Presentation on theme: "Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention"— Presentation transcript:
1 Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Today we are going to define and discuss the prevalence of the following terms and how each one contributes to the tolerance of violence:Sexual HarassmentDating ViolenceSexual AssaultHB 121 – Teen Dating Violence Policy
2 The Cycle of My Life by Pamela, age 16 It all starts out wonderful until he strikesConstantly hearing I’m sorryUntil it doesn’t matter anymoreForgiving every time, forgetting neverCalling out for him to stopNever stopping until it is almost too lateNever thinking about the consequences of his actionsJust making me think about the consequences of mineHearing I’m sorry all over againMeeting him with open eyesAwaiting the gifts I know will pour forwardUntil it all stopsAnd the cycle begins all over again
3 Sexual HarassmentDefined in the Texas Penal Code ( – Sexual Harassment) as,Any repeated or deliberate sexual behavior that is unwelcome to its recipient, as well as other sex-related behaviors that are hostile, offensive, or degrading.Physical Contact – grabbing, pushing, touching, gropingSexual Comments – name-calling, rumors, gossip, using the word “fag”Sexual Propositions – “quid pro quo”Unwanted phone calls/ s/text messages/letters/notesSexual Harassment is a form of violence!!
4 The Prevalence of the Problem Over 80% of girls (8th – 11th grade) and over 70% of boys (8th – 11th grade) reported that they have been sexually harassed or bullied.Roughly 38% of students reported that they have experienced some form of physical abuse, sexual abuse, or harassment by a public school employee (coach, teacher).Over 30% of school employees or teachers were harassed by students and over 40% of school employees or teachers had been harassed by each otherEvery 7 minutes a child is bullied or harassed. In addition to that, adult intervention occurred only 4% of the time, peer intervention occurred only 11% of the time, and no intervention occurred 85% of the time.Nearly 60% of boys classified as bullies in grades 6-9 were convicted of at least one crime by the age of 24, and 40% of them had three or more convictions by the age of 24** Bureau of Justice – School Crime and Safety & American Association of University Women
5 Dating ViolenceDefined in the Texas Family Code ( ) as,The intentional use of physical, sexual, verbal, or emotional abuse by a person to harm, threaten, intimidate, or control another person in a dating relationship.Dating violence is a pattern of coercive behavior that one partner exerts over the other for the purpose of establishing and maintaining power and control.
6 Dating Violence Can Be...PHYSICAL - Pinching, shoving, slapping, grabbing, intimidating (blocking doors, throwing objects, breaking or damaging possessions, using weapons)SEXUAL - Unwanted touching, forced sexual activities, RAPE, pressure or coercion to have sex, threats of finding someone who will do what he or she wants sexuallyVERBAL/EMOTIONAL - Put-downs, insults, rumors, threats, possessiveness, mood swings, humiliation, accusations, dictating what one wears, dictating who one hangs out with, requires partner to check in constantly.
7 The Prevalence of the Problem Approximately 1 in 5 high school girls reported being physically or sexually abused by a dating partner.As many as 45% to 66% of youth in violent relationships are both perpetrators and victims.Dating violence occurs most frequently in schools, with about 50% occurring in the front of other people, including adults.Almost 60% of adolescent males believe that rape is acceptable under certain circumstances.Acceptance of dating abuse among friends is one of the strongest links to future involvement in dating abuse.It does not discriminate.
8 The Prevalence of the Problem In the United States, a woman is raped every 46 seconds. That equates to about 683,280 rapes per year.In the United States, an avg. of 112,000 males age 12 and older are victims of rape or attempted rape every year.1 out of every 5 women, and 1 out of every 10 men will be raped at some point in their lives.1 in 3 girls, and 1 in 7 boys will be sexually abused before they reach the age of 18.Teens between the ages of 16 and 19 are 3 and a ½ times more likely to be victims of rape of attempted rape.Over 60% of all rape victims are under the age of 18
9 Continuum of Violence Thoughts, Attitudes Rumors, Teasing Name-calling StalkingPhysical or Verbal AssaultSexual Assault/RapeMURDER!!
10 Impact on Victims Red Flags Bruises, scratches, other injuries Failing grades or dropping out of schoolAvoiding friends and social activitiesChanges in clothes or make-upChanges in eating habitsIncrease in high risk behaviorsRegressive behaviorsIrrational or exaggerated fear of placesSudden changes in mood or personality
11 House Bill 121Effective September 2007, the Texas Legislature has passed, and Governor Perry has signed, an act requiring each school district in Texas to adopt and implement a dating violence policy.Each school district’s dating violence policy must:include a definition of dating violenceaddress safety planninginclude enforcement of protective ordersinclude school-based alternatives to protective ordersaddress counseling for affected studentsaddress training for teachers and administratorsinclude awareness education for students and parents
12 Safety PlanningA Safety Plan is a tool used to assess risk and identify actions to increase safety for victims.Includes important telephone numbers including law enforcement, helpline, community organizations, etc.Identifies supportive peers and adults at home and schoolOutlines specific strategies for avoiding the abuser, and getting help when needed
13 Counseling for Students Provide school counselors with training, resources, and teen dating violence prevention materials.Let students know that they can talk to the counselors about dating and relationships.Utilize local resources such as domestic violence and sexual assault centers.
15 Resources The Rape Crisis Center for Children and Adults – San Antonio Texas Association Against Sexual Assault – AustinTexas Advocacy Project: Teen Justice Initiative – AustinTexas Council on Family Violence Red Flags Project – AustinNational Youth Violence Prevention Resource CenterCHOOSE RESPECT Initiative – San AntonioThe Expect Respect Program Manual – Austin SafePlaceRAINN (Rape, Abuse, & Incest National Network)
16 Dating Violence Mary Alice Smallbone, Director Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities/MediationStudent Support Servicesor 7130
17 SDFSC/Mediation in NEISD TrainingPeer MediationExperiential LearningPAL trainingPrevention Programming:Safe School AmbassadorsSteps to RespectSecond Step
18 A Day in the Life of the American Child 17,072 public school students are suspended.4,400 children are arrested.65,000 students miss school due to some sort of conflict.2,539 teens drop out of school.2,455 children are abused or neglected.1,186 babies are born to teen mothers.8 children/teen are killed by a firearm5 children/teens commit suicide4 children are killed by abuse or neglect
19 Flirting vs. Harassment Makes you feel goodIs usually taken as a complimentGoes both waysIs welcome attentionEncourages positive self-esteemSexual Harassment:Hurts your feelingsIs usually considered insultingIs one-sidedIs unwantedEnforces negativeself-esteem
20 Common Myths About Sexual Assault Sexual Assault and Rape are two different thingsRape = SexDate rape isn’t as bad as stranger rapeRape only happens to (some) womenSome women ask to be raped based on their clothing or behaviorA rape victim is “damaged goods”Secretly, women really WANT to be raped“It will never happen to me”
21 Rape & the San Antonio Community Rape is the most underreported felony in our community.1 in 10 women report1 in 25 men reportOver 80% of rape survivors in San Antonio that are 12 and older, know their attacker.Over 90% of sexually abused children in San Antonio up to the age of 12, know their attacker.The Rape Crisis Center averages going to the hospital times a day and receives an average of 650 calls a month on our 24 hour hotline.
22 Preventing Violence Using the Ecological Model The components of prevention...Primary Prevention:Interventions before sexual violence occurs to prevent initial perpetration or victimizationSecondary Prevention:Interventions immediately after sexual violence has occurred to deal with short-term consequences of violenceTertiary Prevention:Interventions after sexual violence has occurred that involve long-term responses to deal with lasting consequences of violence & sex offender treatment programs
24 Teen Dating and Sexual Violence - Risk Factors IndividualAlcohol and drug useCoercive sexual fantasies and other attitudes and beliefs supportive of sexual violenceImpulsive and antisocial tendenciesPreference for impersonal sexHostility towards womenHistory of sexual abuse as a childWitnessed family violence as a childBelief in strict gender roleAggressive or delinquent behavior
25 Teen Dating and Sexual Violence - Risk Factors Community FactorsPovertyLack of employment opportunitiesPoverty, mediated through forms of crisis of male identityLack of institutional support from police and judicial systemGeneral tolerance of sexual assault within the communityWeak community sanctions against perpetrators of sexual violence
26 Teen Dating and Sexual Violence - Risk Factors RelationshipAssociate with sexually aggressive and delinquent peersFamily environment characterized by physical violence and few resourcesStrongly patriarchal relationship or family environmentEmotionally unsupportive family environmentFamily honor considered more important than the health and safety of the victim
27 Teen Dating and Sexual Violence - Risk Factors Societal FactorsInequalities based on gender, race, and sexual orientationReligious or cultural beliefsEconomic and social policiesSocietal norms supportive of sexual violenceSocietal norms supportive of male superiority and sexual entitlementWeak laws and policies related to sexual violenceWeak laws and policies related to gender equalityHigh levels of crime and other forms of violenceTraditional gender norms
28 Impact on VictimsGirls with a history of physical and sexual dating violence are significantly more likely to:Engage in substance abuse (binge drinking, cocaine use, smoking, and unhealthy weight-control behaviors)Engage in risky sexual behavior before age 15Have multiple sexual partnersTo have been pregnant (4-6 times more likelythan non-abused peers)To have attempted suicide during theprevious year (8-9 times more likely thannon-abused peers)
29 Impact on School StaffHow do the issues of sexual and dating violence impact your job performance?Your own safety?
30 Do we tolerate the idea that Are We Responsible?Do we tolerate the idea thatviolence is acceptable?Give some examples about what we tell or show our kids that could possibly support the risk factors that we just talked aboutWhat are doing to make it safer?
31 Training and Education Defining teen dating and sexual violenceIdentifying social expectations of males and females that contribute to abuseExamining the role of the media in supporting sex role stereotypes and how these stereotypes, if believed, are a set-up for abuse and violenceExploring how teens can help themselves or a friend, including where to find legal, medical, and mental health servicesDefining healthy and respectful behavior and relationships
32 Risk Assessment and Safety Plan How often does your partner:Put you down?Threaten to hurt you?Hit you or throw thingsCall you namesConstantly call, text or page youPressure you to have sexYell at youPush or shove youSlap you or pull your hairAct controllingKeep you from spending time with your friends
33 Getting Youth Involved They have the credibilityIncreased buy-inCan reach the hard-to-reach youthBenefit to youth leaders themselvesBecome outspoken leaders for changeIncrease likelihood of impacting social norms
34 Protective Orders Enforcement of Protective Orders Contact the Texas Advocacy Project’s Teen Justice Initiative for questions about Protective Orders and YouthSchool Based Alternatives to Protective OrdersDevelop reporting system, investigative protocol and optionssuch as a stay-away agreement