They must be: Durable Standardized Substantial Identifiable Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Electricity Hydraulic Pneumatic Steam Thermal Chemical Gravity
Presses Saws Conveyors Pumps Production Equipment Trash Compactors Ovens
When servicing or maintaining equipment where: Hazardous energy exists Unexpected start-up could occur Either of these could harm an employee
Employees are required to remove or bypass a safety device Employees are required to place any part of their body in harms way Employees are exposed to hazardous energy
Work where hazardous energy does not exist Activities performed during routine production processes Work on cord-controlled devices Hot tap operations where shutdown is not feasible
Performing a shutdown Isolating equipment Applying and removing lockout devices Safely releasing stored energy
Employees who Operate Work around Occasionally adjust equipment that is subject to LOTO
Maintains equipment Services equipment Is trained to use LOTO
Ensure de-energization of equipment Ensure employee awareness Provide appropriate levels of training Review program effectiveness Maintain and revise program Administer appropriate disciplinary actions
Lockout/Tagout prior to service or repair Remove or cut locks off isolation devices Ensure proper training of authorized employees
Notify maintenance, etc., when equipment needs repair or adjustment Leave all LOTO devices in place Verify equipment is safe to operate following LOTO Follow all safety rules while operating the equipment
Repair or service equipment as needed Ensure that all energy sources are locked out Test equipment to verify residual energy is dissipated Place a DangerDo Not Operate tag on equipment
Obtain assistance when necessary Remove locks and/or tags following LOTO Coordinate multi-shift repair
Authorized employeesinitially and at least annually Affected employeesat least initially Authorized and affectedwhenever changes are made to jobs or procedures Authorized and affectedwhen program deficiencies are noted
Follow company safety procedures for LOTO Refer to procedures on how to lockout specific equipment Keep everyone informed when equipment is repaired or serviced Stay alert Use common sense
1. The LOTO standard is designed to block the flow of energy to a piece of equipment. True or False 2. Types of LOTO devices include _______, _______, and _______. 3. It is not required that a company have written procedures for proper lockout/tagout. True or False 4. An authorized employee is one who _________ or _________ the equipment. 5. If a safety device is removed from a piece of equipment, LOTO is not required. True or False
6. Typical energy sources found on equipment include: _______, _______, and _______. 7. Affected employees are those who operate or work around a piece of equipment. True or False 8. As long as an employee has had training on LOTO, the employer or company has no additional responsibilities under True or False 9. Training for authorized employees must be conducted _________ and at least _________. 10. Locks should always stay on the equipment during a shift change. True or False
1. True. It should block the flow of energy and provide a means of warning. 2. Types of LOTO devices include locks, blocks, chains, hasps, wheel valve covers and ball valve covers. 3. False. If lockout is required, a company must have a written program and procedures. 4. An authorized employee is one who services or maintains the equipment. 5. False. LOTO is required when a safety device is removed, an employee is in harms way or when employees are exposed to hazardous energy.
6. Typical energy sources include: electricity, hydraulics, pneumatics, steam, thermal, chemical and gravity. 7. True. Affected employees are those who operate or work around the equipment. 8.False. Training is just one of the responsibilities of a company. 9.Training for authorized employees must be conducted initially and at least annually. 10.False. Locks should be removed during shift change and the shift coming on duty should place their locks on the equipment.
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