Presentation on theme: "FHM TRAINING TOOLS This training presentation is part of FHM’s commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces. Be sure to check out all the training."— Presentation transcript:
1 FHM TRAINING TOOLSThis training presentation is part of FHM’s commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces.Be sure to check out all the training programs that are specific to your industry.
3 What is covered? Servicing and maintenance Normal production operations where:Employees by-pass guard(s)Employees place any part of their body in a hazardous area
4 What is not covered? Construction, agriculture, and maritime Normal production operations (subpart O)Cord-and-plug under the control of employee (written procedure still required)Hot tap operationsExposure to electrical conductors (subpart S and electrical safety-related work practices)
5 Energy types Electrical Mechanical Hydraulic Pneumatic Chemical ThermalOther
6 Lockout vs. Tagout If capable of being locked out: Prefer lockoutTags allowed, if employer can demonstrate FULL EMPLOYEE PROTECTIONMachine Modifications
7 Full Employee Protection? Tags attached at the same location as locksFull compliance with all tagout provisions in 29 CFRAdditional means when necessary (e.g. removal of a valve handle)
8 Definitions Affected employee Authorized employee Capable of being locked outEnergy isolating deviceServicing and/or maintenance
9 Servicing and maintenance includes: Setting upAdjustingInspectingModifyingConstructingInstalling
10 Lockout/tagout Requirements Written program which includes specific written proceduresTraining of employees (not just maintenance!)Periodic review of procedures
11 Written Lockout/Tagout Procedure Clearly and specifically outlineScopePurposeAuthorizationRules, techniques for control of energy
12 Lockout Procedure (cont’d) Clearly and specifically outline:Means to enforce compliance including:Intended use of procedureSpecific procedural stepsSpecific testing requirements
13 Documentation Exceptions: Machine has no potential for stored energyMachine has a single energy sourceIsolation of that source will completely de-energizeMachine is isolated and locked out during maintenance
14 Documentation Exceptions (cont’d) A single lockout device will achieve locked-out conditionLockout device under exclusive control of employeeMaintenance does not create hazard to othersNo previous accidents involving unexpected energization on this equipment
15 Energy Control Procedure Notification of employeesPreparation for shutdownMachine or equipment shutdownMachine or equipment isolationLockout/tagout device applicationStored energyVerification of isolationRelease from lockout/tagout
16 Lockout Procedure – Step 1 NOTIFICATION OF EMPLOYEESBefore controls are applied, and before they are removed
17 Lockout Procedure – Step 2 PREPARATION FOR SHUTDOWNKnowledge of the type and magnitude of energy and methods to control energy
18 Lockout Procedure – Step 3 MACHINE OR EQUIPMENT SHUTDOWNOrderly shutdown to avoid increased hazard
19 Lockout Procedure – Step 4 MACHINE OR EQUIPMENT ISOLATIONAll energy isolation devices located and operated to isolate machine
20 Line Breaking:Means the intentional opening of a pipe, line, or duct that is or has been carrying flammable, corrosive, or toxic material, an inert gas, or any fluid at a volume, pressure, or temperature capable of causing injury
21 Line Blanking or Blinding: Means the absolute closure of a pipe, line, orduct by fastening of a solid plate (such as aspectacle blind or a skillet blind) thatcompletely covers the bore and that is capableof withstanding the maximum pressure of thepipe, line, or duct with no leakage beyond theplate.
22 Double Block and Bleed: Means the closure of a line, duct, or pipe by closing and locking or tagging two in-line valves and by opening and locking or tagging a drain or vent valve in the line between the two closed valves.
23 Lockout Procedure – Step 5 LOCKOUT OR TAGOUT DEVICE APPLICATIONAffixed by authorized employee holding energy isolating device in the safe or off position
24 Lockout Procedure – Step 6 STORED ENERGYRelieve all stored energy and continue to verify if there is a chance of re-accumulation
25 Stored Energy Examples Batteries and capacitorsPressure differentialHydraulicPneumaticVacuumSpringsGravity
26 Lockout Procedure – Step 7 VERIFICATION OF ISOLATIONPrior to servicing or maintenance, authorized employee must verify machine has been de-energized
27 Lockout Procedure – Step 8 RELEASE FROM LOCKOUT OR TAGOUTInspect work area to ensure removal of non-essentialsEmployees safely positioned and notifiedLockout/tagout removal (by employee who applied)
28 Lock/Tag Removal if Authorized Employee is not Available? Verify that authorized employee is not at facilityMake reasonable efforts to inform him or herEnsure that he/she knows of removal upon re-enteringMUST INCLUDE THIS PROCEDUREIN WRITTEN PROGRAM
30 Hardware Must Be: Provided by the employer Singularly identified Only devices used for controlNot used for other purposes
31 Hardware Must Be (cont’d): Durable – be able to withstand environmentStandardized – color, size, etc.Tags: print and formatSubstantial – no accidental removalTag attachment means:Withstand at least 50 pounds of forceNot re-usableSelf lockingAttachable by hand
32 Hardware Must Be (cont’d): Identifiable – identify the employee who appliedTags must include legend such as DO NOT START
33 Periodic Inspection Performed at least annually Lockout – include review with authorized employeesTagout – include review with authorized and affected employeesCertification record kept:Identify machine or equipmentDate of inspectionEmployees performing and included in inspection
34 Training and Re-training Authorized employeesRecognition of hazardous energyType and magnitude of hazardous energyMethods of isolating energyHow to verify isolationAffected – Purpose and use of procedureOther – Procedure and Prohibition from tamperingTagout provisions
35 Re-training is Required When: Change in job assignmentChange in machine or processChange in lockout/tagout procedureInadequacies revealed in periodic review
36 Training Certification Certify that the training has been conducted and kept up to date:Employee namesDate(s) of training
37 Other RequirementsContractors?Personnel or shift changes?
38 Testing or Positioning Machines Clear the machine of tools and materialsRemove employees from the areaRemove lockout/tagout devicesEnergize and proceed with testing/positioningDe-energize and re-apply energy control measures
39 Group Lockout Personal lock or tag (usually) Lockbox or master tag system with principal authorized employeeWork permit system“Shall utilize a procedure which affords a level of protection equivalent to that provided by the implementation of a personal lockout or tagout device”
40 SUMMARY Written program including written procedures for each machine Training of employeesPeriodic review of programENFORCEMENT
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.