Presentation on theme: "PROSECUTION OF INTERLOCK VIOLATIONS"— Presentation transcript:
1PROSECUTION OF INTERLOCK VIOLATIONS Sergeant Ken DentonWashington State Patrol - Impaired Driving Section
2IGNITION INTERLOCK DEVICES How many ignition interlocks are installed in vehicles across the United States?Over 300,000How many ignition interlock devices are installed in vehicles in Washington?Over 18,000How many multi-time DUI offenders in WA State have an ignition interlock requirement, but no interlock installation record on file?Over 22,000/ DWLS
3WHO MIGHT HAVE AN INTERLOCK INSTALLED IN THEIR VEHICLE? Administrative ( Implied Consent) Subject may choose to apply for II License in lieu of suspensionCriminal ( ) conviction of DUI crime/s or reduction of DUI
4RCW 46.20.720 DRIVERS CONVICTED OF ALCOHOL OFFENSES Convicted of or , DUI or Physical Control or other equivalent local or out of state ordinanceConvicted of * (3)(a)(b) Reckless Driving * must have had a prior conviction of offense defined within within last seven yearsConvicted of * (4) Neg Driving 1st Degree *must have had prior conviction of offense defined within within last seven years
5If status is DWLS/R, that trumps everything! DOL RETURNSIf status is DWLS/R, that trumps everything!Even if subject has device installed, they do not have a valid license.
6DOL RETURNSSubject should have regular, plastic license and device installed in any vehicle they are driving.
7DOL RETURNS This is an Ignition Interlock License. They should have a sheet of paper for their license.Subject should be driving a car with a device.
8DOL RETURNS Subject does not have a valid license – even if they have a device installed!Subject has not correctly submitted something;such as proof of insurance.
9DOL RETURNSDrivers may have a device in their car, but no restriction shows on their DOL recordThis may be for a variety of reasonsVehicle is shared with another driver who has a restrictionCompany vehicle – some companies install them voluntarilyInstalled prior to obtaining an Ignition Interlock LicenseSubject is an ignition interlock employeeFamily requests – teenagers, recovering alcoholics, etc.
10WORK VEHICLE EXEMPTION (3)(b)(i)Except as provided in (b)(ii) of this subsection, the installation of an ignition interlock device is not necessary on vehicles owned, leased, or rented by a person's employer and on those vehicles whose care and/or maintenance is the temporary responsibility of the employer, and driven at the direction of a person's employer as a requirement of employment during working hours. The person must provide the department with a declaration pursuant to RCW 9A from his or her employer stating that the person's employment requires the person to operate a vehicle owned by the employer or other persons during working hours.
11EMPLOYER EXEMPTIONAbuse of exemption: Contact Ignition Interlock Program to assist in investigation.Self-employed subject or business owner may be able to use this exemption in their own company’s vehicles.These exemptions are often abused and can be difficult to prove. Ask good questions:Where are you going?Wrong answer: Out to dinner with the familyWhere are you coming from?Wrong answer: Anywhere but work related businessWhat business were you conducting?Wrong answer: Took my clients out to get drunk
12FOR THOSE EMBARRASSING TIMES YOU DON’T WANT BE SEEN GIVING SAMPLE TO YOUR INTERLOCKS If you’re driving down the road and see someone drinking from a giant cup with a large straw they probably have an interlock OR will need to make frequent stops at every rest area!
13EXAMPLES OF ITEMS USED TO CIRCUMVENT DEVICES Garden hosesAir compressorsHard-sided coffee cups retro-fitted with two straws (inlet and outlet)Mattress or raft inflatorsCharcoal filterDevices used to bail water out of boats, canoes, etc.Devices specifically sold to defeat IID Clean – basically a cylinder filled with charcoal
14RCWTampering or Circumvention of the interlock by tampering, is a gross misdemeanor.
15CIRCUMVENTED OR TAMPERED WITH DEVICE, NOW WHAT? Take picturesNotify appropriate Ignition Interlock Program TrooperUse your interview skillsOthers involvedDevice originMethodology of circumventionReliability of circumvention methodGather evidenceGarden hose, mattress inflator, coffee cup, disconnected wiring, etc.
16WHAT CAN YOU DO IF YOU SEE THESE ITEMS DURING A TRAFFIC STOP? Have the subject turn the vehicle off for two minutes, then have the driver provide a sample into the interlock device.Ensure there are functioning lights or LED/LCD screens on the deviceCord for the device should be secured under the dash near driver knee
17OTHER TYPES OF CIRCUMVENTION Having someone other than intended driver provide sample.Problem with the RCW, Legislative action has been proposed.RCW Circumventing ignition interlock — Penalty.(1) A person who is restricted to the use of a vehicle equipped with an ignition interlock device and who tampers with the device or directs, authorizes, or requests another to tamper with the device, in order to circumvent the device by modifying, detaching, disconnecting, or otherwise disabling it, is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.This next slide is an actual case that occurred here in WA a few months ago.
18Subject fails with sample of .056 20 minutes later child unable to provide good sample2 minutes later passed test from off camera4 minutes later, random retest. Someone from off camera provides sample
19CHARGES FOR SUBJECT THAT PROVIDES A SAMPLE FOR A RESTRICTED DRIVER RCW Circumventing ignition interlock — Penalty.(2) A person who knowingly assists another person who is restricted to the use of a vehicle equipped with an ignition interlock device to circumvent the device or to start and operate that vehicle in violation of a court order is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
203.5 Minutes after a failed sample the BAC is .00 Vehicle startsSaturday, May 11, :26:53 PM Picture Requested - Test StartedSaturday, May 11, :27:01 PM Initial Test-PassProblem: Can not prove where violation occurred, driver won’t testify against them. Makes for great argument for use of GPS coordinates at time of test to be recorded in the data log.
21PROBATION VIOLATIONSProbation from the courts different all over the state. Ask questions!Probation violations may be the best method of using this information for accountability.Probation Officers: Work w/ Interlock Program and Interlock Providers to gather great monitoring information!
22INTERLOCKS INSTALLED ON MOTORCYCLES Some manufacturers will install a device on a motorcyclePhoto capability is not required if installation is done on the motorcycle.
23DATA LOGGER All devices record the following information Any efforts to disable the deviceDate / Time of vehicle usePass / Fail recordsBrAC LevelsStart and Stopping of vehicle engineService remindersDate service performedImages taken at time of testing
24USE OF DATA LOGS FOR INVESTIGATIONS If investigating hit and run collision and suspect vehicle R.O. has interlock required, a photo may be available of the person that was driving just prior to the collision.Last year, photo’s were used to identify suspect in drive by shooting.Obtain a search warrantContact Interlock Program personnel for assistance.
25IGNITION INTERLOCK PROGRAM CONTACTS Region 1: Trooper Pedro Zepeda --- Seattle Office (206)Region 2: Trooper Craig Sahlinger--- Olympia Office (360)Region 3: Trooper Dawn Blake--- Spokane Office (509)HQ: Sergeant Ken Denton & Office Assistant Dilcia Miller--- Seattle Office (206)132
26THANK YOU! Please contact us at any time with questions Sergeant Ken Denton(206)Trooper Pedro ZepedaTrooper Craig Sahlinger(360)Trooper Dawn Blake(509)