Safety Safety is being free from danger, risk, or injury. Policy is a plan. Procedure is an action.
Causes of Farm Accidents – Farm machinery – 44% - almost half – Drowning – 12% – Hit by objects – 9% – Electrical current – 7% – Firearms – 5% – Falls – 5% – Others – 18% includes burns, animals, poisons etc.
Safety in the shop Safety in the shop depends mainly on the people who use the shops. The major causes of accidents are unsafe actions by people and unsafe working conditions. Best way to control accidents: prevention.
The next best approach is to use protective devices such as…. – safety glasses – face shields – gloves – steel toe shoes – aprons – guards, etc.
To be safe and efficient, a shop must be large enough to have reasonable space for each person working in the shop. Clean and organized = less accidents. Tools and materials should be put in their proper places to save time and prevent accidents.
An approved flammable materials cabinet provides a safe place to store paint, oil, etc. and automatically closes if there is a fire.
General Shop Safety The types of safety devices needed depend on the work being done. Minimum protection is safety glasses. To prevent back injuries, heavy objects should be lifted with the legs, not the back. Loose clothing, jewelry, and long hair can cause serious injury by getting caught in equipment with rotating or turning parts.
Safety Color Codes – used to alert people to dangers and hazards. Green – safety equipment and first aid supplies Red – fire safety equipment Orange – dangerous parts of equipment. Yellow – adjustments or controls on equipment Blue – caution against starting out of working order equipment Gray – floors
Focal Colors-for emphasis Ivory – highlights edges of equipment to improve visibility. Vista green – paints bodies of machines, stationary equipment, and cabinets. Aluminum – paints waste containers.
FIRES Classes of Fires – Class A: ordinary combustibles. Symbol is green triangle. – Class B: flammable liquids. Symbol is a red square. – Class C: electricity. Symbol is a blue circle. – Class D: combustible metals. Symbol is a yellow star.
Extinguishing Fires Class A: Water Class B or C: Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) Classes A, B, and C: Dry chemical Class D: Combustible metals Extinguishers should be located 3 ½' to 5' above the floor so that they will be easy to reach.