Presentation on theme: "Foundations of Engineering and Technology I"— Presentation transcript:
1Foundations of Engineering and Technology I General SafetyFoundations of Engineering and Technology I
2MaterialsPaint, enamel, lacquer, or solvents must not be used near flames or sparks because they are flammable.Keep flammable materials in the metal cabinet.Never leave material lying around someone could get cut, slip, or fall.Hot metal placed in water can cause the water to be hot enough to burn someone.
3ALWAYS CLEAN UP THE LABORATORY BEFORE YOU LEAVE!!!!
6Essential Questions:1. Why is safety important?2. What are general safety rules to follow?3. What is the proper way to use the lab equipment?4. Where is the safety equipment located?
7Why Safety Instruction? It's Required.For all students prior to working with equipment.
8Why Safety Instruction? Develop an awareness of hazards and become more safety conscious at school, work or at home.Develop a serious attitude toward the use and practice of safety proceduresTo prepare for safety before entering the work area, in the work area, at a workstation and on leaving the work areaTo recognize safety symbols, color codes and safety equipment
9WHY?Federal, State and Local Governments pass laws in order to protect citizens (taxpayers)Schools are responsible to parents for sending kids home in the same condition they arrive each day.
10WHY?$Private Agencies/Businesses/Industry are held accountable for providing a safe working environment for their employees.(Law suits cut into profits.)Company is less productive when employees are lost or disabled.Keeping experienced employees safe is more productive and profitable than constantly training replacements.
11WHY?$Manufacturers of tools and machines want to avoid lawsuits or recalls from defective products. That’s bad P.R. and will hurt sales. They also want you to come back and buy their products again.
13“You won’t believe the bad luck I just had….” Read story to class: First, a little background. We’ll be talking about two next-door neighbor families. The Smiths and the Johnsons. The families are basically identical, same income, same model and year of car, (They even bought them the same day), virtually identical houses that they just had painted last summer. But out of the three accidents on their street last year the Smiths had two of them. Bum luck? There are some differences in their attitudes and actions. The Smiths went on an expensive ski trip just last month. The Johnsons wanted to go but couldn’t afford it because they had to replace the worn out tires on their car. Mr. Smith figured that he could put off getting his tires replaced until next month so that they could go skiing. “I couldn’t help it. It was an accident.” If you haven’t made that statement, you are a rare individual. Most people feel that many accidents happen by chance and there’s nothing you can do about them. When we talk about accidents we speak in terms of luck. We might shake our heads and say “What rotten luck!” or “The Smiths have the worst luck. They just had a blowout aend wrecked their car. Last week they even had a fire in their basement workshop. We all know a family like that. Why do we use luck to explain an accident. First of all, we’re all “perfect” in our minds. “No way could it be My fault!” So it has to be someone or something else that caused it. What’s the first thing you do if you’re walking into a room full of your friends and you trip over the rug? Do you merely just collect yourself and continue on? NO WAY! You instantly turn and glare at the “stupid rug”. It wouldn’t be cool to say “I should have been paying attention to where I was walking.” Even though your friends may say something different when you’re not there, they are more likely to try to make you feel better by telling you – “Those things happen.” or “You’re just having some bad luck.”To sum it up, when safety is practiced we don’t really notice it. But when it’s not, and an accident happens, we look for a “scape-goat” and blame it on luck.
17A hazard is a dangerous situation that could cause an accident. What is a Hazard?A hazard is a dangerous situation that could cause an accident.
18Three Types of HazardsImmediate Hazard – A situation that is visible and presents an immediate danger.Potential Hazard – A situation that is visible but could become dangerous if combined with other situations or events.Hidden Hazard – An existing dangerous situation that is hidden from obvious view.
19Recognizing Hazards List and Categorize as many hazards as Assignment you can recognize in the Smith's basement.The SmithsThe johnsonsWho do you predict to have the next accident?
29Eye Protection is Required! School Lab SafetyThe only law affecting work in school labs is:Eye Protection is Required!Georgia Code This law mandates the wearingof safety goggles by every student, teacher, and visitor participating in or observing chemical, physical, or combined chemical physical activities involving caustic or explosive materials, hot liquids or solids, injurious radiation or other hazards.
40Accidents Take Their Toll Businesses spend $170 BILLION a year on costs associated with occupational injuries and illnesses – expenditures that come straight out of company profits. In addition Lost productivity from injuries and illnesses costs companies $60 BILLION each year. – O.S.H.AAuto/Home owners insurance companies rates are higher in some places These factors determine the rates you pay: Where you live (apartments vs home) or drive the most, your sex, age group, your accident record etc.The higher the risk that they’ll have to pay, the higher your rates will be.
41Safety Agencies and Organizations NSCClick on logos to visit web sites if internet is available
50Safety Around Electricity How Much Current Can Kill?100 AMPS20 Amps1 AmpONLY1/1000 of an Amp
51Never Overload Circuits Wires could get hot enough to melt the insulation and cause a short circuit inside the wall.
52What is a Short Circuit?Electrons are forced to move through the device when the circuit is working properlyBut Electrons will ALWAYS look for the shortest path back to where they came from…even if that means jumping (arcing) between two conductors which could electrocute or start fires.
53Safety Around Electricity Believe it or Not!Capacitors inside the back of your TV store over 10,000 volts and can electrocute you EVEN WHEN IT’S UNPLUGGED!!Believe it !
54Safety Color Code Safety Red Stop/Danger/Fire Safety Orange Warning Safety YellowCautionSafety GreenStart/Safety Info
57Tools Always inspect a tool before you use it. If there is a damaged switch or cord on a power tool report it to your teacher immediately so that the tool can be put up for repair.Never touch a power tool if it is moving, wait until it comes to a complete stop.Always use the tool for its proper function.
58Using Power Tools in the Laboratory Always get permission from the teacher before you use the machinery.Never talk to another student or the instructor while he/she is operating the machinery.When using the machinery stand only in the “Operator Zone” or the area where only the machinery operator should stand.Always unplug a power tool by the plug not the cord.
59Types of MachinesDrill Press – When cutting holes make sure the material is secured in a Vise or Gripping Tool. Never hold the material.Band Saw – Use the guide to push material through the blade and keep your hands from the blade. Never force material, forcing means you are trying too hard and could bind.Scroll Saw – Move material slowly, keep your hand away from the blade.Sander – Hold material firmly, always move against the spin.
60When in the Laboratory… The Laboratory is a dangerous place if you are not careful.Never Horse Play.Never Operate the machinery without checking with the teacher.Loose hair should be tied up, clothing tucked in, jewelry taken off, and long sleeves rolled up.If an accident should happen contact the teacher immediately.
61MaterialsPaint, enamel, lacquer, or solvents must not be used near flames or sparks because they are flammable.Keep flammable materials in the metal cabinet.Never leave material lying around someone could get cut, slip, or fall.Hot metal placed in water can cause the water to be hot enough to burn someone.
62Lockout and TagoutOctober 30, 1989 – the Lockout/Tagout Standard, 29 CFR went into effectIntended to reduce the number of deaths and injuries related to servicing and maintaining machines and equipment.
63Lockout – the placement of a lockout device on an energy-isolating device to ensure that the equipment being controlled cannot be operated until the lockout device is removed by an authorized personUtilizes a positive means such as a lock to hold an energy-isolating device in the safe position and prevent the energizing of a machine or device
64Tagout – is the placement of a tagout device on an energy-isolating device in accordance with an established procedure to indicate that the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removedMust warn against hazardous conditions if the machine or equipment is energized and must include a clear warning such as:DO NOT START. DO NOT OPEN. DO NOT CLOSE. DO NOT ENERGIZE. DO NOT OPERATE
65What is an Accident?An unplanned event that may or may not result in an injury
66ALWAYS CLEAN UP THE LABORATORY BEFORE YOU LEAVE!!!!
67Whether at work or play one goal to say don’t let safety be a stranger to thee. From hazards you can’t tame you may not look the same.