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Rlenker® Lockout / Tagout Hershey Entertainment and Resorts Company Revised 2006 29 CFR 1910.147.

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Presentation on theme: "Rlenker® Lockout / Tagout Hershey Entertainment and Resorts Company Revised 2006 29 CFR 1910.147."— Presentation transcript:

1 rlenker® Lockout / Tagout Hershey Entertainment and Resorts Company Revised CFR

2 Scope Covers servicing and maintenance of machines when UNEXPECTED start-up or release of stored energy could cause injury Covers servicing and maintenance of machines when UNEXPECTED start-up or release of stored energy could cause injury

3 Purpose Requires employers to: Requires employers to: Establish a program and use procedures for affixing lockout or tagout devices to energy isolating devices, and Establish a program and use procedures for affixing lockout or tagout devices to energy isolating devices, and To otherwise disable machines or product To otherwise disable machines or product To prevent unexpected energization, start-up or release of stored energy in order to prevent injury to employees To prevent unexpected energization, start-up or release of stored energy in order to prevent injury to employees

4 Application Standard applies to control of energy during servicing and/or maintenance of machines and equipment Standard applies to control of energy during servicing and/or maintenance of machines and equipment

5 Application The standard does not apply to The standard does not apply to Servicing or maintaining cord and plug connected electrical equipment Servicing or maintaining cord and plug connected electrical equipment Hot tap operations that involve transmission and distribution systems for gas, steam, water or petroleum products when they are performed on pressurized pipelines; when continuity of service is essential, and shutdown of the system is impractical; and employees are provided with an alternative type of protection that is equally effective. Hot tap operations that involve transmission and distribution systems for gas, steam, water or petroleum products when they are performed on pressurized pipelines; when continuity of service is essential, and shutdown of the system is impractical; and employees are provided with an alternative type of protection that is equally effective.

6 Definitions Authorized Employee – person who locks or tags machines/equipment to perform servicing Authorized Employee – person who locks or tags machines/equipment to perform servicing Affected Employee – One who is required to use machines/equipment on which servicing is performed under lockout/tagout or who must work in such an area Affected Employee – One who is required to use machines/equipment on which servicing is performed under lockout/tagout or who must work in such an area

7 Definitions Capable of being locked out Capable of being locked out Designed with hasp or attachment to which lock can be affixed; or Designed with hasp or attachment to which lock can be affixed; or Has locking mechanism built in; or Has locking mechanism built in; or Lockout can be achieved without need to dismantle, rebuild, replace or permanently alter Lockout can be achieved without need to dismantle, rebuild, replace or permanently alter

8 Definitions Energized – connected to an energy source, or containing residual or stored energy Energized – connected to an energy source, or containing residual or stored energy Energy Isolating Device – a mechanical device that physically prevents the transmission or release of energy Energy Isolating Device – a mechanical device that physically prevents the transmission or release of energy Energy Source – any source of electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal or other energy Energy Source – any source of electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal or other energy

9 Definitions Lockout – the placement of a lockout device on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an established procedure, ensuring that the device and the equipment being controlled cannot be operated until the lockout device is removed Lockout – the placement of a lockout device on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an established procedure, ensuring that the device and the equipment being controlled cannot be operated until the lockout device is removed Lockout Device – a device that utilizes a positive means to hold an energy isolating device in a safe position and prevent energization Lockout Device – a device that utilizes a positive means to hold an energy isolating device in a safe position and prevent energization

10 Definitions Normal Production Operations – utilization of a machine or equipment to perform its intended function Normal Production Operations – utilization of a machine or equipment to perform its intended function Servicing/Maintenance – includes lubrication, cleaning or unjamming, making adjustments and tool changes; where employees may be exposed to unexpected energization, start-up, or release of hazardous energy Servicing/Maintenance – includes lubrication, cleaning or unjamming, making adjustments and tool changes; where employees may be exposed to unexpected energization, start-up, or release of hazardous energy

11 Definitions Tagout – placement of a tagout device on an energy isolating device to indicate that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed Tagout – placement of a tagout device on an energy isolating device to indicate that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed Tagout device – a prominent warning device which can be securely fastened to an energy isolating device to indicate that the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed Tagout device – a prominent warning device which can be securely fastened to an energy isolating device to indicate that the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed

12 Lockout vs. Tagout When an energy isolating device is not capable of being locked out, tagout devices may be used When an energy isolating device is not capable of being locked out, tagout devices may be used Only when tagout will provide full employee protection Only when tagout will provide full employee protection If an energy isolating device is capable of being locked out it shall be unless the employer can show that tagout devices provide full employee protection If an energy isolating device is capable of being locked out it shall be unless the employer can show that tagout devices provide full employee protection

13 Lockout vs. Tagout When tagout is used on equipment which is capable of being locked out When tagout is used on equipment which is capable of being locked out Tags shall be attached where lockout devices would be; and Tags shall be attached where lockout devices would be; and Employer must demonstrate that tagout will provide safety equivalent to lockout Employer must demonstrate that tagout will provide safety equivalent to lockout Equivalent protection requires compliance with tagout provisions and additional measure, such as removal of isolating circuit element, blocking of a controlling switch, etc. Equivalent protection requires compliance with tagout provisions and additional measure, such as removal of isolating circuit element, blocking of a controlling switch, etc.

14 New or Modified Equipment Machines/equipment replaced or having major repair, renovation, or modification must be capable of being locked out Machines/equipment replaced or having major repair, renovation, or modification must be capable of being locked out Any new machine or equipment purchased after January 1, 1990 must be capable of being locked out Any new machine or equipment purchased after January 1, 1990 must be capable of being locked out

15 Maintenance Operations If a servicing activity takes place during production, the employee must lockout or tagout the device If a servicing activity takes place during production, the employee must lockout or tagout the device Lockout/tagout must be used when an employee is involved in Lockout/tagout must be used when an employee is involved in The removal or bypass of machine guards or other safety devices, resulting in exposure to hazards at the point of operation; The removal or bypass of machine guards or other safety devices, resulting in exposure to hazards at the point of operation; The placement of his or her body in contact with the point of operation of the operational machine or piece of equipment The placement of his or her body in contact with the point of operation of the operational machine or piece of equipment Placing any part of his or her body into any danger zone associated with the specific machine Placing any part of his or her body into any danger zone associated with the specific machine

16 Maintenance Operations Minor tool changes and/or adjustments during normal production operations that are routine, repetitive and integral to the use of the production equipment are not required to follow the lockout/tagout standard Minor tool changes and/or adjustments during normal production operations that are routine, repetitive and integral to the use of the production equipment are not required to follow the lockout/tagout standard Alternative measures should be taken to ensure the safety of the employee Alternative measures should be taken to ensure the safety of the employee

17 Requirements for Devices Durable Durable Lockout and tagout devices shall be capable of withstanding the environment for the maximum period of time that exposure is expected Lockout and tagout devices shall be capable of withstanding the environment for the maximum period of time that exposure is expected Tagout devices shall be constructed and printed so that exposure to weather conditions or wet and damp locations will not cause the tag to deteriorate Tagout devices shall be constructed and printed so that exposure to weather conditions or wet and damp locations will not cause the tag to deteriorate Tags shall not deteriorate when used in corrosive environments such as areas where acid and alkali chemicals are handled and stored Tags shall not deteriorate when used in corrosive environments such as areas where acid and alkali chemicals are handled and stored

18 Requirements for Devices Standardized Standardized Lockout and tagout devices shall be standardized within the facility in at least one of the following criteria: Color; shape; or size; and additionally, in the case of tagout devices, print and format shall be standardized Lockout and tagout devices shall be standardized within the facility in at least one of the following criteria: Color; shape; or size; and additionally, in the case of tagout devices, print and format shall be standardized

19 Requirements for Devices Substantial Substantial Lockout devices shall be substantial enough to prevent removal without the use of excessive force Lockout devices shall be substantial enough to prevent removal without the use of excessive force Tagout devices, including their means of attachment, shall be substantial enough to prevent inadvertent or accidental removal. Tagout devices, including their means of attachment, shall be substantial enough to prevent inadvertent or accidental removal.

20 Requirements for Devices Identifiable Identifiable Lockout devices and tagout devices shall indicate the identity of the employee applying the device Lockout devices and tagout devices shall indicate the identity of the employee applying the device Tagout devices shall warn against hazardous conditions if the machine or equipment is energized and shall include a legend such as the following: Do Not Start. Do Not Open. Do Not Close. Do Not Energize. Do Not Operate. Tagout devices shall warn against hazardous conditions if the machine or equipment is energized and shall include a legend such as the following: Do Not Start. Do Not Open. Do Not Close. Do Not Energize. Do Not Operate.

21 Procedure The following steps will provide for a successful and safe lockout/tagout: Notify all affected employees that servicing or maintenance of some kind is required on a machine and that the machine must be shut down prior to lockout to perform the servicing or maintenance. Notify all affected employees that servicing or maintenance of some kind is required on a machine and that the machine must be shut down prior to lockout to perform the servicing or maintenance. Before an authorized employee turns off a machine, the authorized employee shall have knowledge of the type and magnitude of the energy, the hazards of the energy to be controlled, and the method or means to control the energy. Before an authorized employee turns off a machine, the authorized employee shall have knowledge of the type and magnitude of the energy, the hazards of the energy to be controlled, and the method or means to control the energy.

22 Procedure Before any shutdowns or work of any kind can take place, a survey must take place in order to locate and identify all isolating devices. More than one energy source may be involved in the lockout/tagout procedure. Before any shutdowns or work of any kind can take place, a survey must take place in order to locate and identify all isolating devices. More than one energy source may be involved in the lockout/tagout procedure. The machine or equipment shall be shut down using the procedures established for the machine or equipment. The machine or equipment shall be shut down using the procedures established for the machine or equipment.

23 Procedure If the machine or equipment is in operation, it must be shut down by its normal halting procedure If the machine or equipment is in operation, it must be shut down by its normal halting procedure All energy isolating devices that are needed to control the energy to the machine shall be physically located and operated in such a manner as to isolate the machine from the energy source. All energy isolating devices that are needed to control the energy to the machine shall be physically located and operated in such a manner as to isolate the machine from the energy source.

24 Procedure Prior to starting work on machines that have been locked out or tagged out, the authorized employee shall verify that isolation and de- energization of the machine or equipment have been accomplished. Prior to starting work on machines that have been locked out or tagged out, the authorized employee shall verify that isolation and de- energization of the machine or equipment have been accomplished. Stored or residual energy must be dissipated or retrained by methods such as grounding, repositioning, blocking, bleeding down, etc. Stored or residual energy must be dissipated or retrained by methods such as grounding, repositioning, blocking, bleeding down, etc.

25 Procedure Tagout devices, where used, shall be affixed in such a manner as will clearly indicate that the operation or movement of energy isolating devices from the "off" position is prohibited. Tagout devices, where used, shall be affixed in such a manner as will clearly indicate that the operation or movement of energy isolating devices from the "off" position is prohibited. Where tagout devices are used with energy isolating devices designed with the capability of being locked, the tag attachment shall be fastened at the same point at which the lock would have been attached. Where tagout devices are used with energy isolating devices designed with the capability of being locked, the tag attachment shall be fastened at the same point at which the lock would have been attached.

26 Procedure Where a tag cannot be affixed directly to the energy isolating device, the tag shall be located as close as safely possible to the device, in a position that will be immediately obvious to anyone attempting to operate the device. Where a tag cannot be affixed directly to the energy isolating device, the tag shall be located as close as safely possible to the device, in a position that will be immediately obvious to anyone attempting to operate the device.

27 Procedure Lockout the energy-isolating device with assigned individual locks, the design, purpose and use of which the employee shall have been trained with prior to their use. Lockout the energy-isolating device with assigned individual locks, the design, purpose and use of which the employee shall have been trained with prior to their use. Lockout devices, where used, shall be affixed in a manner that will hold the energy isolating devices in a "safe" or "off" position. Lockout devices, where used, shall be affixed in a manner that will hold the energy isolating devices in a "safe" or "off" position.

28 HE&R Equipment The Pirate The Pirate The Claw The Claw Skyview Skyview Monorail Monorail Ladybug Ladybug Dizzy Drums Dizzy Drums Mini Pirate Mini Pirate Swing Thing Swing Thing Bizzy Bees Bizzy Bees Tiny Timbers Tiny Timbers SooperDooperLooper SooperDooperLooper Wave Swinger Wave Swinger Tilt-A-Whirl Tilt-A-Whirl Comet Comet Carrousel Carrousel Giant Wheel Giant Wheel Scrambler Scrambler Helicopters Helicopters Mini-Himalaya Mini-Himalaya Space Age Space Age Tiny Tracks Tiny Tracks Traffic Jam Traffic Jam Coal Cracker Coal Cracker Flying Falcon Flying Falcon Great Bear Great Bear

29 HE&R Equipment Kissing Tower Kissing Tower Convoy Convoy Dinosaur-Go-Round Dinosaur-Go-Round Red Baron Red Baron Rodeo Rodeo Sidewinder Sidewinder Trailblazer Trailblazer Tidal Force Tidal Force Western Chute Out Western Chute Out Frontier Flyers Frontier Flyers Canyon River Rapids Canyon River Rapids Livery Stables Livery Stables Mini Scrambler Mini Scrambler Storm Runner Storm Runner Chaos Chaos Ferris Wheel Ferris Wheel Lightning Racer Lightning Racer Music Express Music Express Roller Soaker Roller Soaker Whip Whip Wild Mouse Wild Mouse Wildcat Wildcat Frog Hoppers Frog Hoppers Granny Bugs Granny Bugs Mini Train Mini Train Pony Parade Pony Parade

30 Tagout Limitations Tags are essentially warning devices affixed to energy isolating devices, and do not provide the physical restraint on those devices that is provided by a lock. Tags are essentially warning devices affixed to energy isolating devices, and do not provide the physical restraint on those devices that is provided by a lock. When a tag is attached to an energy isolating means, it is not to be removed without authorization of the authorized person responsible for it, and it is never to be bypassed, ignored, or otherwise defeated. When a tag is attached to an energy isolating means, it is not to be removed without authorization of the authorized person responsible for it, and it is never to be bypassed, ignored, or otherwise defeated.

31 Tagout Limitations Tags must be legible and understandable by all authorized employees, affected employees, and all other employees whose work operations are or may be in the area, in order to be effective. Tags must be legible and understandable by all authorized employees, affected employees, and all other employees whose work operations are or may be in the area, in order to be effective. Tags and their means of attachment must be made of materials, which will withstand the environmental conditions encountered in the workplace. Tags and their means of attachment must be made of materials, which will withstand the environmental conditions encountered in the workplace.

32 Tagout Limitations Tags may evoke a false sense of security, and their meaning needs to be understood. Tags may evoke a false sense of security, and their meaning needs to be understood. Tags must be securely attached to the energy-isolating devices so that they cannot be detached accidentally during use. Tags must be securely attached to the energy-isolating devices so that they cannot be detached accidentally during use.

33 Safe Work Practices De-energize all sources of Hazardous Energy De-energize all sources of Hazardous Energy Disconnect or shift down engines or motors Disconnect or shift down engines or motors De-energize electrical circuits De-energize electrical circuits Block fluid flow in hydraulic or pneumatic systems Block fluid flow in hydraulic or pneumatic systems Block machine parts against motion Block machine parts against motion

34 Safe Work Practices Block or dissipate stored energy Block or dissipate stored energy Discharge capacities Discharge capacities Release or block springs that are under compression or tension Release or block springs that are under compression or tension Vent fluids from pressure valves, tanks, or accumulators BUT NEVER vent toxic, flammable or explosive substances directly into the atmosphere Vent fluids from pressure valves, tanks, or accumulators BUT NEVER vent toxic, flammable or explosive substances directly into the atmosphere

35 Safe Work Practices Lockout and tagout all forms of hazardous energy including electrical break panels and control valves Lockout and tagout all forms of hazardous energy including electrical break panels and control valves Make sure only one key exists for each assigned lock Make sure only one key exists for each assigned lock Verify by test and observation that all energy sources are de-energized Verify by test and observation that all energy sources are de-energized

36 Identity The lockout and/or tagout device shall indicated the identity of the employee applying the device The lockout and/or tagout device shall indicated the identity of the employee applying the device The device shall warn against hazardous conditions if the machine or equipment is energized and shall include a legend such as the following: The device shall warn against hazardous conditions if the machine or equipment is energized and shall include a legend such as the following: Do not start Do not start Do not open Do not open Do not close Do not close Do not energize Do not energize Do not operate Do not operate

37 Restoring Equipment The work area shall be inspected to ensure that nonessential items have been removed and to ensure that machine or equipment components are operationally intact. The work area shall be inspected to ensure that nonessential items have been removed and to ensure that machine or equipment components are operationally intact. The work area shall be checked to ensure that all employees have been safely positioned or removed. The work area shall be checked to ensure that all employees have been safely positioned or removed.

38 Restoring Equipment After lockout or tagout devices have been removed and before a machine is started, affected employees shall be notified that the lockout or tagout device(s) have been removed. After lockout or tagout devices have been removed and before a machine is started, affected employees shall be notified that the lockout or tagout device(s) have been removed. The employee who applied the device shall remove each lockout or tagout device from each energy- isolating device. If that employee is unavailable to remove the lockout or tagout devices, every effort should be made to contact them and ensure that they are aware that the energy is being restored to that specific machine or piece of equipment. The employee who applied the device shall remove each lockout or tagout device from each energy- isolating device. If that employee is unavailable to remove the lockout or tagout devices, every effort should be made to contact them and ensure that they are aware that the energy is being restored to that specific machine or piece of equipment.

39 Restoring Equipment In situations in which lockout or tagout devices must be temporarily removed from the energy isolating device and the machine energized to test or position the machine, equipment or component thereof, the following sequence of actions shall be followed: In situations in which lockout or tagout devices must be temporarily removed from the energy isolating device and the machine energized to test or position the machine, equipment or component thereof, the following sequence of actions shall be followed: Clear the machine or equipment of tools and materials Clear the machine or equipment of tools and materials Remove employees from the machine or equipment area Remove employees from the machine or equipment area Remove the lockout or tagout devices as specified earlier in this procedure Remove the lockout or tagout devices as specified earlier in this procedure Energize and proceed with testing or positioning Energize and proceed with testing or positioning De-energize all systems and reapply energy control measures to continue the servicing and/or maintenance. De-energize all systems and reapply energy control measures to continue the servicing and/or maintenance.

40 Inspection Inspection shall be performed: Inspection shall be performed: At least annually during the operation At least annually during the operation By an authorized employee By an authorized employee Used to correct deviations or inadequacies Used to correct deviations or inadequacies Lockout – between supervisors and authorized personnel Lockout – between supervisors and authorized personnel Tagout – between inspector and each authorized and effected employee Tagout – between inspector and each authorized and effected employee

41 Safe Work Practices Inspect repair work before removing your lock and activating the equipment Inspect repair work before removing your lock and activating the equipment Make sure the assigned worker removes his or her lock Make sure the assigned worker removes his or her lock Make sure that you or your co-workers are clear of danger points BEFORE re- energizing the system Make sure that you or your co-workers are clear of danger points BEFORE re- energizing the system

42 Energy Isolation Performed by an authorized employee only Performed by an authorized employee only Notification of Employees Notification of Employees The effected employees The effected employees Before being applied Before being applied Upon removal of the lockout/tagout device Upon removal of the lockout/tagout device

43 Application and Control Procedure for shutdown Procedure for shutdown Machine/Equipment shutdown Machine/Equipment shutdown Machine/Equipment isolation Machine/Equipment isolation Lockout/Tagout device application Lockout/Tagout device application Stored energy Stored energy Verification of isolation Verification of isolation Release from lockout/tagout Release from lockout/tagout

44 Outside Contractors Manager or supervisors will alert outside contractors of our policies and procedures with lockout/tagout Manager or supervisors will alert outside contractors of our policies and procedures with lockout/tagout All contractors shall following our guidelines when working within our complex All contractors shall following our guidelines when working within our complex

45 Shift Changes There shall be a change over period There shall be a change over period Employees shall exchange locks/tags when this occurs Employees shall exchange locks/tags when this occurs Personnel taking over should be fully briefed in the scope and stage of work done by those being relieved Personnel taking over should be fully briefed in the scope and stage of work done by those being relieved


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