industry leaderThe test is administered under secure conditions and is highly reliable; hence, scores can be used confidently to make high-stakes decisionsThe TOEFL test has different versions that are used in different countries. But all versions are equally valid and reliable and are developed and administered based on the stringent ETS Standards for Quality and Fairness.
7 TOEFL Format The TOEFL test is available in two ways: ♦ International Testing ProgramTOEFL CBT (computer-based or iBT)TOEFL P&P (paper based)♦ Institutional Testing ProgramPre TOEFL (paper based)TOEFL ITP (paper based)
8 Paper Based TOEFL The PBT TOEFL test comprises three sections plus a 30-minute writing test (the Test of Written English):Listening Comprehension measures the ability to understand EnglishStructure and Language measures the ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written EnglishReading Comprehension measures the ability to understand non-technical reading matter in English
9 Overview of Paper-Based TOEFL TimeTOEFLSection35 minutes50 multiple choice questionsListening Comprehension25 Minutes40 multiple choice questionsStructure and Written Expression55 MinutesReading Comprehension30 Minutes1 essay questionTest of Written English (TWE)
10 Purposes of ITP TOEFLassigning individuals to English courses at the appropriate level of difficultydetermining proficiency in English at the beginning and end of courses of study in Englishdetermining if nonnative speakers of English have a sufficient command of the language to participate in a study abroad programproviding students an opportunity to become acquainted with the multiple-choice test formatcompleting a graduation requirementassessing proficiency of faculty and other professional- level staff
11 iBT TOEFL Timing Number of Questions Test Section 60-100 minutes 3-5 passages, questions eachReading60-90 minutes4-6 lectures, 6 questions eachListening20 minutes6 tasks: 2 independent and 4 integratedSpeaking30 minutes1 integrated task1 independent taskWriting
12 TOEFL ScoreThe raw score for each section is converted by statistical means to a number on what is called the TOEFL test scale.The total paper-based TOEFL test score is reported on a scale that ranges from 310 to 677.The total iBT TOEFL test score is reported on a scale that ranges fromWhat constitutes an acceptable TOEFL score depends entirely on the requirements of each institution.There is no specific passing or failing score.
13 The score ranges The paper based TOEFL score ranges are listed below: Test SectionListening ComprehensionStructure/Written ExpressionReading ComprehensionTotal ScoreThe iBT TOEFL score ranges are listed below:Score RangeTest Section0 - 30ListeningReadingSpeakingWritingTotal Score
14 Regulations of Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research for TOEFL IPT and Training Courses- A license from ETS should be obtained to carry out the TOEFL test- English centers in Iraqi Universities should provide a training courses entitled “How to prepare for TOEFL exam”. to prepare students and scholars for TOEFL exam.- The training course comprises of ten week intensive English language lectures (three days per week and three hours per day).- The cost of the course is ID 275,000
15 Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research Scores PhDMSc or DiplomaSubject520500English Language Departments Group480430Medical Group450410Engineering Group390Pure Sciences GroupAgriculture and VetrinarySciences Group370Management and legal Sciences Group350Humanities Sciences Group
16 TOEFL Preparation Programme We offer in English Learning Unit (ELU) a 90 –hour programme which focus on the development of test-taking skills and strategies through:Listening practice.Reading and Vocabulary practice.Speaking practiceStructure practiceWriting practice
17 Other English CoursesWe also offer at our ELU other English courses depending on English Proficiency Levels: - Advanced: Able to clearly communicate any idea in English. Able to understand conversations and lectures with minimal difficulty for university-level study on completion of advance level. - Intermediate: Able to understand most questions and statements at normal speaking speed. Able to sustain a conversation with a native speaker about topics familiar to the student. - Elementary: Able to understand and respond to simple questions and directions from a native speaker. Able to participate in brief conversations on everyday topics.
18 ETS (Educational Testing Service) A nonprofit ETS, founded in 1947, develops, administers and scores more than 50 million tests annually — including:the TOEFL® and TOEIC® tests,the GRE® General and Subject Testsand The Praxis Series™ assessments —in more than 180 countries, and at over 9,000 locations worldwide.
19 What is the GRE?The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) consists of two separate tests:- the General Test and- the Subject Test in psychology.- The General Test is composed of three parts--verbal, quantitative, and analytical writing. The verbal and the quantitative tests each yield a separate score between- Scores on the analytical writing test are reported in ½-point increments along a scale of 0 to 6.- The Subject Test, required by only some programs, measures knowledge of psychological concepts that are essential to graduate study; it also yields a score of from- It is essential that you do well--at least 550 on each test.
20 Additional ETS services Educational Testing Service offers:consulting services,technical assistance,custom assessments,in-depth research,and other solutionsfor school districts, institutions, businesses and government agencies throughout the world.
21 ETS License TOEFL® — Test of English as a Foreign Language™ The TOEFL test measures the ability of nonnative speakers of English to communicate in English in the college or university classroom. Test scores are used in the admissions process at more than 7,000 academic institutions throughout the world.TOEFL® ITP — Institutional Testing ProgramThe TOEFL ITP measures English-language proficiency at the intermediate-to-advanced levels and is used for academic placement, progress evaluation, exit testing and other situations that do not require a secured testing environment.GRE® — Graduate Record Examinations®The GRE tests measure skills that assist graduate schools, business schools and departments with admissions activities, guidance and placement, program evaluation and selection of fellowship recipients.